SHE Level 3
SCQF Credit Points 20.00
ECTS Credit Points 10.00
Module Code M3K225137
Module Leader Farhad Sadeghineko
School School of Computing, Engineering and Built Environment
Subject Construction and Surveying
  • B (January start)

Pre-Requisite Knowledge

M2K225132 - Construction Technology 2

Summary of Content

Building Maintenance, Refurbishment and Rehabilitation: deteriology, Survey Technique - diagnosis / monitoring / prognosis of our traditional and dilapidated building environment - repair and refurbishment strategies. Deterioration and repair of significant construction materials (masonry, concrete, timber stone etc), assessment and repair strategies for buildings which suffer traumatic damage. Return to beneficial usage / Building Envelope remediation, Cladding & Introduction to Technological Advancement. Civil Engineering: Climbing formwork, Temporary and permanent support of structures & excavations, retaining walls, deep piling, underpinning & retention. Forms of foundations & deep basement / 'top down' construction and tanking, flooding, ground de-watering & riverside bank remediation & reinforcement. Facade retention & temp shoring, Demolition strategy,(asbestos removal). Roadway, pavement & footpath construction and carpark / hard landscaping. Modern Methods of Construction: Introduction to MMC, Sub-structures, Manufactured Construction, Super- structures, Pre-fabrication, Off-site construction, Advanced construction techniques, Application of advanced construction techniques, Best practice methods of construction, MMC building systems: timber frames, steel frames, pre-cast concrete frames, insulated panels, modular construction, PODS, Hybrid systems, Benefits and Constraints of MMC. Services: Air processes, heating, cooling, humidifying, dehumidifying, refrigeration, heat recovery, wet and dry fire protection, fire alarm and security systems, telecommunications, co-ordination, commissioning and maintenance of services, space requirements for plant. Degree days; estimation of fuel consumption and fuel cost comparisons; energy conservation. The percentage of Work Based Learning for this module, as represented by the Independent Learning "Activity Type" , is 79%. There is no Work Based Assessment, but reflective learning is encouraged.


Maintenance: Definitions, development of maintenance policies and strategies / models. Repair techniques and Refurbishment / Upgrading concepts. Survey procedures - techniques, (inc remote monitoring), and report writing, models, equipment - impulse radar, endoscopy, thermal imaging cameras, moisture meters and other non-destructive techniques. Cracks - recording, monitoring, analysis and repair including grouting, reinforcing, reticulated stitching and corseting. Underpinning (including shoring) traditional, proprietary systems including stooling, micro-piles, pile based systems and geotechnical solutions, underpinning framed buildings, monitoring procedures during underpinning. Dampness - rising, penetrating and condensation. Consequences, diagnosis, monitoring and repair. Deterioration and repair of significant construction materials - Timber - fungal and insect attack, repair techniques both traditional and environmental, resin bonded repair s. Concrete - carbonation, sulphate attack, alkali-silica reaction. Traditional and electrochemical Protection and repair techniques, carbon and steel plate bonding. Increasing load-bearing capability of concrete structures by inserting new steelwork, post-tensioning etc. Masonry - sulphate attack, deterioration of wall ties, stone deterioration - crystalline damage, chemical damage and contour scaling. Roofs - pitched and flat roof defects - causes, investigation and repair. Catastrophic damage - Assessment and repair of fire and flood damaged buildings. Civil Engineering: Definitions, development of Climbing formwork, Temporary and permanent support of structures & excavations, retaining walls, deep basements & piling, underpinning & retention. Forms of foundations & deep basement / 'top down' construction and tanking, flooding, ground de-watering riverside bank remediation & reinforcement. Facade retention & temp works, linking old to new structures. Demolition strategy,(inc safety strategy & asbestos removal/contaminated land). Roadway, pavement & footpath construction and carpark / hard landscaping. MMC : Introduction to MMC. Definitions and history behind MMC. Current manufacturing and process methods. Management of MMC. Understand forms of MMC such as Sub-structures, Manufactured Construction, Super- structures. Forms of MMC/Pre-fabrication/Off-site construction. The application of MMC on current construction projects. Understand best practice and current thinking around the MMC concept. Evaluate and understand MMC building systems including timber frames, steel frames, pre-cast concrete frames, insulated panels, modular construction, PODS and how these systems have been adopted within the industry. Benefits and Constraints of MMC. Services: Air conditioning processes - determining psychometric properties, changes in psychometric properties as a result of standard air conditioning processes. Refrigeration processes - vapour compression refrigeration and absorption refrigeration Air conditioning and heat recovery systems. Fire protection of buildings - classification of hazard etc. fire alarm systems. Security systems, Communication systems, Co-ordination and space for services. Degree days and fuel consumption, Energy conservation and energy management.

Learning Outcomes

1 - Learning OutcomesOn successful completion of the module apprentices should be able to: Analyse, Consider & Plan -Building Maintenance, Refurbishment and Rehabilitation: 1. Assess, from multiple perspectives, the importance of the need to maintain our existing building stock. 2. Critically and dianoetically appraise existing solutions circumscribed within the live or (recent), focus refurbishment project. (See Teaching/ Learning Strategy) and offer alternative, viable responses. 3. Demonstrate that, often, there are multiple, viable solutions to the repair of the structure, fabric and services of buildings which compete for acceptance into a particular project.Civil Engineering:4.Critically assess the engineering contexts of projects and formulate and develop engineering solutions contingent on and consonant with the analysis of such project specific contexts. 5. Dianoetically appraise the merits of competing engineering solutions. Services:6. Assess the factors relating to and which influence the design, installation and co-ordination of services within complex buildings. 7. Critically appraise the methods of assessing energy consumption and be able to differentiate between competing methodologies.8. Assess the environmental impact of building design and construction processes and be able to dianoetically assess the claims of competing solutions. [A1, A2, A6, A8, B4, B5 SDS GA: 1.1 - 1.4,2.2,4.2 - 4.5]

Teaching / Learning Strategy

The essential purpose of this module is to provide the student with the time and space to develop an understanding of the context and principles of construction technology at a more advanced / applied level. This subject will be delivered by a student led "flipped classroom "core information, and supporting overhead materials will be made available for each lecture electronically in GCU Learn. Seminars/tutorials will concentrate on applying core information in lectures to problem questions given in advance. Students are referred to supporting reading materials to deepen their knowledge and understanding of lecture and seminar topics. Concepts delivered in the 'Flipped Classroom' mode will require students to view lecture material online and complete formative exercises prior to engaging and completing an on-campus seminar with academic support leading the discussions to explore the relevance of the content and specific to their workplace A major theme within this module will be the notion that choices exist in terms of the technologies available for the repair and refurbishment of buildings. The notion of "one right technology" will be challenged in conjunction with consideration of combination solutions. There will be an integrated project submission based on a live (or recent refurbishment) site . Students will have access to electronic format site drawings /specification material. Significant site personnel will be invited to present guest lectures. A video presentation together with still photographs of the site will be made available to students. Students will be directed to web sites appropriate to the materials, components & processes including those containing trade literature of proprietary manufacturers, and technologies being applied on the focus site. Students will be required to work in teams (normally of 4) to produce a detailed, assessed, written report on topics identified as significant within the context of the focus, refurbishment project. Students working in teams (normally of 4), will prepare and produce a live (power-point) presentation on one of the topics identified in the written + Report submission.

Indicative Reading

Books / E : Books Emmitt & Gorse (2014) Barry's Introduction Construction of Buildings (2nd Ed) Wiley & Blackwell Emmitt & Gorse (2014) Barry's Advanced Construction of Buildings (2nd Ed) Wiley & Blackwell Chudley & Greeno (2014) Building Construction Handbook (7th Ed) Butterworth Heinman Glover, P. (2013) Building Surveys (8th Ed) London Butterworth Mike, Riley & Alison (2011) Construction Technology 3 /Technology of Refurbishment and Maintenance, Palgrave MacMillan Hunt, Geoffrey (2009) Residential building Defects, RICS Books Rushton, Trevor (2009) Commercial & Industrial Building Defects, RICS Books Foster & Greeno (2007) Mitchells Structure and Fabric Part 2 (7th Ed) Pearson Gibb, A.G.F. (1999) Off-Site Fabrication: Prefabrication, Pre-assembly and Modularisation, Caithness, Whittles Publishing Carillion (2001), Defects in Buildings, London, The Stationary Office Mehta, M. (2008) Building Construction (Principles, Materials & Systems) Pearson Prentice Hall Tomlinson, M. J. (2001) Foundation Design and Construction, London, (7th Ed) Pearson Higher Education. Hollis, M./ RICS (2006) Surveying Buildings (5th Ed) RICS Books. (Pocket Guide) Thorburn, S. and Littlejohn, G.S. (1993), Underpinning and Retention, London, Blackie Academic and Professional. Chadderton, D.V. (1997), Building Services Engineering, London, E and F Spon Martin, P.L. (1997), Faber and Kell's Heating and Air Conditioning of Buildings, London, Butterworth Heinman. Hall, F. (2017) 9th ed Building Services Handbook, London, Butterworth Heinman. Journals RICS / Building surveying - Building control CIOB - Construction Mananger (CM) (Scotland) Regulations 2015

Transferrable Skills

On completion of this module the student should be able to: Develop, present, advocate and justify solutions to problems which emerge from the focus project site whilst accepting the integrity of the solution(s) developed for and being applied on site by experienced professionals. Thereby the student should accept that problems, often, have multiple, viable, even, competing solutions Assessment type III. Situate or orientate themselves in such a world of contested, and contestable, knowledge through some form of choice and commitment to, a particular solution which the student accepts either implicitly or explicitly thereby rejecting unconsidered commitment to a simple belief presented to her/him by authority Assessment type II and III. Develop meta-learning skills of critically reviewing present cognition and learning requirements Assessment type III. Legitimately participate in the various professional discourses as they relate to civil engineering, the maintenance & refurbishment of buildings and services. [C1, C2, C3, C5, D1, D2, D4, D5, E1, E5-E7 SDS GA: 5.1 - 5.3]

Module Structure

Activity Total Hours
Assessment (FT) 18.00
Independent Learning (FT) 158.00
Seminars (FT) 24.00

Assessment Methods

Component Duration Weighting Threshold Description
Coursework 1 n/a 40.00 35% Coursework 1 - group report (written). 3000 words per individual student.
Exam (Exams Office) 3.00 60.00 35% Unseen written examination