SHE Level 3
SCQF Credit Points 20.00
ECTS Credit Points 10.00
Module Code M3N808117
Module Leader n/a
School Glasgow School for Business and Society
Subject Tourism, Events and Sport
  • B (January start)

Pre-Requisite Knowledge

Quantitative Methods for the Service Sector (or equivalent)

Summary of Content

This module will enable students to adopt a critical stance upon the production and use of knowledge about leisure as a social, economic and political phenomenon. This is acheived by analysing key outputs in the genealogy of leisure research and evaluating these in both their contemporary and their current theoretical contexts.


1. Leisure theory and leisure research. - the theory-data relationship- theory-building via research- methodology in leisure research2. Positivist orthodoxy in leisure research - measurement.- epistemology, ontology and methodology- government research in leisure- commercial research for leisure- the academic contribution3. Humanistic approaches to leisure research - meaning.- epistemology, ontology and methodology- social sciences' perspectives- qualitative techniques and analyses4. Pluralistic research in leisure.- merging methodologies- analysis and evaluation implications5. Sources of information about leisure.- consumption- production- meaning- using secondary data- evaluating and reviewing sources- institutions of leisure research6. Leisure research, power and ideology.- governmental policy- recreation hegemony- popular leisure and its meaning- feminism in Leisure Studies and research7. Images of modernity and post-modernity in leisure research.- rationality and progress- historicism- consumption and consumerism- globalisation- nihilism8. A social, political and economic history of leisure research in the U.K.- origins of leisure research- leisure research and the Social Sciences- leisure policy, power and leisure research- ownership of data re- leisure9. Aspects of ethics and values in applied leisure research.- ethical dilemmas in research and attempts at resolution- specific issues in leisure research10. Contemporary pre-occupations in leisure research.- review of recent papers, journals and publications11. Leisure research, leisure policy and leisure management.- industrial speaker- library visits12. The future of leisure research.- speaker on theory- speaker on research practice

Learning Outcomes

Students will be able to: - critically evaluate a range of methodologies underpinning leisure research;- review critically the relationship between theory and data in the context of a developing field of endeavour recognisable as 'Leisure Studies';- evaluate the contributions to understanding the consumption and production of leisure offered by competing perspectives in the social sciences across time in the twentieth century and beyond;- adopt a critical stance upon sources of information for understanding leisure, its delivery and its consumption, whether applied or conceptual, and problematise the impact of the original purpose of the leisure research upon the knowledge produced;- operationalise critically via research products the concepts of leisure, recreation and culture;- critically evaluate the role of leisure research in developing ideas of modernity within concepts of power and idealogy;- review critically ethics and values in applied leisure research;- develop and critique a proposal to conduct a sustained and independent piece of research in leisure studies or leisure management.

Teaching / Learning Strategy

Topics will be introduced via series of lectures. Learning will be developed via six seminars, led by students and focussed around the key learning outcomes. Six workshops on research design will aim to develop students' independence in handling research problems. Independent learning forms a critical and necessary part of the module - this will be reinforced in the seminars and workshops. A key learning resource will be the research products with which the module leader has been associated since 1979, as well as more recent contributions from leisure researchers across the Caledonia Business School.

Indicative Reading

Set Books:Scarrot, M. (1999) Sport, Leisure and Tourism Information Sources, Butterworth HeinemannVeal, A.J. (1992) Research Methods for Leisure and Tourism: a practical guide, LongmanIndicative Reading:Bramham, P. (1993) Leisure Research in the UK In: Bramham, P., Henry, I., Mommaas, H., and van der Poel, H. Leisure Policy in Europe Oxford CAB InternationalBryman, A (1988) Quantity and Quality in Social Research, UnwinHammersley, M. (ed.) (1993) Social Research. Philosophy, Politico, Practice, Sage Hemingway, J. (1995) Leisure Studies and Interpretive Social Inquiry Leisure Studies Vol.14 No.1 pp233-248de Vaus, D.A. (1991) Surveys in Social Research (3 ed.), Allen and Unwin Hughes, J. (1980) The Philosophy of Social Research, LongmanJancowicz, A.D. (1995) Business Research Projects, Thompson Kimmel, A.J. (1988) Ethics and Values in Applied Social Research, SageLong, J. & Bradshaw, J. (1998) A Critical Review of the Advantages of Investigating Community and Leisure from a Social Network Perspective, Leisure Studies Vol.17, No.4, Oct. pp.233-248Lynch, P. & Brown, P. (1999) The Utility of Large-Scale Research Agendas Maguire, J. (1985) Doing Figurational Sociology: Some Preliminary ObservationsMethodological Issues in Sensitizing Concepts Vol.7, No.2 pp.187-194Robson, C. (1993) Real World Research, BlackwellTheobold, W and Dunsmore, H.E. (1999) Internet Resources for Leisure and Tourism, Butterworth HeinemannRyan, C. (1995) Researching Tourist Satisfaction. Issues, concepts, problems, RoutledgeYin, R.K. (1994) Case Study Research. Design and Methods (2 ed.), SageRequired Journals:Annals of Tourism ResearchEuropean Journal of Sports Management International Review for the Sociology of Sport Journal of Leisure ResearchLeisure SciencesLeisure StudiesManaging Leisure: an International JournalMuseum Management and Curatorship

Transferrable Skills

- research and knowledge production- information sourcing and retrieval- critical evaluation of sources- leisure contextual skills

Module Structure

Activity Total Hours
Lectures (FT) 12.00
Independent Learning (FT) 140.00
Tutorials (FT) 6.00
Seminars (FT) 6.00
Visit/Placement(Libraries) 10.00
Labs/Workshops 6.00

Assessment Methods

Component Duration Weighting Threshold Description
Coursework 0.00 35.00 40% critical review of journal article
Coursework 0.00 25.00 40% proposal for independent research study
Exam (Exams Office) 3.00 40.00 40% final exam - unseen