ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND DESIGN STUDIES

SHE Level 4
SCQF Credit Points 20.00
ECTS Credit Points 10.00
Module Code MHH221946
Module Leader Krystyna Curtis
School School of Computing, Engineering and Built Environment
Subject Civil Engineering and Environmental Management
Trimester
  • A (September start)-B (January start)

Pre-Requisite Knowledge

Satisfactory completion of Year 3 modules for the BEng Building Services Engineering or equivalent

Summary of Content

A series of case studies are presented and discussed with full student participation. The case studies will have a high technical content and will illustrate how designs for services in the built environment depend on a wide range of engineering, environmental, business and economic factors. Buildings and their services will be analysed in the widest possible context. These studies are intended to provide students with a structured experience of the decision making process within engineering where no single discipline will determine the final solution.

Syllabus

GENERAL CONTENT Casework studies will be designed to reflect the mechanical-electronic-environmental themes that most engineers will experience and the associated effects of management aspects such as marketing, finance and industrial relations. The aim is to encourage the ability to identify relationships among selected scientific, technological, and business disciplines and to stimulate an enquiring, analytical and creative approach to the problems posed. SPECIFIC CONTENT Factors affecting energy use in buildings: Building use; comfort criteria; weather and climate; building shape, location and orientation; glazing; lighting; ventilation; internal arrangement of spaces; thermal mass and thermal insulation; solar gains and other incidental gains; site planning. Industry Guides and Regulations: CIBSE Guides and Energy Code; Building Regulations. Thermal Performance of Buildings: Manual and computer-based calculation methods; practical use of computer models. Building Energy Management Systems: Types of sensors and actuators; other hardware including networks and communications; simplified control algorithms; setting up a system.

Learning Outcomes

1- Learning OutcomesThe Engineering Benchmarks A1,A2,A4,A5,A6,A7,B1,B2,B3,B4,B5,B6,B7,C1,C2,C3,C4,C5 and C6 as specified in the BEng Building Services Engineering Specification Document apply to this module.On completion of this module the student should be able to:- Specify a plan of action for interpreting and managing the situation revealed in the study (A4,A6,C6)- Identify several alternative solutions within the open-ended multidisciplinary studies (A4,A5,A6,A7,B2,B3,B5,B6,B7,C4)- Analyse systems which will involve integrated systems including a selection of mechanical, electrical, electronic, fluid and control elements (A4,A5,A7,B2,B3,B5,C1)- Use computer techniques and/or software packages in the design of mechanical or electrical or manufacturing systems, having regard to the given constraints (A4,A6,B1,B3,B4,C1,C3)- Appraise case studies using case study material drawn from industry eg failure analysis, business ratios, simulation, project management, etc. (A4,A5,A6,A7,B2,B5)- Summarise the factors which should be considered when selecting a solution from the data presented (A4,A5,A6,A7,B2,C6)- Justify the selected solution having regard to the given constraints. (A4,A5,A6,A7,B2,C6)- Understand the factors which affect energy use in buildings, including ventilation and transmission losses, thermal transient response, windows, solar gains and other incidental gains (A1,A2,A4,A5)

Teaching / Learning Strategy

A seminar approach is used wherever possible to maximis e the i nput from students in the solution of problems of a multidisciplinary nature. Computer laboratories will be extensively used to allow students to efficiently analyse a range of design scenarios. Learning and teaching strategies will be developed and implemented, appropriate to students' needs, to enable all students to participate fully in the module. A seminar approach is used wherever possible to maximise the input from students in the solution of problems of a multidisciplinary nature. Computer laboratories will be extensively used to allow students to efficiently analyse a range of design scenarios. Learning and teaching strategies will be developed and implemented, appropriate to students' needs, to enable all students to participate fully in the module.

Indicative Reading

Marecki J. Combined Heat and Power Generating Systems. Peter Peregrinus Ltd., 1988. Markus T.A. and Norris E.N. Buildings, Climate and Energy. Pitman, 1980. Lowe R., Chapman J. and Everett R. The Pennyland Project. Energy Technology Support Unit, 1985. Eastop T.D. and Croft D.R. Energy Efficiency for Engineers and Technologists. Longman, 1990. O'Callaghan P.W. Building for Energy Conservation. Pergamon, 1978. *Levermore G.J. Building Energy Management Systems. E. & F.N. Spon, 1992. Mahon H.P., Kiss M.G. and H.J. Leimer. Efficient Energy Management. Prentice-Hall, 1983. (Anon) The Energy Manager's Workbook. Energy Publications (Cambridge), 1982. *Moore F. Environmental Control Systems - Heating, Cooling and Lighting. McGraw-Hill, 1993. The Department of Education and Science. A Guide to Energy Efficient Refurbishment - Maintenance and Renewal in Educational Buildings. HMSO, 1991. Hastings S.R. (ed.) Passive Solar Commercial and Institutional Buildings. Wiley, 1993. (Anon.) CIBSE Guide - Volume A: Design Data. Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers (CIBSE), 1986. (Anon.) Technical Standards for Compliance with the Building Standards (Scotland) Regulations 1990. HMSO, 1990. *(Ove Arup & Partners) Passive Solar Design Studies for Non-Domestic Buildings - Case Studies. Report no. ETSU S 1157-P2, ETSU, 1988. (Free of charge from ETSU) *(NBA Techtonics) A Study of Passive Solar Housing Estate Layout. Report no. ETSU S 1126 (Free of charge from ETSU). The following are available free of charge, as part of the Best Practice Programme supported by the Energy Efficiency Office, from ETSU and BRECSU: *CHP in a Medium-Sized Hotel. New Practice Report NP-30, ETSU, 1991. *Energy Management Guide. General Information Report GIR-12, BRECSU, 1993. *Energy Efficiency in New Housing. Good Practice Guide GPG-79, BRECSU, 1993. *Guidance Notes for the Implementation of Small-Scale Packaged Combined Heat and Power. Good Practice Guide GPG-1, ETSU, 1989. A full list of reports and guides is available from ETSU. The following trade journals give useful up-to-date information: Energy Management. Published by the Energy Efficiency Office. Energy in Buildings and Industry. Published by Industrial Trade Journals Ltd.

Transferrable Skills

The Engineering Benchmarks D1,D2,D3,D4,D5,D6,D7 and D8 for transferable skills as specified in the BEng Building Services Engineering Specification Document apply to this module. The case studies provide an extremely useful vehicle for integrating material taught on the BEng programme. The approach adopted encourages students to participate in discussion of the problems involved and to see engineering subjects in the context of the real world. The skills developed include communication, team work and an open-minded approach to problem solving. Students will also be given the opportunity to do a short oral presentation to the rest of the class.

Module Structure

Activity Total Hours
Seminars (PT) 12.00
Lectures (PT) 12.00
Independent Learning (PT) 110.00
Assessment (PT) 30.00
Practicals (PT) 36.00

Assessment Methods

Component Duration Weighting Threshold Description
Coursework 2 n/a 70.00 n/a Major design case study
Coursework 1 n/a 30.00 n/a Minor design case study