APPLIED CLINICAL STUDIES

SHE Level 3
SCQF Credit Points 20.00
ECTS Credit Points 10.00
Module Code M3B423788
Module Leader Joyce Nicol
School School of Health and Life Sciences
Subject Human Nutrition and Dietetics
Trimesters
  • A (September start)-B (January start)
  • A (September start)

Pre-Requisite Knowledge

Successful completion of Year 2 BSc (hons) Human Nutrition & Dietetics

Summary of Content

The principles of pathology and pathophysiology. Students will study the pathophysiology of relevant body systems and organs in disease. The pharmacology of drugs used in the treatment of relevant diseased states and their possible impact on nutritional status (i.e. drug-nutrient interactions) will also be studied.

Syllabus

Clinical lab services Metabolic response to injury Biology of cancer Pathophysiology of GI tract diseases Immunopathology Cardiovascular disease Liver structure and function Liver disease Type 1 & Type 2 Diabetes Physical activity& health Acid-base balance & renal clearance Pathophysiology of the renal system Overview of neurological disorders HIV &AIDS Allergy Inborn errors of metabolism Relevant pharmacology & drug-nutrient interactions

Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of this module the student should be able to:1. Identify the role of the clinical lab services in the diagnosis of disease.2. Understand and be able to discuss the mechanisms of the body's metabolic response to injury or disease and evaluate the possible consequences on nutritional status.3. Demonstrate an understanding of the processes and principles of acute and chronic inflammation, including the role of different immune cells involved.4.Demonstrate a knowledge and understanding of the mechanisms involved in the pathophysiology of a range of clinical conditions (e.g. common gastro-intestinal disorders; cancer; cardiovascular disease; diabetes; liver disease; renal disease; HIV and AIDS; common neurological diseases; inborn errors of metabolism; allergies and food intolerance)5. Evaluate the role of physical activity in the prevention and treatment of certain diseases - e.g. CHD, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and obesity.6 Understand the relationships between plasma bicarbonate, plasma carbon dioxide and plasma pH and describe how these are affected by pathological conditions leading to acidosis and alkalosis.7. Understand the basic principles of pharmacology and evaluate the use of the commonly used drugs in the treatment of a variety of disorders (e.g CVD and diabetes). Discuss the possible dietary and nutritional implications of the use of drugs to treat these various disorders - i.e. possible drug-nutrient interactions.

Teaching / Learning Strategy

The module material will be delivered by a series of lectures. These will be interactive and will encourage students to integrate knowledge with the clinical dietetic modules. The lectures will be supplemented by tutorials and seminars which will allow clinical applications of the pathophysiology and pharmacology to be discussed. These will reinforce the importance of physiology, pathophysiology and pharmacology to human nutrition and dietetics. Students will be expected to demonstrate an ability to search the scientific literature for journal articles.

Indicative Reading

Ferrier DR (2014): Lippincott's Illustrated reviews: Biochemistry. 6th Edition .Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins, Philadelphia Gandy, J (2014) Manual of Dietetic Practice 5 th Edition. Wiley Blackwell Geissler CA & Powers HJ (2010 ): Human Nutrition 12 th edition Elsevier Churchill Livingstone Hardman AE & Stensel DJ (2009): Physical Activity & Health : The Evidence Explained. 2nd Edition. Routledge (e-book also available from library) McArdle WD, Katch FI & Katch VL (2011) Essentials of Exercise Physiology . 4th Edition Lippincott Williams & Wilkins McArdle, WD, Katch FI & Katch VL (2015) Exercise Physiology: Nutrition, energy & Human Performance . 8th Edition. Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins. Porth,CM (2013) Pathophysiology. Concepts of altered health states . 9th Edition. Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins Rang HP & Dale MM (2012): Pharmacology. 7th Edition. Elsevier Churchill - Livingstone. Rolfes SR, Pinna K & Whitney E (2012 ): Normal and clinical nutrition . 9th Edition. West/Wadsworth

Transferrable Skills

Apply basic physiological knowledge to pathological conditions encountered in clinical situations and in other nutrition modules (e.g. Therapeutic dietetics 1 & 2). Case studies introduced seminars will enable students to develop analytical and evaluative skills in relation to clinical situations and problems.

Module Structure

Activity Total Hours
Independent Learning (FT) 136.00
Seminars (FT) 12.00
Assessment (FT) 4.00
Lectures (FT) 48.00

Assessment Methods

Component Duration Weighting Threshold Description
Exam (Exams Office) 2.00 50.00 40% MCQ/short note questions.
Exam (Exams Office) 2.00 50.00 40% MCQ and short note questions.