SHE Level 3
SCQF Credit Points 15.00
ECTS Credit Points 7.50
Module Code M3N222074
Module Leader Caroline Tuff
School School for Work Based Education
Subject SCWBE
  • A (September start)
  • B (January start)
  • C (May start)

Summary of Content

This module will cover the principles involved in planning for emergencies, and how they are put into practice in the event of a railway accident. Specifically it seeks to enable the student to explore how one might handle such events and to present the methods of investigating and reporting accidents, with a view to preventing a recurrence.


-426 - Statistical sources and trends -426 - Emergency Planning -426 - Interfaces with rail and other agencies -426 - Communications -426 - Site management -426 - Object of investigations -426 - Forming the team and project-managing the investigation -426 - Types of evidence and evaluation techniques -426 - Theories of causation -426 - Human factors -426 - Principles of effective report-writing

Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of the module the student should be able to:1. Analyse an Emergency Plan for fitness for purpose, including scoping, addressing risks, identifying responsibilities and meaningful presentation.2. Distinguish and critically evaluate the interfaces, structures and objectives of the various organisations which may be involved in the event of a railway accident, in relation to the organisational issues which may arise.3. Critically evaluate a remit for an accident investigation and specify the criteria for acceptance/rejection of a report of an investigation.4. Analyse and critically reflect on personal reactions, decision-making, professional judgement, and appreciation of the wider consequences in a hypothetical complex accident.

Teaching / Learning Strategy

It is intended that this module is delivered through GCULearn, GCU's on-line learning environment. Students will be expected to participate in a range of e-learning activities including individual and group work, and where appropriate self- and peer assessment. Formative assessment will be used to encourage learning and interpersonal skills, and the summative assessments will provide evidence of the development achieved throughout the module. A tutorial event at the start of the module will bring students together from the programme. This also provides the opportunity to meet their tutors. Further support will be offered via GCULearn, for example on line discussion and announcements, by e-mail and telephone. Formative assessment will be used not only to encourage knowledge of the subject, but also to help develop transferable skills. Summative assessments will provide evidence of the learning achieved throughout the module. Summative assessments are compulsory. A mark of 35% must be achieved for each summative assessment and an overall mark of 40% must be achieved in the module.

Indicative Reading

Pattenden, N. (2001) Salisbury 1906: This hitherto unexplained accident is looked at afresh by an experienced railway investigator of today. Published privately by the South Western Circle ( www.lswr.org.uk <http://www.lswr.org.uk> ). Hall, S. (1990) Railway Detectives - 150 Years of the Railway Inspectorate. Ian Allan Ltd (ISBN 0-740-1929-0). Reason, J. (1990) Human Error, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press (ISBN0-521-31419-4) Hall, S. (1999) Hidden Dangers - Railway Safety in the Era of Privatisation. Ian Allan Ltd (ISBN 0-7110-2679-3) Moore-Ede, M. (1993) The 24 Hour Society, Piatkus Books ISBN 0-7499-1269-3 Home Office Publications Dealing with Disaster -. ISBN 1-874447 but can be accessed at (www.homeoffice.gov.uk ) L.T.C. Rolt (1966 - reprinted 2007) Red for Danger, Sutton Publishing -576 Essential South Africa: Railway safety Regulator ( www.rsr.org.za <http://www.rsr.org.za> ) South African National Standards ( www.sans.co.za <http://www.sans.co.za> ) OHSAS 81001: 2007 and OHSAS 81002 (occupational health and safety) (www.ohsas-18001-occupational-health-and-safety.com/) RSR act 16: 2002 and AMMENDMENTS (national railway safety regulator act) (www.rsr..org.za/) SANS 30001:2009 (Railway safety management) (www.rsr.org.za/RSR/railway_safety_regulator_standards.php) SANS 10229-1:2010 (transport of dangerous goods) (www..sabs.co.za/webstore/SetaPDF/.......) TRIAG (various internet sites: the medical method of classifying injured people according to seriousness) (www.emssa.org.za/sats/) SANS 14001:2005 (environmental management systems) (www.sabs.co.za/webstore/standards/.....) Various TRANSET, PRASA rule books & policy standards. Obtainable from Transnet & Prasa & other railway operators. Category: Railway accidents in South Africa. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Railway_accidents_in_South_Africa) Green paper on Disaster Management in South Africa. ( <http://www.info.gov.za/view/DownloadFileAction?id=68922> ). Britain: Rail Accident Investigation Branch ( www.raib.gov.uk <http://www.raib.gov.uk> ) Department for Transport ( www.dft.gov.uk <http://www.dft.gov.uk> ) Emergency Planning Society ( www.emergplansoc.org.uk <http://www.emergplansoc.org.uk> ) Federal Railway Authority (Germany, but text in English) ( www.eisenbahnbundesamt.de <http://www.eisenbahnbundesamt.de> ) HSE ( www.hse.gov.uk <http://www.hse.gov.uk> ) Marine Accident Investigation Branch ( www.maib.gov.uk <http://www.maib.gov.uk> ) Network Rail ( www.networkrail.co.uk <http://www.networkrail.co.uk> ) Office of the Rail Regulator ( www.rail-reg.gov.uk <http://www.rail-reg.gov.uk> ) Railway Safety & Standards Board ( www.rssb.co.uk <http://www.rssb.co.uk> ) The Business Continuity Institute ( www.thebci.org <http://www.thebci.org/> ) -576 Recommended Accident Reports issued by the HMRI Reports into Accidents in your own company Annual Reports of the Organisations mentioned under Websites above International Railway Journal - Periodical Modern Railways - Periodical Railway Gazette - Periodical Rail - Periodical Rail Professional - Periodical SOUTH AFRICAN RAILWAY STATE OF RAILWAY SAFETY REPORT 2011/12 (Obtainable from the RSR) New Brighton Norfolk Southern HAZM. Shepherdville CSX Transportation RAB1203. Cherry Valley CN Freight Train HAZM. (Note: Even though the last three items are not South African occurrences they are recommended by the Transnet Library as valuable reading for the purpose of dealing with occurrences).

Transferrable Skills

- Written communication skills - Personal and interpersonal skills - Information gathering skills - Problem solving - Critical thinking and reflection - Assessment and evaluation skills - Negotiation, time management and forward planning skills.

Module Structure

Activity Total Hours
Tutorial Discussion 15.00
Assessment (PT) 30.00
Directed Learning 55.00
Independent Learning (PT) 50.00

Assessment Methods

Component Duration Weighting Threshold Description
Coursework 1 n/a 100.00 40% The assessments are work based and negotiated between the Institution of Railway Operators, University of Johannesburg and Glasgow Caledonian University.