SHE Level 4
SCQF Credit Points 20.00
ECTS Credit Points 10.00
Module Code MHL426544
Module Leader Katy Proctor
School Glasgow School for Business and Society
Subject Sociology
  • B (January start)

Pre-Requisite Knowledge

Level 3 Criminology Module or equivalent

Summary of Content

This module addresses the complexities of defining, recognising and challenging violence as a criminological concept and considers the context, meanings and purpose behind acts of violence. Violence will be discussed within the context of modernity, power and control, physical and non-physical acts and the ways in which it is perpetrated and utilised. Students will learn about concepts such as symbolic violence, collective violence, state sanctioned violence, and political violence. This will allow students to debate and critically assess whether there is any just and appropriate use of violence. The module will also consider the role of criminologists in challenging dominant perspectives that have been critiqued as being blind to gender, race and ethnicity, sexuality and other protected characteristics. Summary of how PRME-related issues / topics are covered in this module: This module incorporates the six principles of PRME; purpose, values, method, research, partnership, and dialogue. By discussing the context, purpose and impact of violence in many of its forms, students will be encouraged to consider the organised and episodic use of violence from the perspective of social responsibility and ethics.


Substantive Themes Include; Understanding the concept of violence Theoretical Perspectives on Violence Perpetration Violence, Power and Control Types of Violence Media Portrayal of Violence Criminal Justice Responses to Violence (law, policing, prosecution, sentencing and punishment) Rehabilitation and Recidivism in Violent Crime Approaches to Violence Prevention

Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of this module, the student should be able to:1 Critically analyse the context in which different types of violence are used, justified and motivated.2 Compare and contrast different types of physical and non-physical violence as perpetrated against individuals and groups as well as nationally and internationally.3 Illustrate the use of violence as a function of power and control as perpetrated by individuals, the state and agents of the state, corporations and others.4 Recognise and evaluate the outcomes of the use of violence for perpetrators and maintaining inequalities.5 Evaluate state responses to violence including criminal justice responses (law, policing, prosecution, sentencing and punishment.)6 Critically analyse rehabilitation and recidivism in violent crime and approaches to violence prevention.7 Critically analyse the media portrayal of the perpetrators of violence.

Teaching / Learning Strategy

The teaching for this module will utilise lectures and seminars. Lectures will be presented weekly. Two hour seminars will be delivered every two weeks and will present opportunities for students to engage in group work, discussion and independent learning, online and in person. Assessment will consist of coursework and an exam.

Indicative Reading

-567 Books and articles: Alexander, M. (2012) The New Jim Crow. Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness. The New Press. Allport, G.W. (1979) The Nature of Prejudice. 25 th Anniversary Edition. Basic Books. Alvarez, A. and Backman, R.D. (2020) Violence; The Enduring Problem. Fourth Edition. SAGE. Avelar, I. (2004) The Letter of Violence Essays on Narrative, Ethics, and Politics. Palgrave McMillan. Besteman, C.L. (2002) Violence: A Reader. New York University Press. Bhopal, K. (2018) White Privilege. The Myth of a Post Racial Society. Policy Press. Bohm, R.M. (2017) Deathquest. An introduction to the theory and practice of capital punishment in the United States. Fifth Edition. Routledge. Bufacchi, V. (2007) Violence and Social Justice. Palgrave McMillan. Chomsky, N. (1992) Deterring Democracy. Vintage. Engle Merry, S. (2009) Gender and Violence; A Cultural Perspective. Wiley-Blackwell. Herman, E.S. and Chomsky, N. (1994) Manufacturing Consent; The Political Economy of the Mass Media. Vintage. Loucks, N., Smith Holt, S., Adler, J.R. (eds.) (2020) Why We Kill. Understanding Violence Across Cultures and Disciplines. 2 nd Edition. Routledge. Melvern, L.R. (2000) A People Betrayed; The role of the West in Rwanda's genocide. NEAP. O'Toole, L.L, Schiffman, J.R., Edwards, M.L.K. (2007) Gender Violence: Interdisciplinary Perspectives. New York University Press. Poyser, S., Nurse, A. and Milne, R. (2018) Miscarriages of Justice; Causes, consequences and remedies. Key Themes in Policing. Policy Press. -567 Ray, L. (2018) Violence and Society. 2 nd Edition . SAGE. Reiman, J.R. and Leighton, P. (2017) The Rich Get Richer and the Poor Get Prison; Ideology, Class, and Criminal Justice. Eleventh Edition. Routledge. -567 -22 Renzetti, C.M., Edleson, J.L., and Bergen, R.K. (eds.) (2017) Sourcebook on Violence Against Women. Third Edition. SAGE. Ross, J.I. (2012) An Introduction to Political Crime. The Policy Press. Power, S. (2003) A Problem from Hell; America and the Age of Genocide. Flamingo. Stanko, E.A. (ed.) (2003) The Meanings of Violence. Routledge. Trend, D. (2007) The Myth of Media Violence; A Critical Introduction. Malden, MA: Blackwell Pub. Tyson, T.B. (2017) The Blood of Emmett Till. Simon and Schuster Paperbacks. -567 Journals Aggression and Violent Behaviour British Journal of Criminology Criminal Justice Matters Criminal Justice Studies Homicide Studies Journal of International Criminal Justice Punishment and Society Victims and Offenders Online sources: Amnesty International - <> Open Democracy - <> PRIO - <> Statewatch - <> Violence Prevention Alliance - <> Violence Reduction Unit - <>

Transferrable Skills

By the end of this module students will have gained competence in the following key areas: Independent decision making and self-reflection. Advanced critical thinking and analysis. The ability to engage in independent learning and group work. The ability to consider and analyse real-world issues from different perspectives. Discussing controversial and sensitive issues in a constructive manner. Good communication skills. The ability to apply theory and analysis to real-world events and identify inequalities. Use problem solving skills to further social justice and social responsibility.

Module Structure

Activity Total Hours
Assessment (FT) 18.00
Lectures (FT) 24.00
Independent Learning (FT) 146.00
Seminars (FT) 12.00

Assessment Methods

Component Duration Weighting Threshold Description
Course Work 02 n/a 50.00 n/a 2 questions - 1000 each question
Course Work 01 n/a 50.00 n/a 2000 essay