SHE Level 2
SCQF Credit Points 20.00
ECTS Credit Points 10.00
Module Code M2K220813
Module Leader Nigel Craig
School School of Computing, Engineering and Built Environment
Subject Construction Processes & Practice
  • A (September start)-B (January start)

Pre-Requisite Knowledge

M1K202825-02-AB: Construction Technology One* Please note this module is also delivered in CCEO and they should be notified of any changes to this

Summary of Content

This module has two subject areas. These are: Site Surveying which includes practical exercises in relation to setting out and Structural Theory which provides an understanding of construction structures Site Surveying 1. Levelling principles. Fieldwork; level reduction 2. Temporary benchmarks, two peg tests, set up over points 3. Taping and profiles for excavations and drainage runs 4. Care of equipment 5. Detail survey; total station capabilities 6. Setting out: Horizontal control for a small building and a steel framed building. Structural Theory This section of the module is designed to provide basic concepts of structural mechanics. A general approach is used in order to provide the prior knowledge necessary to understand more specialised construction subject areas.


Site Surveying/Levelling: principles; instruments; reduction by rise & fall and height of collimation methods, sections and contours. Traversing: measurement of horizontal and vertical angles using a theodolite; measurement of distances using tape and EDM; conversion of angles to bearings; calculation of rectangular co-ordinates. Radial position fixing; calculation of detail co-ordinates by bearing and distance; observations using total station. Setting out: setting out sight rails and profiles using levels; setting out small buildings using tapes; setting out steel framed buildings using theodolite, tape and total station; calculation of setting out details from a site plan. Fixation of targets by theodolite and total station Structural Theory: Resolution of forces. Equilibrium. Taking moments about a point. Determinate and indeterminate structures. Plan frames. Force analysis. Joint resolution. Method of sections. Direct stresses. Shear force and bending moment diagrams. Bending stresses. Applications, e.g. reinforced concrete beams, structural stell/timber beams. Maximum allowable stresses in beams. Deflection of beams.

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module the student should be able to:Site Surveying1. Apply the principles of levelling to carry out flying levels to establish bench marks around a site2. Apply the principles of levelling to establish a grid of levels over a site3. Plot and interpolate contours from the level grid4. Plot a longitudinal section of a drain run from the site levels5. Operate a theodolite and a total section to carry out a traverse survey to establish control stations to an accuracy of 1/20006. Abstract data from field measurements and calculate rectangluar coordinates for a traverse survey.7. Set out horizontal control for a rectangular steel framed building using theodolite and tape.8. Set out horizontal control for a rectangluar steel framed building using a total station.9. Fix targets on a building by intersection using a theodolite.Structural Theory10. Understand the significance of structural integrity and identify the relevant factors such as yielding, buckling and fatigue (A1, A6, B2, C1, D1)11. Identify statically determinate and indeterminate structures (A1, A6, B2, C1, D1)12. Determine the forces in statically determinate frames and beams using equilibrium-based methods of force analysis (A1, A6, B2, C1, D1)13. Identify the stresses acting in beams, under axial, bending and combined loading and hence calculate those stresses applying allowable stress criteria (A1, A6, B2, C1, D1)14. Determine stresses in 2D stress systems (A1, A6, B2, C1, D1)15. Identify the deflections in simply loaded beams (A1, A6, B2, C1, D1)16. Consider the main structural advantages and disadvantages of steel sections, reinforced concrete, timber and masonary.

Teaching / Learning Strategy

Learning and teaching strategies will be developed and implemented appropriate to students needs to enable all students to participate fully in the module. Setting out will be delivered in Trimester 1 and Structures in Trimester 2 Site Surveying Lectures and Practical exercises will be undertaken during an intense one week period. Assessment of the practical activities takes place during these activities. Practicles are specific activities which have been designed to develop students' skills in using a variety of survey instruments and their ability to analyse the results and to perform the appropriate calculations. Instruments available will include: tapes; levels; rotating beam laser levels, theodolites and total stations. Computer facilities will be available and additional online tutorials provided to enable the students to further understand the subject area. Structural Theory A basic lecture approach, supported by tutorial sessions and suitably-structured seminars. Case studies of significant structures will be utilised to help the understanding of the key concepts and to discuss the options available to the construction team.

Indicative Reading

Irvine & MacLennan (2006), Surveying for Construction (5th ed) McGraw-Hill Seward (2009), Understanding Structures: Analysis, Materials, design 4th Edition, Palgrave Macmillan* * Essential text Yeomans (2009), How Structures Work, Wiley-Blackwell Draycott, T and Bullman, P, (2008) Structural elements design manual: working with Eurocodes, Butterworth Heinmenn, (available online via CIS) Hulse R., and Cain J, (2000) Structural Mechanics - Second Edition, Palgrave, 2000 Bolton, W., (1998) Mechanical Science. 2nd Edition, Blackwell Science, (Dynamics and Structures) Gentle, R., Edwards, P and Bolto, W., (2001) Mechanical Engineering Sys. Butterworth Heinemann Johnson, A and Sherwin, K., (2001) Foundations of Mechanical Engineering. Nelson Thornes Croxton and Martin, (1991) Solving Problems in Structures Vol 1. Longman

Transferrable Skills

Understand the importance of accuracy in surveying and the settig out of buildings (D3, D4) Understand the impact of changing land surveying technologies on surveying practice with the consequent need to keep abreast of such changes (D4) Working in teams develop a strategy for the preparation of production information for a small scale project (D12) Identify and solve key assembly details for the small scale project (D1) Coursework activities may include essay reports which enhance report writing and presentatino skills (D9, D14) Research of reference material in libraries which will imporve the skills related to the preparation of literature reviews (D8, D10) Independent learning skills will be developed (D7) Laboratory work will enhance teamwork skills (D5) Mathematical logic to help in solving problems (D1)

Module Structure

Activity Total Hours
Practicals (FT) 34.00
Lectures (FT) 30.00
Independent Learning (PT) 70.00
Assessment (FT) 54.00
Seminars (FT) 12.00
Practicals (PT) 34.00
Independent Learning (FT) 70.00
Seminars (PT) 12.00
Lectures (PT) 30.00
Assessment (PT) 54.00

Assessment Methods

Component Duration Weighting Threshold Description
Coursework 2 n/a 25.00 35% Structural design assignment. Take Home
Coursework 3 n/a 25.00 35% Structural design assignment. Take home
Coursework 1 n/a 50.00 35% Practicals - portfolio of practical activities. Undertaken over a 4 day (36 hour) period