SHE Level 4
SCQF Credit Points 20.00
ECTS Credit Points 10.00
Module Code MHH624669
Module Leader Martin MacDonald
School School of Computing, Engineering and Built Environment
Subject SCEBE - School Office
  • A (September start)
  • B (January start)

Summary of Content

The aim of this course is to provide the student with a foundation in advanced optical and laser based instrumentation which will cover a wide range of topics in photonics and laser based instrumentation. This is a useful module for students who are looking for a job in industry or preparing for research in optical instrumentation and laser . The major objectives of the course is to provide the undergraduate students with the knowledge of a broad range of topics in optics, optoelectronics, optical technology, and laser based instrumentation and prepare the students for graduate studies or for an industrial job in optical instrumentation and laser based instrumentation.


The teaching syllabus will cover the following areas: Optical Sources: Light emitting diode, hetero-junction diode, internal and external photo effects, Photo diode, PIN diode, schottky, barrier diode, heterojunction diode, APD, photo-transistor, photo-thyristor, photo- thermistor. Charge couples devices: Opto-couplers and their application in analogue and digital devices. Optical fiber fundamentals, modes, types of optical fibers, fiber coupling. Energy flow in optical instrumentation: Characteristics of optical radiation, electro - luminescence, Light flux, Radiometry and Photometry, Radioactive transfer in optical system, heterodyne and phase shifting interferometry, Types of Optical filters, specifications, interference, diffraction, polarization, and types of gratings. Electromagnetic radiation and its interaction with matter: Spectral methods of analysis, absorption spectroscopy, Beer's law, radiation sources, mono-chromators, ultraviolet spectrometer, single beam and double beam instruments, detectors, applications in biomedical and chemical instrumentations. Characteristics of LASERS: Laser rate equation, properties, modes, two, three and four level system, Resonator configuration, Q switching and mode locking, cavity dumping, simple frequency operation. Types of Lasers. Industrial applications of LASERS: Lasers for measurement of distance and length, velocity, acceleration, atmospheric effects, sonic boom, pollutants, current and voltage. Material processing: Laser heating, melting, scribing, splicing, welding and trimming of materials, removal and vaporization, application of lasers in medical instrumentations.

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module the student should be able to:1. Summarise the key concepts in optics, optoelectronics, and optical technology and their relevance in science and technology.(AM1)2. Interpret interference, diffraction, and polarization phenomena.(AM1)3. Distinguish the different types of optical sources and their application in instrumentation systems.(AM1)4. Explain various spectral methods of analysis and their practical applications in biomedical and chemical instrumentations.(AM5)5. Recommend suitable lasers for applications in medical and industrial fields. (AM5)

Teaching / Learning Strategy

The main teaching method will be based on lectures. The students will be expected to perform directed reading exercises and self-learning exercises on emerging technologies. Tutorials will be used to reinforce the module material discussed during lecture sessions. Tutorials also serve as a platform of technical discussions to clarify any queries that arise from directed studies.

Indicative Reading

Text Book: -360 1. B. N. Begunov, S. I. Kiryushin, V. I. Kyzichev: Optical Instrumentation: Theory and design. Reference Books: -360 1. Wilson and Hawkes, "Opto Electronics - An Introduction", -360 3 rd Edition, Prentice Hall, New Delhi, 1998. -360 2. Bhattacharya P, "Semiconductor Optoelectronics", 2 nd Edition, Prentice Hall, New Delhi, 1998. 3. R. Sirohi, M. P. Kothiyal: Optical Components, Systems and Measurement techniques. 4. W.T.Silfvast: Laser Fundamentals R. Papannareddy: Light wave Communication Systems: A Practical Perspective

Transferrable Skills

Problem Solving and Numeracy Communication/Literacy/Linguistic/Critical Evaluation

Module Structure

Activity Total Hours
Tutorials (FT) 28.00
Independent Learning (FT) 100.00
Lectures (FT) 56.00
Assessment (FT) 16.00

Assessment Methods

Component Duration Weighting Threshold Description
Exam (School) 1.50 20.00 n/a Mid-term test - Unseen written examination-1½ Hours
Coursework 1 n/a 30.00 n/a Assignment-written report-maximum 2000 words
Exam (Exams Office) 3.00 50.00 35% Unseen written examination-3 Hours