SHE Level 2
SCQF Credit Points 20.00
ECTS Credit Points 10.00
Module Code M2K224612
Module Leader Martin MacDonald
School School of Computing, Engineering and Built Environment
Subject SCEBE - School Office
  • A (September start)

Pre-Requisite Knowledge

General entry requirements

Summary of Content

The aim of this module is to allow the student to gain knowledge and understand methods used in field Surveying, quantities of area and volume, cut and fill, transfer the land profile on to a sheet, angle measurements, latitude and departures, setting out curves and buildings and finally building monitoring in the field.


The teaching syllabus will cover the following areas: Linear surveying: Definition of surveying - Basic principles of surveying - Classification of surveys based on nature, project, object and Instruments used - Use and representation of scales in plotting maps/plans - Obstruction to measurement (Pond, buildings) - Basic methods of land surveying (Triangulation and Traverse ) - Planning and carrying out chain survey (Reconnaissance, field work consisting of offsets, survey stations and Survey lines) - Errors in chain surveying - Tape/ chain corrections - Correction for slope, sag, standardization, temperature and pull - Field work and Plotting of chain traversing. Levelling principles: Fieldwork and level reduction - Definitions (Levelling, level surface, horizontal plane, horizontal line, vertical plane, vertical line) - Types of levels (Dumpy level, Tilting level, Automatic level) - Methods of leveling (Fly leveling, differential leveling, reciprocal leveling, profile leveling) - Levelling procedures using Rise and fall method and Height of Plane of Collimation method - Errors in leveling - Curvature and refraction. Contouring: Direct and indirect methods of contouring - characteristics of contour plans - Uses of contour Plans - Longitudinal Sections -Cross sections - gradients and formation levels - Calculation of areas of regular and irregular areas (using Simpson's rule and Trapezoidal rule) - Calculation of volume of earthwork - Calculation of capacity of reservoir. Theodolite traverses survey methods: Types of theodolite (Transit and non-transit) - Important parts of transit theodolite (Level head, Lower plate and screw, Upper plate and screw, Vertical circle frame, telescope) - Temporary adjustment of a theodolite - Measuring horizontal angles (Repetition method and reiteration) - Measuring vertical angles - Errors in theodolite surveying - Measuring heights and distances keeping instrument axes at same level and instrument axes at different level. Control survey: Traverse computations - Magnetic bearings, True bearings, whole circle bearing, quadrant bearings, forward and back bearing, conversion of angles to bearings, rectangular coordinates for traverse survey and closing error in close traverse - Calculation of coordinates from a theodolite traverse - Location of specific items by their latitude and departure in relating to the National Grid System. Detail survey: Radiation using total station and data recorder - Setting out: Horizontal control for a small building, Information necessary for setting out of horizontal, vertical and transition curves - Building monitoring - Measure to building control points to check for movement.

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module the student should be able to:1. Understand different methods used in quantifying land area using Surveying instruments for Engineering projects and estimate the quantities of volume of earthwork. [A1,A2,A3, A4]2. Plan and execute survey work by establishing traverse and plot the field with respect to the national grid system for the application of survey principles in civil and construction projects. [B2, B4, B5]3. Apply theoretical learning of Land surveying principles to the practical field for conducting traverse and contour maps. [C1, C2]

Teaching / Learning Strategy

The main teaching method will be based on lectures. The students will be expected to perform directed reading exercises and self learning exercises on emerging technologies. Tutorials will be used to reinforce the module material and to discuss the issues raised by the directed reading. Private study will be crucial in development of skills in leveling calculations, traverse survey computations and setting out calculations.

Indicative Reading

Irvine W (2006), "Surveying for Construction", McGraw Hill, U.K. Elfick, M. (1994), "Elementary Surveying", Harper Collins, New York. Anderson, J.M. and Mikhail, E.M.(1998), "Surveying theory and practice", WCB McGraw-Hill:Boston. Clendinning, J. and Oliver, J. G.(1979), Principles and use of surveying instruments , Van Nostrant Reinhold: New York. Kochher, C L(1990), "A Textbook of Surveying", Katson Publishing House, Ludhiana. Punmia, B. C.(1994) "SurveyingVol I & II" Laxmi Publications P LTD New Delhi. Some Helpful Web Sites: The History of Surveying and Survey Equipment

Transferrable Skills

Tutorials provide: Creativity in Problem Solving and Numeracy Laboratories provide: Ability to contribute effectively to team work in data collection Reports provide: Effective communication, Time and resource management.

Module Structure

Activity Total Hours
Lectures (FT) 56.00
Independent Learning (FT) 102.00
Tutorials (FT) 28.00
Assessment (FT) 14.00

Assessment Methods

Component Duration Weighting Threshold Description
Coursework 1 n/a 30.00 35% Module based practical exercise of field survey report 1500 words
Exam (School) 1.50 20.00 35% Unseen written examination - Mid Term Test
Exam (Exams Office) 2.00 50.00 45% Final Exam - Unseen Written Examination