GENERAL MEDICAL ULTRASOUND

SHE Level 5
SCQF Credit Points 30.00
ECTS Credit Points 15.00
Module Code MMB824473
Module Leader Morgyn Sneddon
School School of Health and Life Sciences
Subject Diagnostic Imaging
Trimesters
  • A (September start)-B (January start)-C (May start)
  • B (January start)-C (May start)-A (September start)

Pre-Requisite Knowledge

Professional qualification in health care discipline Co Requisite: MMB824475 - Principles of Practice in Medical Ultrasound

Summary of Content

This theory/practice module enables students to achieve clinical competency in General Medical ultrasound by delivering the theory underpinning General Medical ultrasound imaging whilst students concurrently engage in clinical practice. The module learning enables the student to develop: -360 - in-depth knowledge and critical understanding of the anatomy, physiology and pathology associated with the relevant abdominal, pelvic and superficial structures. -358b7 Have a comprehensive understanding of techniques applicable for medical ultrasound investigation for the abdominal, pelvic and superficial structures b7 critical awareness in synthesizing information and evaluative skills for the competent and safe performance of ultrasound examinations of the abdominal, pelvic and superficial structures -360 - technical expertise in medical ultrasound of the abdominal, pelvic and superficial structures being able to perform examinations competently with precision and effectiveness and be able to adapt these skills as required in complex situations. A learning plan will be compiled by the student in collaboration with their mentor and the module leader to map a structured learning process in the clinical environment to fulfil the standardised assessment methods. This approach will enable students to attain achievement of competency to practice in General medical ultrasound through a robust and standardised assessment strategy, which meet professional practice recommendations.

Syllabus

The standard Ultrasound syllabus of work is essential to demonstrate competency to practice in the student's defined area of Ultrasound practice. All students will engage with the syllabus and will focus their participation with this content in the context of General medical ultrasound practice. -360b7 Developing a learning contract -360b7 Reflection b7 Relevant information retrieval, critical evaluation of literature b7 Review of current relevant international, national and local legislation, healthcare policy and professional guidelines b7 Communication and counselling skills; breaking bad news b7 Physical and psychological care of service users b7 Patient presentation, preparation and use of chaperones b7 Clinical history and clinical examination of the patient, clinical investigations and implications for Ultrasound examination b7 Selection, evaluation and safe use of ultrasound equipment, prevention of risk to the patient, self and others b7 Image appraisal and reporting b7 Professional conduct and accountability b7 Applied Abdominal, pelvic and superficial structure systemic anatomy and pathophysiology b7 Embryology and physiology of the reproductive process b7 Scanning Methods for abdominal, pelvic and superficial structures b7 Ultrasound Directed Procedures in Ultrasound Practice, b7 Use and Applications of Ultrasound Contrast Agents, b7 Use of Doppler Ultrasound b7 Complementary Imaging. b7 Ultrasound appearances - (normal and pathological of): -360b7 liver, gall bladder, spleen, pancreas, -360b7 kidneys and adrenal glands, b7 male and female genitourinary system, b7 gynaecology b7 abdominal aorta and IVC, b7 superficial structures b7 retroperitoneal structures.

Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of this module students should be able to:1. Critically reflect on the effectiveness of local General Medical ultrasound services to determine development or enhancement opportunities.2. Analyse the needs of service users, reflecting critically on their communication skills and the level of care provided.3. Demonstrate in-depth knowledge and critical understanding of relevant anatomy, physiology and pathology associated with General Medical ultrasound.4. Demonstrate the complex skills necessary to plan and perform high-quality General Medical ultrasound examinations, safely, competently and professionally according to the evidence base.5. Interpret, critically analyse and report upon the ultrasound findings to contribute to case management according to evidence base.6. Critically reflect on how achievement of the learning outcomes enhanced own practice or service.

Teaching / Learning Strategy

The teaching and learning strategy involves a range of student-centred, blended learning methods. These include key note lectures, tutorials, directed and self-directed study, group work, clinical supervision and practice based learning. Peer support will also be provided through the wider student group within the Medical Ultrasound Programme. Students will be required to undertake formative assessment as part of the teaching and learning strategy in both the academic and practice based setting. Practice based learning is an integral part of the module and will take place at the students' workplace or placement site. All students must therefore, have access to a suitable clinical placement and clinical mentor who has the necessary skills and experience to assess final competence in General Medical ultrasound. Tutorials led by the clinical mentor or practice education team are encouraged to problem solve and reflect on practice. The goal of training is competency and this must be demonstrated rather than a rigid adherence to fixed number of training scans/hours. However, in line with CASE recommendations, students are expected to undertake supervised ultrasound examinations for at least 14 hours per week for the duration of the module. All students must have access to a Clinical Mentor who has the necessary skill and experience to assess final competence in the student's specialist area.

Indicative Reading

Texts: Allan PL, Baxter GM, Weston MJ (2011), Clinical Ultrasound, Expert Consult Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh Bates, JA, (2010), Abdominal Ultrasound How Why and When : Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh Chudleigh, P. Smith, A and Cumming S. (2016), Obstetric and Gynaecological Ultrasound: How, Why and When . 4 th ed. Elsevier Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh. Rolfe, G. (2011), Critical reflection in practice: Generating knowledge for care, 2 nd ed, Palgrave Macmillan, London. SCoR and BMUS (2015), Guidelines for Professional Ultrasound Practice, available on-line at <https://www.bmus.org/policies-statements-guidelines/professional-guidance/guidelines-for-professional-ultrasound-practice/> Thrush A, Hartshore T, (2009 ) Vascular Ultrasound. Elsevier Health Sciences, Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh ter Haar G and Duck FA. (2012) The Safe Use of Ultrasound in Medical Diagnosis, 3rd ed, British Institute of Radiology, London. Websites: <http://www.bmus.org> <http://www.cochrane.org> <http://www.dh.gov.uk> <http://evidence-based-medicine.co.uk> <http://fetalanomaly.screening.nhs.uk> <http://fetalmedicine.org/fmf> <http://www.rcog.org.uk> <http://www.soundergonomics.com> Bloom's taxonomy (verbs) <http://www.clinton.edu/curriculumcommittee/listofmeasurableverbs.cxml>

Transferrable Skills

Participation in this module will enable the student to develop transferable skills associated with Masters level study including: -360b7 Working in a self-directed manner, taking responsibility for own learning and personal development and where appropriate practice competence. b7 Developing study and ICT skills; information literacy, media literacy, digital creation, and digital research and scholarship to underpin effective learning. -360b7 Developing knowledge and understanding in the context of a subject, which can be transferred within different clinical settings. b7 Demonstrate critical thinking and problem solving skills in a range of situations. b7 Developing communication skills, written, oral, listening, and presentational. b7 Evidencing enhanced cognitive, affective and psychomotor skills b7 Underpin professional practice through: the integration of theory with practice; Reflection on practice and reflection in practice; Structuring of professional development activities; Depth of practice knowledge.

Module Structure

Activity Total Hours
Placement 150.00
Tutorials (PT) 20.00
Practicals (PT) 20.00
Assessment (PT) 25.00
Lectures (PT) 25.00
Independent Learning (PT) 60.00

Assessment Methods

Component Duration Weighting Threshold Description
Course Work 01 n/a 30.00 50% Coursework (2000 words)
Exam (Dept) 01 1.00 40.00 50% eXAM
Course Work 02 n/a 30.00 50% Coursework (2000 words)
Course Work 03 n/a 0.00 45% Evidence of clinical competency.