SHE Level 4
SCQF Credit Points 20.00
ECTS Credit Points 10.00
Module Code MHK222235
Module Leader Gordon Henderson
School School of Computing, Engineering and Built Environment
Subject Construction and Surveying
  • A (September start)

Pre-Requisite Knowledge

M3K220824 - Construction Technology 3 M3K222234 - Building Inspection Studies

Summary of Content

Design maintenance and improvement of existing buildings (envelopes and interior spaces): Agency, Evaluation and Retrofit Technologis Performance requirements for the modern external envelop External envelopes as a response to environmental climate. The external envelop as a selective filter. External envelop design & solutions including retrofitting / facade & 'Outsulation' upgrades Maintenance issues associated with modern external envelopes. Sustainable & ecological building technologies (within framework of Grimshaws 4 S's):Definition. The environmental context and the design imperative. Retaining value through intervention / Improvement, Refurbishment & Refitting as a sustainability issue - promoting principles of 'Retainability ' The role of the construction professional as an expert witness, (particularly building surveyors). Professional Agency, legal matters of engagement through dilapidations / Landlord & Tenant arrangements (Scott Schedules) Duty of care/ diligence. Planned preventative maintenance cycles, budgets, stock surveys, asset management audits / maintenance management theory & Modelling / Individual property maintenance schedules. Statutory Compliance/ Planning & Building Control(Acting as Agent) Condition Surveys/Single Survey/Home Report. Critical analysis of problematic existing building design issues , Internal layout / change of use, fire security / means of escape, disabled access and amenity provisions (Building Standards Scotland, NHBC & DDA criteria). Regulatory compliance and engagement with technical standards / approved details from perspective of designer(agent) and verifier building control. Continuous Improvement of standards and link with sustainability and energy conservation.


Design technologies of modern building envelopes : and maintenance / adaptation of existing buildings Performance requirements for the external envelop - within framework of Grimshaw's 4 S's Skin, structure, scenery and services - interfacial relationships. External envelopes as a response to climate - quantitative measures of exposure. The external envelop as a selective filter. The problem of the joint - the joint as a source of loss of servicability, maintenance. External envelop solutions: Curtain walling - including advanced glass facades, electrochromic glass Double skin facades. Intelligent skins. Maintenance issues associated with: Legal Matters/Landlord/Tenant (Duty of Care in terms of Agency) Cladding systems (masonry, metal cladding, concrete cladding etc.) Infill panel systems, Curtain walling, Metal cladding including use of overcladding. Roofs. Large Span Technologies - including domes, tensegrity structures, cable stayed. Green roofs and roof gardens. Dilapidations. Condition Surveys, Scott Schedules - Negotiation The role of the Construction Professional as Expert Witness - particularly the building surveyor. Maintenance Management Theory, Planned Cycles/Budget Control/Stock Surveys/Asset Management Audits/Contracts Legislation Sustainable building technologies (within framework of Grimshaws 4 S's): Green issues. Preventing premature obsolescence of buildings. Refurbishment and (conservation) as a sustainabilty issue.Low energy design. Embodied energy Fabric energy storage. The existing building stock & retro fit - revitalizing solutions. Electrical autonomy - photovoltaics, wind power, energy recovery to extend the knowledge from Level 3. Examples and coverage of existing building design problems, typical issues with Internal layout, proposed change of use and compliance with fire security / means of escape, disabled access and amenity provision regulations . Regulatory compliance and engagement with technical standards / approved details from perspective of designer(agent) and verifier building control. The notion of continuous improvement of standards and link with sustainability including energy conservation.

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module the student should be able to:1. Understand notions of design development, maintenance, intervention and improvement of properties through re-use of existing buildings leading to a transformational change to secure beneficial occupation and compliance with ever changing standards:2. Provide analytical commentary and assessment of modern envelope technologies & materials3. Assess, from multiple perspectives, but in particular the issue of sustainability (through existing building adaptation & improvement), the factors which influence design and construction via modern retrofit solutions to both external envelopes and internal spaces, including their maintenance. (A1, A2, A3, A6) - Assessment type I4. Critically and dianoetically appraise existing buildings together with utilization of future proofing solutions towards notions of improvement and beneficial occupation. (B1,B2, B3, B5, B6 ,C1, C2,C3,C4, C6) - Assessment type A5. Demonstrate that, often, there can be multiple, viable solutions to problematic issues relating to existing property design layout and selection of external envelope solutions leading to improvements by means of 3D Laser Survey and Modelling, CPI + BIM. (B1,B5, B6) -Assessment type I6. Sustainable & Ecological building technologies:7. Dianoetically apply the concept of sustainability to the specification of materials and components in modern buildings (C1,C2,C4,C6) - Assessment type I, III and IV8. Understand the principles of undertaking a Home Buyer Report, Maintenance appraisal, Schedule of dilapidations (Scott Schedule).

Teaching / Learning Strategy

Learning and teaching strategies will be developed and implemented appropriate to students needs to enable all students to participate fully in the module. Lectures provide the theoretical concepts which will be complemented by tutorials, site visits and seminars. Continuing from Construction Technology 3, a major theme within this module, will be the notion that choices exist in terms of the technologies available within each of the sub-headings above. The notion of "one right technology" will be challenged. Workshops will be used, particularly in the field of property adaptation, future proofing and retrofit solutions. Learning and teaching strategies will be developed and implemented appropriate to students needs to enable all students to participate fully in the module.

Indicative Reading

RICS GN - Dilapidations in Scotland 2nd Edit 2015 RICS GN - Surveyors acting as Expert Witnesses 4 th Edit 2014 RICS GN -Surveying Safely 1 st Edit 2011 Hollis M/ RICS (2006, 5th ed.) Surveying Buildings, RICS Books. Residential building Defects / Geoffrey Hunt RICS Books 201 0 Commercial & Industrial Building Defects / Trevor Rushton / RICS Books 2010 Refurbishment and upgrading of buildings, Highfield & Gorse 2 nd Edit T & F books 2009 Building Adaptation 2 nd Edit Douglas / Butterworth-Heinemann 2006 RICS GN Design & Specification 1 st Edit 2013 Intelligent Buildings / Design Mgt and Operation; Derek Clemments- Croome 2 nd Edit 2013 Intelligent Skins; Wiggington& Harris Oxford Arch Press 2002 Building in 21 st Century / Cooper EG Books 2007 Smart Materials in Architecture/ Ritter A Arch Press 2006 Smart Materials & Technologies in Arch / Addington & Schodek Centre for Arch pubs 2005 I Journals RICS / Building surveying - Building control CIOB - Construction Mananger (CM) Architects Journal ISurv online data base (Scotland) Regulations 2015

Transferrable Skills

On completion of this module the student should be able to: Analyse problems as they relate to the design, construction and maintenance of buildings, and the development of existing internal spaces including disabled amenities incorporating the principles of maintenance / improvement and beneficial occupancy. Thereafter develop present, advocate and justify solutions to such problems whilst, concurrently, accepting the viability and integrity of alternative solution(s). (D1, D3,D7) - Assessment type III Situate or orientate themselves in such a world of contested, and contestable, knowledge through some form of choice of, and commitment to, a particular solution which the student accepts either implicitly or explicitly thereby rejecting unconsidered commitment to a simple belief presented to her/him by authority (D2,D5) - Assessment type IV Develop meta-learning skills of critically reviewing present cognition and learning requirements (D8) - Assessment types III and IV Legitimately participate in the various professional agency and regulatory discourses as they relate to the maintenance, adaptation and improvement of buildings promoting the notion of 'Retainability'; development of 'agency' engagement in a professional sense, covering areas such as expert witness dilapidations and duty of care. (D2,D4, D10,D13,D14) - Assessment types III and IV.

Module Structure

Activity Total Hours
Independent Learning (FT) 110.00
Tutorials (FT) 30.00
Seminars (FT) 6.00
Lectures (FT) 36.00
Assessment (FT) 18.00

Assessment Methods

Component Duration Weighting Threshold Description
Exam 01 2.00 60.00 n/a Unseen Written Exam
Course Work 01 n/a 40.00 n/a Report (International - Building Critical Analysis)