SHE Level 3
SCQF Credit Points 20.00
ECTS Credit Points 10.00
Module Code M3K225343
Module Leader Gordon Henderson
School School for Work Based Education
Subject SCWBE
  • A (September start)
  • B (January start)
  • C (May start)

Pre-Requisite Knowledge

Construction Technology 2 or equivalent

Summary of Content

Building Maintenance, Refurbishment and Rehabilitation: deteriology, Survey Technique - diagnosis / monitoring / prognosis of our traditional and dilapidated building environment - repair and refurbishment strategies. Deterioration and repair of significant construction materials (masonry, concrete, timber stone etc), assessment and repair strategies for buildings which suffer traumatic damage. Return to beneficial usage / Building Envelope remediation, Cladding & Introduction to Technological Advancement. Civil Engineering: Climbing formwork, Temporary and permanent support of structures & excavations, retaining walls, deep piling, underpinning & retention. Forms of foundations & deep basement / 'top down' construction and tanking, flooding, ground de-watering & riverside bank remediation & reinforcement. Facade retention & temp shoring, Demolition strategy,(asbestos removal). Roadway, pavement & footpath construction and carpark / hard landscaping. Modern Methods of Construction: Introduction to MMC, Sub-structures, Manufactured Construction, Super- structures, Pre-fabrication, Off-site construction, Advanced construction techniques, Application of advanced construction techniques, Best practice methods of construction, MMC building systems: timber frames, steel frames, pre-cast concrete frames, insulated panels, modular construction, PODS, Hybrid systems, Benefits and Constraints of MMC. Services: Air processes, heating, cooling, humidifying, dehumidifying, refrigeration, heat recovery, wet and dry fire protection, fire alarm and security systems, telecommunications, co-ordination, commissioning and maintenance of services, space requirements for plant. Degree days; estimation of fuel consumption and fuel cost comparisons; energy conservation. The percentage of Work Based Learning for this module, as represented by the Independent Learning "Activity Type", is 85%. There is no Work Based Assessment, but reflective learning is encouraged.


Maintenance: Definitions, development of maintenance policies and strategies / models. Repair techniques and Refurbishment / Upgrading concepts. Survey procedures - techniques, (inc remote monitoring), and report writing, models, equipment - impulse radar, endoscopy, thermal imaging cameras, moisture meters and other non-destructive techniques. Cracks - recording, monitoring, analysis and repair including grouting, reinforcing, reticulated stitching and corseting. Underpinning (including shoring) traditional, proprietary systems including stooling, micro-piles, pile based systems and geotechnical solutions, underpinning framed buildings, monitoring procedures during underpinning. Dampness - rising, penetrating and condensation. Consequences, diagnosis, monitoring and repair. Deterioration and repair of significant construction materials - Timber - fungal and insect attack, repair techniques both traditional and environmental, resin bonded repair s. Concrete - carbonation, sulphate attack, alkali-silica reaction. Traditional and electrochemical Protection and repair techniques, carbon and steel plate bonding. Increasing load-bearing capability of concrete structures by inserting new steelwork, post-tensioning etc. Masonry - sulphate attack, deterioration of wall ties, stone deterioration - crystalline damage, chemical damage and contour scaling. Roofs - pitched and flat roof defects - causes, investigation and repair. Catastrophic damage - Assessment and repair of fire and flood damaged buildings. Civil Engineering: Definitions, development of Climbing formwork, Temporary and permanent support of structures & excavations, retaining walls, deep basements & piling, underpinning & retention. Forms of foundations & deep basement / 'top down' construction and tanking, flooding, ground de-watering riverside bank remediation & reinforcement. Facade retention & temp works, linking old to new structures. Demolition strategy,(inc safety strategy & asbestos removal/contaminated land). Roadway, pavement & footpath construction and carpark / hard landscaping. MMC : Introduction to MMC. Definitions and history behind MMC. Current manufacturing and process methods. Management of MMC. Understand forms of MMC such as Sub-structures, Manufactured Construction, Super- structures. Forms of MMC/Pre-fabrication/Off-site construction. The application of MMC on current construction projects. Understand best practice and current thinking around the MMC concept. Evaluate and understand MMC building systems including timber frames, steel frames, pre-cast concrete frames, insulated panels, modular construction, PODS and how these systems have been adopted within the industry. Benefits and Constraints of MMC. Services: Air conditioning processes - determining psychometric properties, changes in psychometric properties as a result of standard air conditioning processes. Refrigeration processes - vapour compression refrigeration and absorption refrigeration Air conditioning and heat recovery systems. Fire protection of buildings - classification of hazard etc. fire alarm systems. Security systems, Communication systems, Co-ordination and space for services. Degree days and fuel consumption, Energy conservation and energy management.

Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of the module apprentices should be able to: Analyse, Consider & Plan -Building Maintenance, Refurbishment and Rehabilitation: 1. Assess, from multiple perspectives, the importance of the need to maintain our existing building stock. 2. Critically and dianoetically appraise existing solutions circumscribed within the live or (recent), focus refurbishment project. (See Teaching/ Learning Strategy) and offer alternative, viable responses. 3. Demonstrate that, often, there are multiple, viable solutions to the repair of the structure, fabric and services of buildings which compete for acceptance into a particular project.Civil Engineering:4.Critically assess the engineering contexts of projects and formulate and develop engineering solutions contingent on and consonant with the analysis of such project specific contexts. 5. Dianoetically appraise the merits of competing engineering solutions. Services:6. Assess the factors relating to and which influence the design, installation and co-ordination of services within complex buildings. 7. Critically appraise the methods of assessing energy consumption and be able to differentiate between competing methodologies.8. Assess the environmental impact of building design and construction processes and be able to dianoetically assess the claims of competing solutions. [A1, A2, A6, A8, B4, B5]

Teaching / Learning Strategy

The essential purpose of this module is to provide the student with the time and space to develop an understanding of the context and principles of construction technology at a more advanced / applied level. In the context of a work based ethos, teaching and learning methods use authentic work based scenarios to promote action learning, inquiry based learning, problem based learning and peer learning. In addition, at this academic level students are expected to take a critical stance as they draw on academic theories and techniques in order to frame, analyse and solve actual work-based problems. These approaches directly involve the apprentice in the process of learning and also encourage collaborative learning. The module will begin with 2 days of introductory seminars to provide the apprentices with a clear understanding of the curriculum and assessment requirements of the module and to engage in question / answers sessions. The remainder of the module is delivered online via GCULearn. The online component is structured using a week by week template and guides the apprentice through the subject learning and assessment requirements of the module. A range of resources such as PowerPoint, Camtasia, video clips, web links and other tailored learning relevant to the module topics are used.. Learners will be supported throughout by the module team. This includes the lecturers, work based / industrial mentors and Academic Development Tutors. Clear sign posting will ensure that module learning outcomes are progressed, reinforced though a carefully mapped formative assessment of concepts / strategies and the application of critical subject matter. This facilitates an evaluation of the level of comprehension attained by the apprentice and also enables the module team to provide support and guidance as required through email, GCULearn announcements, blogs, skype of Collaborate discussions. Summative assessments are compulsory. A mark of 35% must be achieved for each summative assessment and an overall / aggregate mark of 40% must be achieved.

Indicative Reading

Essential texts Emmitt & Gorse (2014) Barry's Introduction Construction of Buildings (2nd Ed) Wiley & Blackwell ISBN-10: 1118255429 / ISBN-13: 978-1118255421. Emmitt & Gorse (2014) Barry's Advanced Construction of Buildings (2nd Ed) Wiley & Blackwell Chudley & Greeno : ISBN-10: 9781118255490 / ISBN-13: 978-1118255490 Chudley & Greeno (2014) Building Construction Handbook (10th Ed) Routledge : ISBN-10: 9780415836388 / ISBN-13: 978-0415836388 P Glover (2013) Building Surveys (8th Ed) London Butterworth ISBN-10: 9780415635844 / ISBN-13: 978-0415635844 Mike, Riley & Alison (2011) Construction Technology 3 /Technology of Refurbishment and Maintenance, Palgrave MacMillan : ISBN-10: 9780230290143 / ISBN-13: 978-0230290143 Thorburn, S. and Littlejohn, G.S. (1993), Underpinning and Retention, London, Blackie Academic and Professional. : ISBN-10: 9780751400946 / ISBN-13: 978-0751400946 Prentice Hall Tomlinson, M. J. (2001) Foundation Design and Construction, London, (7th Ed) Pearson Higher Education. : ISBN-10: 0130311804 / ISBN-13: 978-0130311801 Mehta, M. (2012) Building Construction (Principles, Materials & Systems) Pearson ISBN-13: 978-0132148696 / ISBN-10: 0132148692 Gibb, A.G.F. (1999) Off-Site Fabrication: Prefabrication, Pre-assembly and Modularisation, Caithness, Whittles Publishing ISBN: 978-470-37836-8. Martin, P.L. (2008), Faber and Kell's Heating and Air Conditioning of Buildings, (10 th Ed) London, Butterworth Heinman. ISBN-10: 0750683651 / ISBN-13: 978-0750683654. Hall, F. (2017) 9th ed Building Services Handbook, London, Butterworth Heinman. ISBN-10: 9781138244351 / ISBN-13: 978-1138244351. Recommended texts Hunt, Geoffrey (2009) Residential building Defects, RICS Books ISBN-10: 1842195085 / ISBN-13: 978-1842195086. Rushton, Trevor (2009) Commercial & Industrial (Investigating Defects in) ISBN-10: 1842194410 / ISBN-13: 978-1842194416. Stroud-Foster, Jack; Harington Ramond; Greeno, Roger (2007) Structure and Fabric Part 2, 7th Ed Routledge ISBN-10: 0131970968 / ISBN-13: 978-0131970960. Carillion (2001), Defects in Buildings, London, The Stationary Office : ISBN: 9780117024366. Hollis, M./ RICS (2006) Surveying Buildings (5th Ed) RICS Books. (Pocket Guide) ISBN-10: 1842192426 / ISBN-13: 978-1842192429. Chadderton, D.V. (1997), Building Services Engineering,London, E and F Spon ISBN-10: 0415413559 / ISBN-13: 978-0415413558.

Transferrable Skills

1. Develop, present, advocate and justify solutions to problems which emerge from the focus project site whilst accepting the integrity of the solution(s) developed for and being applied on site by experienced professionals. Thereby the student should accept that problems, often, have multiple, viable, even, competing solutions Assessment type III. 2. Situate or orientate themselves in such a world of contested, and contestable, knowledge through some form of choice and commitment to, a particular solution which the student accepts either implicitly or explicitly thereby rejecting unconsidered commitment to a simple belief presented to her/him by authority Assessment type II and III. 3. Develop meta-learning skills of critically reviewing present cognition and learning requirements Assessment type III. Legitimately participate in the various professional discourses as they relate to civil engineering, the maintenance & refurbishment of buildings and services. [C1, C2, C3, C5, D1, D2, D4, D5, E1, E5-E7]

Module Structure

Activity Total Hours
Independent Learning (FT) 170.00
Assessment (FT) 18.00
Seminars (FT) 12.00

Assessment Methods

Component Duration Weighting Threshold Description
Exam (Exams Office) 3.00 60.00 35% Unseen written examination
Course Work 01 n/a 40.00 35% Coursework of 3000 words