SHE Level 5
SCQF Credit Points 15.00
ECTS Credit Points 7.50
Module Code MMH626691
Module Leader Patricia Munoz de Escalona
School School of Computing, Engineering and Built Environment
Subject Mechanical Engineering
  • B (January start)

Pre-Requisite Knowledge

Undergraduate degree in Mechanical Engineering or equivalent

Summary of Content

This module aims to introduce advanced concepts in the area of sustainable materials and manufacturing for Mechanical Engineering students. Needs for sustainable development: guidelines for environmental responsibility Sustainable Materials: An understanding of renewable and recyle materials, their differences and how to use sustainable options in the most effective/optimal way Impact on the environment and economic viability. Life Cycle analysis Techniques to manufacture sustainable materials: Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Simulation for manufacturing: Smart/Virtual/Digital Factories Simulation work: An understanding on how to specify, design and program robots


Sustainable materials: introduction to sustainable materials (reduce, recycle and reuse materials). Their environmental impact and life cycle. Sustainability in manufacturing: Introduction to environmental sustainability of manufacturing. Ecologically?informed materials selection in design/manufacture. Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA): The process of identifying and evaluating the consequences of design or manufacturing activity on the environment and, when appropriate, how to mitigating these. Product/Process Life Cycle Analysis: Compilation and evaluation of the inputs, outputs, and the potential environmental impacts of a product system throughout its life cycle. The comprehensive examination of a product or service's environmental aspects and potential impacts throughout its lifetime, including raw material extraction, transportation, manufacturing, use, and disposal. Simulation for manufacturing: Measures of sustainability in Manufacturing and Productions Lines. Sustainability within Production (Quality concepts applied to sustainability). Sustainable Supply Chains. Creating value for Sustainable Manufacturing. Smart/Virtual/Digital Factories (Introduction to Machine Learning and Neural Networks). Introduction to Digital Twin. Robotic system: digitalised specification of a Robotics system, simulation tools and Program and use a 6 axis Industrial Robot for Industry 4.0 (laboratory)

Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of this module students should be able to:1. Understand concepts involved in sustainable materials and manufacturing process.2. Appreciate the possibilities to reduce environmental impact by design.3. Use analytical tools to assess environmental sustainability and value of manufacturing processes and production lines.4. Understand the concepts of Sustainable Supply Chains.5. Understand how value can be created for Sustainable Manufacturing.6. Production Optimisation, The Digital Twin and Predictive Maintenance.7. Be able to specify and design an Industry 4.0 IoT ready Robotics Manufacturing Cell.8. Understand and specify Robot/ Collaborative robot (Cobots) under Industry 4.0 Including advantages/limitations.9. To be able to produce a digitalised specification of a Robotics system based on simulation tools.

Teaching / Learning Strategy

Each lecture will be reinforced and consolidated through tutorials and labs. Students will be provided with real world engineering problems in order to encoaurage deep learning and critical thinking. Software for material selection and software for automation and robotic control will be used to enhance knowledge in the area. Additional learning resources such as articles, journal papers etc will be uploaded in GCU Learn to encourage more engagement. The assessment of the students will incorporate the use of special software to cover the robotic area as well as incorporation of robots as part of industry 4.0 on real world engineering problems. Students will work in groups to enhance communication skills and teamworability. Individual feedback will be provided to students to reinforce students' learning.

Indicative Reading

-567 Books and articles: -284b7 M. Ashby. Materials and the Environment. Eco-Informed Material Choice. Elsevier, 2013 -284b7 M. Groover, Automation, Production Systems, and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, 5th ed. Lehigh University: Pearson Education, Inc, 2019. b7 C. Hermann, S. Kara, R. Stark, G. Seliger, and J. Bonvoisin, Sustainable Production, Life Cycle Engineering and Management Sustainable Manufacturing Challenges, Solutions and Implementation Perspectives. Cham, Switzerland: Springer Open, 2017 . -284b7 Tao, Fei, Meng Zhang, and A. Y. C. Nee. Digital Twin Driven Smart Manufacturing . London: Academic Press, 2019. -567 Online sources:

Transferrable Skills

By the end of this module students will have gained competence in the following key areas: differences between reduce, recycle and reuse. What to consider for design and manufacturing of sustainable products .

Module Structure

Activity Total Hours
Lectures (FT) 24.00
Practicals (FT) 4.00
Independent Learning (FT) 100.00
Tutorials (FT) 12.00
Assessment (FT) 10.00

Assessment Methods

Component Duration Weighting Threshold Description
Exam 01 2.00 70.00 45% Exam
Course Work 01 n/a 30.00 45% Based on Learning Outcomes