BUILDING AND ENERGY TECHNOLOGY

SHE Level 5
SCQF Credit Points 15.00
ECTS Credit Points 7.50
Module Code MMH225986
Module Leader George Loumakis
School School of Computing, Engineering and Built Environment
Subject Civil Engineering and Environmental Management
Trimester
  • B (January start)

Pre-Requisite Knowledge

Programme Entry Requirements

Summary of Content

Most of our energy needs are provided by conventional resources - fossil fuels and nuclear power - and the challenge facing society is to improve our knowledge and understanding, and to develop technologies to become more energy efficient. The first part of this module examines energy sources and conversion technologies for fossil fuels and nuclear power, along with thermodynamics and energy storage options. The second part of the module will examine the factors that determine energy efficiency of buildings, including properties of the fabric, and heating and ventilation systems. The regulations and standards relevant to these will also be discussed. A simulation software IES VE will be used to allow students modelling of energy effi cient building compliant with current building regulations.

Syllabus

Principles of thermodynamics: First and Second Law and how they affect energy conversion processes. Energy resources: Fossil fuels, radioactive fuels; extraction technologies; nuclear fuel cycle; environmental impacts. Conversion processes: Combustion; boilers, internal combustion engines and other prime movers; thermal power plant; Principles of nuclear power; environmental impacts. Energy storage. Regulations and Standards: Building Regulations and Standards in the UK and other countries; impact of the Energy Performance in Buildings Directive on policies within the UK. Energy efficiency in buildings: Low-energy solutions including passive solar design and 'breathing' walls; Energy models used in Standards; advanced building simulation techniques and software. Thermal comfort: Effect of glazing, thermal mass and ventilation strategies on the control of the internal environment; sensible and latent heat gains. Lighting: Natural and artificial lighting solutions in buildings. HVAC systems: Impact of HVAC systems on the building environment and fabric; energy efficiency, sustainability and CO 2 emissions of different systems.

Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of this module student should be able to:1. Understand the fundamental concepts of thermodynamics, and how these impose limi ts on the effectiveness of energy conversion processes.2. Assess the main conversion technologies for fossil fuels, and determine the principal efficiency criteria.3. Critically describe the main features of nuclear power generation, including the preparation and reprocessing of nuclear fuel.4. Assess the principal environmental impacts of the fossil fuels and nuclear power.5. Analyse the factors which affect energy demand in buildings, including insulation, heating and ventilation requirements, occupancy and renewables.6. Calculate the thermal performance of building details constructed from combinations of materials.7. Apply advanced software to determine the thermal performance of buildings.8. Critically evaluate the criteria for the design of energy efficiency buildings based on appropriate Building Regulations (Scotland, England and Wales, and Northern Ireland).

Teaching / Learning Strategy

Learning and teaching strategies will be developed and implemented, appropriate to students' needs, to enable all students to participate fully in the module. This module will be taught as a series of lectures and seminars, with tutorial sessions to underpin the quantitative parts of the module. Visits to sites of interest and gues t lecturers will be arranged as appropriate. A significant part of the module will be based on software techniques, and therefore computer-based sessions will form a major learning environment. All materials will be made available on GCULearn, and tutors will be available for consultation via e-mail, telephone and in person on campus.

Indicative Reading

Boyle G., B. Everett and J. Ramage (2003) Energy Systems and Sustainability - Power for a Sustainable Future. Oxford University Press in association with the Open University. Hinrichs R.A. and M. Kleinbach (2006). Energy - Its Use and the Environment. Thomson Brookes/Cole. Good Practice Guide GPG388: Combined Heat and Power for Buidings. The Carbon Trust. Environmental design. 7th ed. 2006, Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers, ISBN 0900953969 Conventions for U-value Calculations, B. Anderson. 2006. BRE Report BR 443. Environment and Services, P. Burberry. 8th ed. 1997, Mitchell's building series Addison Wesley Longman, ISBN 0582245214 Building Technical Standards 2017 - Section 6 Energy Energy Consumption Guide 19 Technical Memorandum 46

Transferrable Skills

D1 Manipulate data. D2 Present data in a variety of ways. D3 Use scientific evidence-based methods in the solution of problems. D4 Use a logical approach in solving problems. D5 Be creative and innovative in problem solving. D6 Work with limited or contradictory information. D7 Use general and specialist IT tools. D8 Communicate effectively in a variety of formats. D9 Be prepared for life-long learning. D10 Manage time and other resources.

Module Structure

Activity Total Hours
Independent Learning (FDL) 108.00
Assessment (FT) 18.00
Tutorials (FT) 16.00
Assessment (FDL) 18.00
Lectures (FT) 32.00
Independent Learning (FT) 84.00

Assessment Methods

Component Duration Weighting Threshold Description
Coursework 0.00 50.00 45% Critical Analysis and Review of an upcoming energy technology
Coursework 0.00 50.00 45% IES Simulation - Section 6