SHE Level 4
SCQF Credit Points 0.00
ECTS Credit Points 0.00
Module Code MHB523821
Module Leader Anita Simmers
School School of Health and Life Sciences
Subject Vision Sciences
  • A (September start)

Pre-Requisite Knowledge

M1B522293, Ophthalmic Anatomy & Physiology A; M1B522294, Ophthalmic Anatomy & Physiology B; M1B521880, Refraction and Binocular Vision 1; M2B521593, Refraction and Binocular Vision 2; M3B522380, Abnormal Binocular Vision

Summary of Content

This module aims to extend student's knowledge of incomitant binocular vision anomalies and visual development.


Binocular Anomalies Introduction to the course, its objectives, clinical arrangements, book lists, reference list. Incomitant squint, primary and secondary angles. Sherrington's Law. Actions of Extra Ocular muscles. Methods of investigation: motility, Barlight and Goggles; Hess and Lees Screen Plots. The sequence of ocular palsy. The Bielschowsky Head-TiltTest. The importance of Ocular dominance. Individual muscle palsiesCauses of incomitant strabismus Syndromes in ocular motility The EMG Development of vision, issues of occlusion. Influence of age. Dyslexia Classification, theories, role of optometrist. Visual Development. The eye at birth Refraction in infants Development of visual function Neuronal and cortical development

Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of this module the student should be able to:-- Describe and classify incomitant binocular vision anomalies. - Describe and critically evaluate methods of assessing binocular vision anomalies. - Provide a structured treatment plan incorporating an ongoing evaluation of progress. - Relate and integrate visual processing of sensory adaptations to motor deviations.- Apply knowledge of theory and practice related to epidemiology, pathology and treatment pertaining to progressive visual developmental anomalies. - Critically assess available optometric, medical and therapeutic strategies within an informed, flexible and innovative approach to meet the specific needs of patients having binocular vision problems. - Apply an in-depth knowledge of the fluctuating nature of progressive and regressive binocular vision anomalies to the planning and delivery of appropriate treatment and support packages for sufferers. - Maintain and extend a knowledge of advances in research in this cognate area- Develop a catalytic function in relation to research into and development of innovative treatment modalities.

Teaching / Learning Strategy

This module will consist of lectures and case scenarios. Practical aspects of clinical evaluation in the investigation and management of binocular vision anomalies are covered within labs and clinical placement. The teaching and learning strategy will be to encourage students to synthesize and develop the basic theoretical basis for the management of binocular vision anomalies in such a way as to allow them to apply the knowledge, in a clinical environment, to a variety of patient types. Students will be encouraged to develop their problem solving strategies and techniques to a level which will allow than to adopt a structured reflective approach to the clinical environment.

Indicative Reading

Required Ansons and Davies; Diagnosis and Management of Ocular Motility Disorders Evans B J W Pickwell's Binocular Vision Anomalies 4/eButterworth(2002) Daw N W Visual Development (second edition) Plenum Press (2006) Background Barnard S and Edgar D Paediatric Eye Care Blackwell (1996) Griffin J R and Grisham J D Binocular Anomalies, Diagnosis and Vision Therapy(2002) Leat S J et al Assessing Children's Vision Butterworth(1999) Von Noorden G K Binocular Vision & Ocular Motility 6/eMosby(2002) Butterworth(2004) Harvey W and Gilmartin B Paediatric Optometry Butterworth(2004)

Transferrable Skills

Social, verbal and non-verbal communication skills and interview techniques. Advanced level clinical interactive communication development with patients of all ages. High order transferable skills in information transfer, liason, debate, analysis, evaluation and clinical decision making. Critical interpretation of clinical significance of symptomatology, Clinical evaluation of data leading to diagnostic, management and referral criteria.

Module Structure

Activity Total Hours
Independent Learning (FT) 77.00
Lectures (FT) 18.00
Assessment (FT) 5.00

Assessment Methods

Component Duration Weighting Threshold Description
Exam (Exams Office) 2.00 70.00 40% unseen written paper
Course Work 02 n/a 15.00 n/a 1 video assessment
Course Work 01 n/a 15.00 n/a Class test