HEALTH RELATED ACTIVITY AND FITNESS

SHE Level 5
SCQF Credit Points 15.00
ECTS Credit Points 7.50
Module Code MMB124160
Module Leader Kirsty Marks
School School of Health and Life Sciences
Subject Physiotherapy
Trimester
  • B (January start)-C (May start)

Summary of Content

The purpose of the module is to allow students to acquire a deeper, more critical understanding of the potential role of physical activity and exercise in enabling people to attain their optimal level of health and well-being while reducing the risk of chronic diseases and functional decline. It will examine both the preventative and therapeutic benefits of exercise and activity and will encompass issues pertinent to the general population across the lifespan and also to specific populations. It will encourage students to critically appraise the effectiveness of various interventions to promote physical activity participation and adherence within both community and clinical settings. It will adopt an evidence-based approach with respect to the theoretical components and will also include the development of practical skills in relation to the measurement of physical activity and fitness and delivery of certain exercise components.

Syllabus

The syllabus will include the following: Literature searching, critical evaluation and appraisal of literature, concepts of physical activity and physical fitness; physical and mental health benefits associated with activity / fitness and issues related to the dose-response relationship; health related physical activity guidelines for different age groups; trends in activity participation throughout the lifespan; effects of age-related changes on physical and mental well-being; effects of regular activity on the ageing process; methods of monitoring physical activity; methods to assess aerobic fitness; facilitators, barriers and motivational factors influencing adoption of an active lifestyle and exercise adherence; evidence linking specific dosages (mode, intensity , frequency) of physical activity and exercise and its progression to specific physical and mental health benefits across the lifespan for preventative and therapeutic purposes, including functional independence.

Learning Outcomes

At the end of the module students should be able to:1. identify and Analyse the current research literature on the potential mechanisms relating physical activity and physical fitness to aspects of physical and psychosocial health.2.Critically evaluate the barriers to the adoption of physical activity at different life stages and within different settings.3.Critically evaluate the evidence for interventions to enhance participation and adherence to physical activity.4. Critically appraise the validity and suitability of various subjective and objective methods for measuring physical activity. 5. Critically evaluate the suitability of a variety of different testing protocols to assess cardio-respiratory fitness for different subjects.6. Implement appropriate and repeatable assessment of cardio-respiratory fitness and interpret the results.7. Interpret and critically appraise the current research literature linking specific physical activity / exercise prescriptions to specific health benefits in people of different ages and with selected chronic conditions.8. Design appropriate evidence-based physical activity/ exercise programmes for selected client groups and health conditions.9. Demonstrate key principles of exercise leadership and the ability to critically reflect on performance.10. Critically analyse and explain the effects of the ageing process on physical and psycho-social health.11. Critically evaluate the impact of exercise and activity on specific age-related changes.

Teaching / Learning Strategy

A variety of teaching strategies will be used with the emphasis on encouraging students to adopt a critical approach to their learning. Students will be expected to identify relevant literature and critically evaluate and appraise the evidence regarding the use of exercise and activity to achieve specified health outcomes within different populations .The teaching / learning strategies used will include: tutorials to introduce new material and facilitate the ability to literature search and undertake the critical appraisal of relevant literature; interactive tutorials and seminars for which students utilising a flipped classroom approach whereby students will be expected to have undertaken independent study / directed work that is contextualised within the classroom setting; individual and group presentation of material; task orientated group work. Practical sessions will be used to develop skills required for aspects of fitness assessment, exercise delivery and exercise leadership.

Indicative Reading

Bruning, R.S., Sturek, M., 2015. Benefits of Exercise Training on Coronary Blood Flow in Coronary Artery Disease Patients. Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases. 57(5), pp. 443-453. Chartered Society of Physiotherapy, 2011. Code of Members' Professional Values and Behaviour. CSP: London, [Online]. Available at: <http://www.csp.org.uk/publications/code-members-professional-values-behaviour> [Accessed 26th June 2013]. Chartered Society of Physiotherapy, 2012 Information paper: Record Keeping guidance PD061, CSP London,[Online], Available at <http://www.csp.org.uk/publications/record-keeping-guidance> . [Accessed 26th June 2013]. Chartered Society of Physiotherapy, 2013a. Quality Assurance Standards for Physiotherapy Service Delivery. CSP London [Online], Available at <http://www.csp.org.uk/publications/quality-assurance-standards> . [Accessed 11 th October 2013]. Chartered Society of Physiotherapy , 2013b. Practice Education: guidance, Support and Information. CSP London [Online], Available at <https://v3.pebblepad.co.uk/v3portfolio/csp/Asset/View/6jqbh3H5jdtc49hjMZs576jZWZ/6jqbh3H5jdtc5hmGbm5rkr9H3y> . [Accessed 11 th October 2013]. Chodzko-Zaijko W.J., Proctor D.N., Fiatarone Singh M.A., Minson C.T., Nigg C.R., Salem G.J., Skinner J.S. 2009 Exercise and physical activity for older adults. ACSM Position Stand. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 1510-1530. Colberg S.R., Albright A.L., Blissmer B.J., Braun B., Chasan-Taber L., Fernhall B. et al. 2010 Exercise and Type 2 Diabetes. ACSM and ADA Joint Position Statement. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. Donnelly J., Blair S.N., Jakicic J.M., Manore M.M., Rankin J.W., Smith B.K. 2009 ACSM Position Stand: Appropriate activity intervention strategies for weight loss and prevention of weight regain for adults. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 41: 459-471. HallaL, P.C., et al. Global physical activity levels: surveillance progress, pitfalls, and prospects. The Lancet. 380(9838), pp. 247-257. Health and Care Professions Council, 2016. Standards of conduct, performance and ethics. HCPC: London, [Online]. Available at: <http://www.hcpc-uk.org/publications/standards/index.asp?id=38> . [Accessed 11 th Febuary 2016]. Health and Care Professions Council, 2013. Standards of Proficiency - Physiotherapists. HCPC London [Online], Available at http://www.hpc-uk.org/publications/index.asp?id=49#publicationSearchResults <http://www.hpc-uk.org/publications/index.asp?id=49> . [Accessed 11 th October 2013]. Janssen I. and LeBlanc A.G. 2010 Systematic review of the health benefits of physical activity and fitness in school-aged children and youth. International Journal of Behavioural Nutrition and Physical Activity. Kirk-Sanchez, N.J., Mcgough, E.L., 2014. Physical exercise and cognitive performance in the elderly: current perspectives. Clin Interv Aging. 9 pp. 51-62. Lee L-L., Watson M.C., Mulvaney C.A., Tsai C-C., Lo S-F. 2010 The effect of walking interventions on blood pressure control: a systematic review. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 47: 1545-1561. Mead G. and van Wijck F. (Eds) 2012 Exercise after stroke: a handbook for evidence-based practice. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier. Muller-Riemenschneider F., Reinhold T., Nocon M., Willich S.N. 2008 Long-term effectiveness of interventions promoting physical activity: a systematic review. Preventive Medicine, 47: 354-368. Nordstrom A., Tervo T., Hogstrom S. 2011 The effect of physical activity on bone accrual, osteoporosis and fracture prevention. The Open Bone Journal, 3: 11-21. Samitz G., Egger M., Zwahlen M. 2011 Domains of physical activity and all-cause mortality: systematic review and dose response meta-analysis of cohort studies. International Journal of Epidemiology, 40:1382-1400. Sharma H., Bulley C., van Wijck F. 2012 Experiences of an exercise referral scheme from the perspective of people with chronic stroke: a qualitative study. Physiotherapy, 98: 341-348. Sherrington C., Tiedemann A., Fairhall N., Close J.C.T., Lord S.R. 2011 Exercise to prevent falls in older adults: an updated meta-analysis and best practice recommendations. NSW Public Health Bulletin, 22 (3-4): 78-83. World Health Organisation 2010 Global Recommendations on Physical Activity for Health. WHO Geneva [online] Available at: <http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2010/9789241599979_eng.pdf>

Transferrable Skills

Participation within this module will enable students to acquire the following transferable skills: exercise leadership; time management; group work and negotiation; physical activity and aerobic fitness measurement procedures; communication; presentations; peer teaching; independent study; accessing a variety of information sources; literature searching; critical reading, literature appraisal and synthesis; organisational skills; peer teaching and peer feedback; critical reflection; evaluating CPD needs, CPD planning & documenting CPD activities.

Module Structure

Activity Total Hours
Seminars (FT) 15.00
Assessment (FT) 15.00
Practicals (FT) 33.00
Independent Learning (FT) 87.00

Assessment Methods

Component Duration Weighting Threshold Description
Coursework 1 0.00 30.00 45% Group Poster
Coursework 2 0.00 70.00 45% Group Excercise Class (Presentation)