PETROLEUM REFINNG AND PETROCHEMICALS (CCE)

SHE Level 3
SCQF Credit Points 10.00
ECTS Credit Points 5.00
Module Code M3H824921
Module Leader Martin MacDonald
School School of Computing, Engineering and Built Environment
Subject SCEBE - School Office
Trimesters
  • A (September start)
  • B (January start)

Summary of Content

This module deals with classification and composition of crude oils, fractionation of petroleum, treatment of finished products and quality control techniques. Detailed study of thermal and catalytic conversion processes such as visbreaking and coking, fluid catalytic cracking, catalytic reforming, hydrocracking, alkylation, isomerisation and polymerization. Understanding and appreciation of the petrochemical industry. It provides the student with in-depth on major unit operations in petrochemical industries and its economic aspects

Syllabus

Petroleum Refining : The teaching syllabus will cover the following areas: Characteristics, composition and classification of crude oils. Pretreatment and desalting CDU, VDU, visbreaking, coking, fluidized catalytic cracking, catalytic reforming, hydrocracking, alkylation, somerization and polymerization processes. Finishing processes including H2S removal, sweetening, solvent extraction and hydrotreating processes. Petrochemicals: History of petrochemical industry and alternative sources, techniquesinvolved to produce petrochemicals and their applications. Feed stock source, process technology, reaction mechanisms, process economics, vulnerabilities and opportunities for innovation: Derivatives of C4 hydrocarbons: Iso and n-butanol; Methyl-tert-butyl ether (MTBE); Butylene oxide; Butyl acetate Deivatives of aromatics: BTX, Aniline; Phenol; Benzaldehyde; Terephthalic acid Polymers of Olefins: Brief description of manufacture, properties and applications of addition polymers: Polystyrene; polytetrafluoroethylene; Copolymers of Ethylene-Propylene and Natural rubber Introduction to HYSYS and CHEMCAD software .

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module the student should be able to:-1. Recognize the physical and chemical properties of crude oil. (AM1)2. Describe the refinery products and production techniques. (AM1, AM2)3. Identify various unit operations and unit processes in a petroleum refinery. (AM1)4. Employ suitable quality control techniques for the petroleum products. (AM1, AM4)5. Classify the feedstock sources and describe process technology, reaction mechanisms, process economics and applications for petrochemical products. (AM1)6. Design industrial processes using commercial software. (AM1, AM4)

Teaching / Learning Strategy

Classroom lectures and use of P&I diagrams, use of HYSYS and CHEMCAD software, guest lectures and plant visits. Video films and CD ROM courseware as applicable.

Indicative Reading

Robert A. Meyers (2003), Handbook of Petroleum Refining Process , 3 rd Edition, McGraw Hill Company. Robert A. Meyers (1996) Handbook of Petroleum Refining Process , McGraw Hill Company. James H. Gary and GlennE. Handwerk(2007) Petroleum Refining Technology and Economics, 5 th Edition, CRC Press. Bland and Davidson(1997) Petroleum Processing Hand Book , McGrawHill. GruseW.A. and Stevens D.R. (1960) Chemical Technology of Petroleum, 3 rd Edition, McGraw Hill, New York. JonesD.S.J. (1995) Elements of Petroleum Processing, John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Goldstien R.F. and WaddamsA.L. (1967) The petroleum chemicals industry , 3 rd Edition, E.&F.N. Spon, Ltd., London. Gruese W.S and Stevens D.R. (1980) Chemical technology of petroleum , McGraw Hill. Sobolev D. and Below P. (1970) Fundamentals of petroleum chemical technology, Mir Publishers. Rao B.K.B. (2009) A text on petrochemicals, 5 th Edition, KhannaPublishers.

Transferrable Skills

Critical thinking and problem solving, Numeracy skills; Computer skills,Independent working; Utilizing labor market information, Cognitive/Intellectual skills. Technical knowledge supported by practical thinking, analyzing the manufacturing techniques and appreciates the complex technologies evolve in the petrochemical industry

Module Structure

Activity Total Hours
Assessment (FT) 8.00
Independent Learning (FT) 50.00
Lectures (FT) 28.00
Practicals (FT) 14.00

Assessment Methods

Component Duration Weighting Threshold Description
Coursework 1 n/a 30.00 35% Coursework 1
Exam (Exams Office) 2.00 50.00 45% Final Examination 50%(Unseen written - 2 Hours)
Exam (School) 1.50 20.00 35% Mid-term Test 20%(Unseen written - 1 ½ Hours)