RENEWABLE ENERGY EQUIPMENT DESIGN

SHE Level 4
SCQF Credit Points 20.00
ECTS Credit Points 10.00
Module Code MHH325992
Module Leader Andrew Cowell
School School of Computing, Engineering and Built Environment
Subject Mechanical Engineering
Trimester
  • B (January start)

Pre-Requisite Knowledge

M3J923150 Energy Conversion Technology

Summary of Content

The content of this module is designed to allow the student to understand the elementary considerations in the design of a range of renewable energy equipment and give an overview of the requirements for the connection of this equipment to the electricity grid. The renewable energy equipment is divided into five broad areas, namely Wind Power, Hydropower, Marine Power, Solar Power and Geothermal. Due to the importance of composite materials in renewable energy equipment design, the use of these materials as applied to the construction of this equipment is also included.

Syllabus

Renewable Power Generation, Grid Integration Considerations, Heat Pumps:Ground Source, Air Source. Overview of generation types: Wind Power, Hydropower, Tidal/Wave Power, Photovoltaics, Geothermal Grid Integration: Power generation variation, Generation Farms, Connection requirements, Cost comparisons, Environmental considerations Equipment Design Wind Power Generation Horizontal and Vertical Axis Turbines; Horizontal Axis Turbines Components: Rotors, Drive Train and Generator, Housing, Tower, On-shore/Off-shore considerations; Blade Design: Strength, Fatigue; Drive Train Design: Load Transmission from Rotor, Gearbox, Direct Drive; Hydropower Generation: Site identification; Run of River: Headrace, Penstock, Powerhouse, Tailrace; Dams and Reservoirs: Sluice Gates, Penstock, HydroTurbines, Downstream Outlet; Turbine considerations: Impulse Turbines, Reaction Turbines, Bucket/Blade Design; Generators Tidal Power Generation: Barrage/Basin Design: Single Basin/Dual Basin, Sluice Gates; Tidal Turbines (overlap with Reaction Turbines/Kaplan Turbine); Generators Wave Power Generation: Site identification; Shore and Near-Shore Wave Convertors: Generation methods, Turbine Design; Offshore: Buoyancy Devices, Snake/Pontoon Devices, Electromechanical Devices Marine Current Power Generation: Site identification; Horizontal and Vertical Axis Turbines: Similarities to Wind Power Generation; Cross-flow Turbines Solar Power Generation: Site identification; Parabolic Troughs; Solar Towers; Solar Dishes; Fresnel Reflectors; Photovoltaic Devices: Cell Types, Cell Structures, Concentrating Cells Geothermal: Water Injection Pumps; Heat Exchangers; Steam Turbines; Cooling Towers Composite Materials for Renewable Energy Application: General introduction to polymer composites; classification; matrix/fibre materials; Manufacturing methods Classical lamination theory and application to renewable energy equipment: Numerical Approaches to composites: Single plies; rule of mixtures; classical lamination theory; failure theories; measuring ply properties; FEA theory. Manufacturing and quality considerations including joinming, fabrications and defect tolerance. Requirements for the Testing and Certification of Renewable Energy Equipment

Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of this module a student should be able to:1. Appreciate the requirements for the integration of renewable energy equipment into the electricity generation grid, and the system requirements to achieve this.2. Explain in detail the requirements for the design of renewable energy equipment.3. Evaluate the use of composite materials in the manufacture of renewable energy equipment and the design processes involved.4. Understand the importance of the testing and certification of renewable energy equipment.

Teaching / Learning Strategy

The University 'Strategy for Learning' documentation has informed the learning and teaching strategy for this module. The content of this module will be delivered through a combination of lectures and guest lectures to provide the core content of the module, with tutorials, laboratories and site visits to reinforce the learning outcomes. The module content is made accessible to all through support from GCULearn, including, in addition to the core course content, links to relevant databases for the sourcing of additional reading material from the current research in the subject area from around the world and notices regarding relevant professional body talks in the local area. Site visits will be an integral part of the module delivery, deepening and broadening the students' appreciation practical work based aspects of the theory that is provided during the lectures that are designed to deliver the core material for the module. Where a site visit is not necessarily possible, guest lecturers from industry will be invited to speak to the students about their experience in working with the equipment that is core to this module. The students will be required to use their creativity in the design of equipment in an assessment, building on the core theoretical aspects delivered during the lectures to solve real-world problems. Individual personalised feedback will be given during tutorial sessions and for each coursework assessment component to reinforce the students' learning. Feedback on assessments will be provided electronically through GCU Learn, either using the Grade Centre or by the email facility.

Indicative Reading

Breeze, P., Power Generation Technologies, 2nd Edition, Newnes, 2014. Heier, S., Grid Integration of Wind Energy, 3rd English Edition, John Wiley and Sons, 2014. Sorensen , B (2011). Renewable Energy. Elsevier. Physics, Engineering, Environmental Impacts, Economics & Planning, 4 th Edition, Academic Press, 2010. Hull, D. and Clyne, T.W., An Introduction to Composite Materials, 2nd edition. Cambridge Solid State Science Series 1996 Golfman, Y. Hybrid Anisotropic Materials for Wind Power. CRC Press 2012. Relevant academic papers Sarbu, I& Sebarchievici, C (2016). Ground-source heat pumps:Fundamentals, experiments and applications. (E-Book) Dincer, I.,Colpan, C.O. ,Kizilkan,O.& Ezan, M.A. (2015). Progress in Clean Energy Volume I: Analysis and Modeling. Dincer,I.,Olpan,C.O., Kizilkan,O & Ezan, M.A. (2015). Progress in Clean Energy Volume II: Novel Systems adn Applications. Hau, E., SpringerLink, & Link. (2013) Wind Turbines Fundamentals, Technologies, Application, Economics (3rd ed.2013. ed) Sorensen, B. (2011). Renewable Energy. Elsevier

Transferrable Skills

D1 Specialist knowledge and application. D2 Critical thinking and problem solving. D3 Critical analysis. D4 Communication skills, written, oral and listening. D5 Numeracy. D6 Effective Information retrieval and research skills. D8 Self-confidence, self-discipline & self-reliance (independent working). D10 Creativity, innovation & independent thinking. D11 Knowledge of international affairs. D13 Reliability, integrity, honesty and ethical awareness D14 Entrepreneurial, independence and risk-taking. D15 Ability to prioritise tasks and time management (organising and planning work). D17 Presentation skills. D18 Commercial awareness

Module Structure

Activity Total Hours
Lectures (PT) 36.00
Assessment (FT) 18.00
Practicals (FT) 24.00
Tutorials (PT) 12.00
Independent Learning (PT) 122.00
Tutorials (FT) 12.00
Practicals (PT) 12.00
Lectures (FT) 36.00
Independent Learning (FT) 110.00
Assessment (PT) 18.00

Assessment Methods

Component Duration Weighting Threshold Description
Exam (Exams Office) 2.00 70.00 35% 4 questions from 6
Coursework 2 n/a 15.00 n/a Mechanical Equipment Design Case Study (2000words)
Coursework 1 n/a 15.00 n/a WORK BASED PROJECT REPORT (2000 words)