RESEARCH METHODS

SHE Level 5
SCQF Credit Points 60.00
ECTS Credit Points 30.00
Module Code MMX224321
Module Leader Constantinos Choromides
School School for Work Based Education
Subject SCWBE
Trimesters
  • B (January start)-A (September start)-B (January start)
  • S-B (January start)-A (September start)-B (January start)
  • A (September start)-B (January start)
  • B (January start)-C (May start)
  • C (May start)-A (September start)
  • S-C (May start)-A (September start)
  • A (September start)-B (January start)-C (May start)
  • B (January start)-C (May start)-A (September start)
  • C (May start)-A (September start)-B (January start)
  • S-C (May start)-A (September start)-B (January start)

Summary of Content

Unit One - Introduction to qualitative and quantitative research methodologies Critically assess the key philosophical perspectives Discuss and evaluate the different methodologies available to the researcher Make informed choices regarding theory/methodology in their research Discuss the philosophy underpinning the development of the research question Unit Two - Sampling and collecting qualitative data in qualitative research studies and sampling, collecting and analysing data in quantitative research studies Qualitative research methods: Demonstrate a detailed knowledge of the different types of non-probability sampling Demonstrate a critical understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of different methods of data collection in qualitative research Apply the skills required to effectively gather qualitative data (including researcher as instrument) Critically evaluate domain specific methods relevant to their discipline Quantitative research methods: -360b7 Study variables and surveys b7 Analysing your data (part one) b7 Quantitative data analysis (Introduction to SPSS) Includes upfront teaching, group work and tutorials. Also includes an introduction to surveys and quantitative data analysis. Students will be introduced to the SPSS environment through tutorials and simple lab assignments. Unit Three - Issues of ethics and rigour in research Evaluate and apply the ethical principles and issues related to research using human participants in their discipline Qualitative research: Demonstrate a critical understanding of the different approaches to qualitative data analysis Apply the skills required to effectively analyse qualitative data, including the use of qualitative analysis software Critically evaluate the approaches used to assess the rigour of qualitative research studies Quantitative research: -360b7 Analysing your data (part two) b7 Research Ethics and Bias. b7 Quantitative data analysis Part two - labs required Includes upfront teaching, group work and tutorials. Also includes further quantitative data analysis within SPSS. Unit Four - Critical Review Understand the development of appropriate questions Obtain knowledge from a variety of sources Critically analyse published literature Summarise main ideas from published literature Communicate competently and effectively on matters within their discipline Understand the requirements and processes involved in disseminating best evidence Communicate competently and effectively 'bottom lines' related to questions and scenarios relevant to their discipline Qualitative Research: b7 Critiquing qualitative research papers Quantitative Research -360b7 Critiquing quantitative research papers and projects b7 Building simple models b7 Quantitative data analysis part three - labs required Students will be taught how to critique research papers and projects, build simple quantitative models and perform further quantitative analysis within a lab environment.

Syllabus

Unit One - Introduction to qualitative and quantitative research methodologies Critically assess the key philosophical perspectives Discuss and evaluate the different methodologies available to the researcher in their area Make informed choices regarding theory/methodology in their research Discuss the philosophical underpinnings to their research question development Unit Two - Sampling and collecting qualitative data in qualitative research studies and sampling, collecting and analysing data in quantitative research studies Qualitative research methods: Demonstrate a detailed knowledge of the different types of non-probability sampling Demonstrate a critical understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of different methods of data collection in qualitative research Apply the skills required to effectively gather qualitative data (including researcher as instrument) Quantitative research methods: -284b7 Study variables and surveys b7 Analysing your data (part one) b7 Quantitative data analysis (Introduction to SPSS) Includes upfront teaching, group work and tutorials. Also includes an introduction to surveys and quantitative data analysis. Students will be introduced to the SPSS environment through tutorials and simple lab assignments. Unit Three - Issues of ethics and rigour in research Evaluate and apply the ethical principles and issues related to research using human participants in their discipline Qualitative research: Demonstrate a critical understanding of the different approaches to qualitative data analysis Apply the skills required to effectively analyse qualitative data, including the use of qualitative analysis software Critically evaluate domain specific methods relevant to their discipline Critically evaluate the approaches used to assess the rigour of qualitative research studies Quantitative research: -284b7 Analysing your data (part two) b7 Research Ethics and Bias. b7 Quantitative data analysis Part two - labs required Includes upfront teaching, group work and tutorials. Also includes further quantitative data analysis within SPSS. Unit Four - Critical Review Understand the development of appropriate questions Obtain knowledge from a variety of sources Critically analyse published literature Summarise main ideas from published literature Communicate competently and effectively on matters within their discipline Understand the requirements and processes involved in disseminating best evidence Communicate competently and effectively 'bottom lines' related to questions and scenarios relevant to their discipline Qualitative Research: -284b7 Critiquing qualitative research papers Quantitative Research -284b7 Critiquing quantitative research papers and projects b7 Building simple models b7 Quantitative data analysis part three - labs required Students will be taught how to critique research papers and projects, build simple quantitative models and perform further quantitative analysis within a lab environment.

Learning Outcomes

At the end of Unit One the student should be able to:- Critically assess the key philosophical perspectives- Discuss and evaluate the different methodologies available to the researcher in their area- Make informed choices regarding theory/methodology in their research- Discuss the philosophical underpinnings to their research question developmentAt the end of Unit Two the student should be able to:- Qualitative research methods:- Demonstrate a detailed knowledge of the different types of non-probability sampling- Demonstrate a critical understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of different methods of data collection in qualitative research- Apply the skills required to effectively gather qualitative data (including researcher as instrument)- Critically evaluate domain specific methods relevant to their discipline - Quantitative research methods:- Demonstrate an understanding of the identification of study variables - Demonstrate a detailed knowledge of the use of surveys- Critically evaluate domain specific methods relevant to their discipline At the end of Unit Three the student should be able to:- Evaluate and apply the ethical principles and issues related to research using human participants in their discipline- Qualitative research:- Demonstrate a critical understanding of the different approaches to qualitative data analysis- Apply the skills required to effectively analyse qualitative data, including the use of qualitative analysis software- Critically evaluate the approaches used to assess the rigour of qualitative research studies- Quantitative research:- Demonstrate a critical understanding of the different approaches to analysing quantitative data- Critically analyse the sources of Research Bias in quantitative research.At the end of Unit Four the student should be able to:- Understand the development of appropriate questions- Obtain knowledge from a variety of sources- Critically analyse published literature- Summarise main ideas from published literature- Communicate competently and effectively on matters within their discipline- Understand the requirements and processes involved in disseminating best evidence- Communicate competently and effectively 'bottom lines' related to questions and scenarios relevant to their discipline

Teaching / Learning Strategy

A range of teaching and learning strategies will be used in the cohort teaching time including lectures, group work, presentations and tutorials, encouraging debate and discussion of the philosophical and ethical issues and different interpretations and limitations of research. At the end of Unit Two, the students will be given two short summative assessments to be handed in, typically three months later, to reinforce their learning. The qualitative research assignment will ask them to identify a research question that could be addressed using a qualitative research methodology and to identify an aim and objectives. They will be asked to write a 1000 word rationale for the selection of a suitable methodology. At the end of Unit Three, the students will be asked to identify a topic related to either quantitative or qualitative research of their own choice and submit or present their work for summative assessment in unit 4. At the end of Unit Four, the students will be asked to identify a topic for critical appraisal. This critically appraised topic will be submitted at a suitable point early in their second year of study.

Indicative Reading

Babbie, E. (2013) (8 th edition) Adventures in social research: data analysis using IBM SPSS statistics. Pine Forge Press. Bell, J. (2014) (6th Edition) Doing your research project: A guide for first-time researchers in education and social science. Buckingham: Open University Press. Bryman, A. (2016) (5 th Edition) Social research methods. UK: Oxford University Press. The Campbell Collaboration <http://www.campbellcollaboration.org/> Cochrane Collaboration open-learning material <http://www.cochrane-net.org/openlearning/> Cohen, L.; Manion, L. and Morrison, K. (2013) (7 th Edition) Research methods in education. London: Routledge. Cresswell, J.W. (2013) (4 th Edition) Research design: qualitative, quantitative and mixed method approaches. London: Sage. Critical appraisal tools <http://www.phru.nhs.uk/casp/critical_appraisal_tools.htm> Howell, D.C. (2016) (7th Edition) Fundamental statistics for the behavioural sciences. London: Plus-Kent Duxbury Press. Field, A. (2013) (4 th Edition) Discovering statistics with SPSS. London: Sage. Fowler, F.J. (2013) (5 th Edition) Survey research methods. London: Sage. Greenhalgh, T. (2010) (4 th Edition) How to read a paper: the basics of evidence based medicine. London: Wiley Blackwell. Jesson, J.K. (2011) Doing your literature review: traditional and systematic techniques. London: Sage. The Joanna Briggs Institute <http://www.joannabriggs.edu.au/about/home.php> Miller, T.; Birch, M.; Mauther, M. and Jessop, J. (Editors) (2012) (2 nd Edition) Ethics in qualitative research. London: Sage. Oakshott, L. (2012) (5 th Edition) Essential quantitative methods: for business, management and finance. London: Palgrave MacMillan. Saunders, M. and Lewis, P. (2014) Doing research in business and management: an essential guide to planning your project. Pearson Higher Education. Shamoo, A.E. and Resnik, D.B. (2009) (2 nd Edition) Responsible conduct of research. Oxford University Press. Silverman, D. (2013) (4 th Edition) Doing qualitative research: a practical handbook. London: Sage. Silverman, D. (2016) (4th Edition) Qualitative research. London: Sage. -284 What is a CAT? <http://www.cebm.net/cat_about.asp>

Transferrable Skills

Students completing this module will further develop the following skills: -284b7 Critical thinking and creativity b7 Problem solving and decision making b7 Cognitive/intellectual skills b7 Knowledge and understanding in the context of the subject b7 Learning style and orientation to learning b7 Time management: organising and planning work b7 Independent and group working b7 Planning, monitoring, reviewing and evaluating own learning and development b7 Information retrieval skills b7 Digital literacy skills b7 Communication skills: written, oral and listening b7 Numeracy skills b7 Ethics and value management b7 Personal effectiveness -284b7 Research skills

Module Structure

Activity Total Hours
Independent Learning (PT) 405.00
Tutorials (PT) 20.00
Assessment (PT) 60.00
Lectures (PT) 25.00
Seminars (PT) 50.00

Assessment Methods

Component Duration Weighting Threshold Description
Course Work 01 n/a 15.00 50% Identification of research question and rationale for use of a particular qualitative methodology, 1500 words
Course Work 02 n/a 15.00 50% Quantitative assignmentIdentification of research question and rationale for use of a particular quantitative methodology, 1500 words
Course Work 03 n/a 30.00 50% 20 minute Presentation
Course Work 04 n/a 40.00 50% Critically appraised topic, 4000 words