PRINCIPLES OF PRACTICE IN MEDICAL ULTRASOUND

SHE Level 5
SCQF Credit Points 30.00
ECTS Credit Points 15.00
Module Code MMB824475
Module Leader Elaine Gardiner
School School of Health and Life Sciences
Subject Diagnostic Imaging
Trimester
  • B (January start)

Pre-Requisite Knowledge

Professional qualification in health care discipline

Summary of Content

This core module combines two distinct strands of ultrasound practice and is weighted equally - i.e. 50% of the module addresses the science and technology supporting ultrasound practice and 50% addresses ultrasound professional issues. A sound foundation in science and instrumentation technology is of fundamental importance and underpins the ultrasound programme. This module will provide an in-depth knowledge and understanding of the physical principles of ultrasound required to perform examinations in a safe and competent manner. The module is designed to actively promote the application of these principles to the available instrumentation; Enabling the student to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of image appraisal and optimisation. The role of quality control and performance checks and recent technological innovations will also form an integral part of the content of this module. Ultrasound practitioners are legally accountable for their professional actions and this module provides in-depth knowledge and understanding of the clinical governance and professional principles that relate to medical ultrasound practice.

Syllabus

-360b7 Review of current relevant national, international and local legislation, healthcare policy and professional guidelines -360b7 Principles of ultrasound physics and Doppler imaging b7 Ultrasound generation b7 Propagation in tissue b7 Interactions and attenuation b7 Ultrasound safety and bioeffects b7 Image processing and recording b7 Image analysis and report writing b7 Quality Assurance and audit b7 Emerging ultrasound technologies b7 Ergonomics b7 Clinical governance, medico-legal issues and health-care ethics b7 Professional conduct and accountability b7 Patient care, duty of care and consent

Learning Outcomes

On completion of the module the student should be able to:1. Evidence an in-depth knowledge and critical evaluation of the physical and technological principles and processes of medical ultrasound2. Critically evaluate and appraise current ultrasound equipment, emerging technologies and associated quality assurance procedures in the selection of new or replacement ultrasound systems3. Illustrate a critical understanding of safety issues relating to medical ultrasound staff and service users4. Critically evaluate, in line with current legislation, the implications for practice including medico-legal issues, associated with ultrasound image acquisition, interpretation, storage and transmission5. Critically review and consolidate knowledge and understanding of current legal, ethical and professional principles that underpin medical ultrasound practice

Teaching / Learning Strategy

The teaching and learning strategy involves a range of student-centred, blended learning methods. These include key note lectures, tutorials, directed and self-directed study, and group work. GCU Learn, a virtual learning environment, where all learning materials can be accessed, offers a forum for exchange of information and ideas with the intention of broadening the learning experience. It encourages students to become autonomous, reflective learners, who assume responsibility for their own academic progress and evaluate information from a diverse range of sources. Peer support will be provided through the wider student group within the Medical Ultrasound Programme. Practical experimental sessions will be utilised to ensure that theory and practice are embedded in the learning process. Practical sessions with opportunity for hands-on practice using ultrasound equipment will be employed to enhance this learning model. Contributions by specialists in their field will be made throughout this module.

Indicative Reading

Texts: Buka P. 2015, Patients' Rights, Law and Ethics for Nurses: a practical guide , 2 nd edn. CRC Press, Boca Raton. Garret TM, Ballie HM, Garrett RM. 2009, Health Care Ethics: Principles and Problems , 5th edn, Pearson Education Gibbs V, Cole D, Sassano A (2010) Ultrasound Physics and Technology, How, Why and When. Churchill Livingstone, Elsevier Jackson C and Thurgate C. 2011, Workplace Learning in Health and Social Care: a student's guide , Open University Press, Maidenhead. Kremkau F W 2016 9th ed Sonography Principles and Instruments Elsevier, Missouri Langton CM. 2009, Principles and Applications of Ultrasound, Taylor and Francis Publishing Moss B. (2015), Communication Skills in Health and Social Care, Sage Publishing, London Rolfe G, Jasper M, Freshwater D (2011) Critical Reflection in Practice, Palgrave Macmillan Publishing Taylor BJ. 2011, Reflective Practice for Healthcare Professionals, 3rd edn, Open University Press, Maidenhead. ter Haar, G., Duck, F.A. 3rd Ed (2012) The Safe Use of Ultrasound in Medical Diagnosis. London: British Medical Ultrasound Society/British Institute of Radiology. Walsh T (2010) Solution focused Helper: Ethics and Practice in Health and Social Care. Mcgraw-Hill Education Electronic sources: SCoR/BMUS (2015) Guidelines for professional ultrasound practice Available online : <https://www.sor.org/sites/default/files/document-versions/ultrasound_guidance.pdf> BMUS safety guidelines <http://www.bmus.org/policies-guides/pg-safetystatements.asp> http://www.soundergonomics.com http://www.medical.devices.gov.uk http://www.doh.gov.uk/ Journals Appropriate Professional Journals

Transferrable Skills

Participation in this module will enable students to develop transferable skills associated with Masters level study, including: -360b7 Work in a self-directed manner, taking responsibility for own learning and personal development and where appropriate practice competence. -360b7 Develop study and ICT skills; information literacy, data literacy, media literacy and digital research and scholarship to underpin effective learning. b7 Develop knowledge and understanding in the context of a subject, which can be transferred within different clinical contexts. b7 Demonstrate critical thinking and problem solving skills in a range of situations. b7 Development of presentation and advanced communication written oral and listening skills. b7 Underpin professional development through integration of knowledge and theory.

Module Structure

Activity Total Hours
Independent Learning (PT) 227.00
Assessment (PT) 25.00
Lectures (PT) 24.00
Tutorials (PT) 20.00
Practicals (PT) 4.00

Assessment Methods

Component Duration Weighting Threshold Description
Exam 01 2.00 50.00 50% Unseen paper
Course Work 01 n/a 50.00 50% Essay 2500 words