SHE Level 5
SCQF Credit Points 15.00
ECTS Credit Points 7.50
Module Code MMC811493
Module Leader Michele Gilluley
School School of Health and Life Sciences
Subject Psychology
  • A (September start)

Summary of Content

Concerned with developing a framework for analysing crime. Moving from introductory session on approaches to studying and understanding criminal behaviour, it then explores a range of relevant factors. Many of t hese will be elaborated further in other modules (such as those on 'Psychological Assessment' and 'Interventions with Offenders'). The module concludes with several topics which encourage the integration of preceding material, a consideration of implications, and recognition of varitions on the biopsychosocial model.


- Theories of crime (inc. psychological, social, criminological and trauma models) - Aggression and violence - Biological and developmental factors - Psychopathy and other personality disorders - Juvenile crime and delinquency - Drugs, alcohol and crime - Mental illness and crime - Learning disabilities and crime - Crime prevention ** - Victims/module review ** Team Seminar

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module, students should be able to describe and appraise critically:- roles of societal and environmental factors and life events on criminal behaviour- models of crime and possible factors linked with offending- links between individual differences and anti-social behaviour across the lifespan;- evidence for biological and developmental influences on anti-social behaviour- pharmacological, psychological and contextual factors in relation to substance use and crime;- the relationship between mental illness, learning disabilities and crime;- juvenile crime and crime committed by women;- patterns in reporting and the impact of crime upon victims;- strategies for crime prevention and reduction, including situational measures and custodial vs. non-custodial options

Teaching / Learning Strategy

Lectures with discussion and exercises. Practical/workshop sessions permitting extended coverage and use of a variety of media and methods. Team seminars involving preparation and presentations by group members. Directed, independent and private study to support and build upon the above. Assessment includes compiling a portfolio on factors involved in offending, with literature summaries, critical appraisals and generation of research proposals; this is intended to provide a focus for study and future reference whilst promoting reflection, critical awareness, and confidence in handling information and ideas.

Indicative Reading

General Adler, J. (2004). Forensic Psychology Concepts, Debates and Practice. Devon, Willan Publishing. Andrews, D.A., & Bonta, J. (2003). The Psychology of Criminal Conduct, Cincinnati, Anderson Publishing co. Blackburn, R. (1996). The Psychology of Criminal Conduct (2 nd edition). Chichester, Wiley. Farrington, D.P. & Coid, J.W. (2007). Early Prevention of Adult Antisocial Behaviour. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press. Flannery, D.J., Vazsonyi, A.T. Waldman, I.D. (2007). The Cambridge Handbook of Violent Behaviour and Aggression. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press. Gannon, T.A., Ward, T, Beech, A.R. and Fisher, D (2007). Aggressive Offenders' Cognition, Chichester , Wiley. Herrenkohl, I.T. (et al)., (2010). Violence in Context: Current Evaluations on Risk, Protection and Prevention. New York, Oxford University Press- Special. Liberman, A. Ed. (2007). The Long View of Crime: A Synthesis of Longitudinal Research. Springer Verlag. Maruna, S & Mann, R (2006). A fundamental attribution error? Rethinking cognitive distortions Legal and Criminological Psychology, 11 (2) 155 - 177. McMurran, M & McGuire, J (2005). Social Problem Solving and Offending: Evidence, evaluation and evolution, New York: Wiley. Morgan, J (2005). Psychology of Aggression Hauppauge, Nova Science Publishers. Palmer, E. J. (2003). Offending Behaviour. Devon, Willan Publishing Rowe, D.C. (2002). Biology and Crime. Los Angeles, USA: Roxbury Publishing Company. Rutter, M. (1997). Nature-nurture integration: The example of antisocial behaviour. American Psychologist, 52, 390-398. Void, G.B., Bernard, T.J., Snipes, J.B. (2002). Theoretical Criminology (5 th edition). New York, Oxford University Press. Walters, G. (2007). The latent structure of the criminal lifestyle: a taxonomic analysis of the lifestyle criminality screening form and psychological inventory of criminal thinking styles, Criminal Justice and Behavior 34(12), 1623 - 1637. Warr, M. (2002). Companions in Crime. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press. Domestic Violence Nicolson, P. (2010). Domestic Violence and Psychology: A Critical Perspective.1st Ed. London, Routledge Ltd. Itzin, C., Taket, A., & Godfrey, S.B. (2010). Domestic and Sexual Violence and Abuse. London, Routledge Ltd. Harne, L., & Radford, J. (2008). Tackling Domestic Violence: Theories , Policies & Practice. Maidenhead, Open University Press. Psychopathy and personality disorder Cooke, D. (2011). Violence risk assessment: things that I have learned so far. In T. Bliesener, A. Beelmann & M. Stemmler (Eds.) (2011). Antisocial Behaviour and Crime: Contributions of Developmental and Evaluation Research to Prevention and Intervention (pp.1-17) Gottinggen Germany, Hogrefe. Cooke, D. & Meechie, C. (2009). Limitations of diagnostic precision and predictive utility in the individual case: A challenge for forensic practice. Law and Human Behaviour, 34, 4, 259-274. Hare, R (1993) Without Conscience: the disturbing world of the psychopaths among us; New York, Pocket Books. Millon, T., Simonsen, E., Birket-Smith, M., Davis, R.D (Eds.). (1998). Psychopathy: Antisocial, Criminal, and Violent Behaviour. New York, Guilford Press. Women and Offending Blannchette, K., & Chelley, L. (2006). The Assessment and Treatment of Women Offenders: An Integrative Perspective, New York: Wiley. Haney, L.A. (2010). Offending Women: Power, Punishment and the Regulation of Desire. London, University of California Press. Sheehan, R., McIvor, G., & Trotter, C. (2007). What Works with Women Offenders. Devon, Willan Publishing. Silvestri, M., & Crowther-Dowey, C. (2008). Gender and Crime, London, Sage Publications Ltd. Drugs, Alcohol and Offending Bennett,T.H., & Holloway,K.R. (2005). Understanding Drugs, Alcohol and Crime. Buckingham, Open University Press. Graham, K. & Homel, R. (2008). Raising the Bar: Preventing aggression in and around bars, pubs and clubs. Devon, Willan Publishing. Hammersley, R. (2008). Drugs and Crime: Theories and Practices. Cambridge, Polity Press. Paoli, L., Greenfied, V.A., & Reuter, E. (2009). The World Heroin Market: Can Supply be Cut? Oxford, Oxford University Press. Shewan, D. and Davies J.B. (eds) (2000). Drug Use and Prisons: An International Perspective. Amsterdam, Harwood Academic. The Development of Offending Behaviours and Juvenile Crime Bradshaw, P. (2005). Terrors and Young Teams: Youth Gangs and Delinquency in Edinburgh in Decker, S. and Weerman, F. (Eds.) Youth Gangs in Europe, Alta Mira Press. Chesney-Lind, M. (2013). The Female Offender: Girls Women and Crime. 3 rd Ed. Thousand Oaks, Sage Publications. Carroll, A. et al., (2009). Adolescent Reputations and Risk. Springer Verlag. Duffy, M.P., & Gillig, S.E. (2004). Teen gangs: A Global View. Greenwood Publishing Group. Farrington, D.P. & Welsh, B.C. (2008). Saving Children from a Life of Crime: Early Risk Factors and Effective Interventions. Oxford, Oxford University Press. Finn-Aage Esbensen (et al)., (2010). Youth Violence, Philadelphia, Temple University Press. Gibson, C.L. & Krohn, M.D. (2012). Handbook of Life-Course Criminology: Emerging Trends and Directions for Future Research. Springer. Giodarno, P.C. (2010). Legacies of Crime: A Follow-up of the Children of Highly Delinquent Girls and Boys. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press. Lober, R. Hoeve, S., Slot, W., van der Lan, P. (2012). Persisters and Desisters in Crime from Adolescence into Adulthood: Explanation, Prevention and Punishment . Surrey, Ashgate Publishing Ltd. Moffitt, T.E., Caspi, A., Rutter, M., Silva, P.A. (2001). Sex Differences in Antisocial Behaviour. Cambridge,Cambridge University Press. Sanders, B. (2005). Youth Crime and Youth Culture in the Inner City. London, Routledge. Thornberry, al., (2007). Gangs and Delinquency in Developmental Perspective. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press. Wood, J.L. & Gannon, T.A. (Eds.) (2013). Crime and Crime Reduction: The Importance of Group Processes. Sussex, Routledge. Mental Illness and Offending Lindsay, W.R. Taylor, J.L. & Strong, P. (2004) Offenders with Developmental Disabilities, John Wiley and Sons Ltd. Otto, R.K. & Douglas, K.S. (ed) (2010). Handbook of violence risk assessment. Routledge: Taylor & Francis Group. Maden, T. (2007). Treating violence: A guide to risk management in mental health. Oxford: Oxford University Press McMurran, M. Khalifa, N. & Gibbon, S. (2008). Forensic Mental Health. Devon, Willan Publishing Webster, C.S. & Hucker, S.J. (2007). Violence risk: assessment and management. Wiley-Blackwell. Monahan, J., Steadman, H. J., Silver, E., Appelbaum, P. S., Robbins, P. C., Mulvey, E. P., Roth, L., Grisso, T., & Banks, S. (2001). Rethinking risk assessment: The MacArthur study of mental disorder and violence. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Sex Offenders Rich P. (2006). Attachment and Sexual Offending. John Wiley & Sons. Salek, F.M. Ed. (2009) Sex Offenders: Identity, Risk, Asessment, Treatment and Legal Issues., Oxford, Oxford University Press. Marshall W.L. (et al) Eds. (2006). Sexual Offender Treatment. John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Ward,

Transferrable Skills

Transferable skills include: analysis and synthesis of complex relationships; organisation and communication within a team.

Module Structure

Activity Total Hours
Lectures (FT) 12.00
Practicals (FT) 6.00
Practicals (PT) 6.00
Independent Learning (FT) 106.00
Seminars (PT) 6.00
Assessment (FT) 20.00
Assessment (PT) 20.00
Seminars (FT) 6.00
Independent Learning (PT) 106.00
Lectures (PT) 12.00

Assessment Methods

Component Duration Weighting Threshold Description
Coursework 0.00 100.00 50% report 5000 words