ENERGY RESOURCES, GENERATION AND UTILISATION

SHE Level 2
SCQF Credit Points 20.00
ECTS Credit Points 10.00
Module Code M2H824334
Module Leader Jacqueline Wilkie
School School of Computing, Engineering and Built Environment
Subject Electrical Power Engineering
Trimesters
  • A (September start)
  • B (January start)
  • C (May start)

Summary of Content

This module examines various energy resources ranging from conventional sources, i.e. fossil fuels, to renewable energy resources such as wind, solar, tidal, wave, etc. and their conversion and utilisation. An understanding of different types of energy resources , their use, effectiveness and limitations will be developed. Environmental impacts of energy production and use will be assessed. Techniques will be developed to assess the available resources and optimal solutions through application of knowledge and understanding of fundamental scientific principles.

Syllabus

The taught syllabus will cover the following areas: PART A - Thermodynamics for Energy Generation Basic concepts of thermodynamics: Revision of thermodynamic properties of systems, State and Equilibrium, Processes and Cycles, Temperature and the Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics, Pressure, Relationship between Work Energy and Heat, First law of thermodynamics, Properties of pure substances using water as examples, Steamtables, Ideal gas properties and their relations, Reversible ideal non-flow processes Devices for Power generation: Conservation of mass and energy, Steady flow processes, Turbines, Compressors, Heat Exchangers (Condensers), Boilers (Steam Generators) Simple Power Plant Designs: Second law of thermodynamics, Carnot Cycle (Heat engines, Refrigerators, Heat pumps), Analysis of Natural Gas Power Plant (Simple Brayton Cycle), Analysis of Coal/Nuclear Power Plant (Ideal and Superheated Rankine Cycles) PART B - Analysis of Energy Resources and Utilisation Introduction to traditional power systems and energy consumption: Power generation, transmission, distribution and utilisation, system components. Worldwide considerations in generation and energy consumption. Conventional energy resources and power generation: Conventional energy resources: coal, natural oil/gas, nuclear. Conventional power generation: prime movers, generators, power systems. Sustainability and environmental considerations. Renewable energy resources and production: Wind Power generation, Photovoltaic power generation, solar energy extraction and utilisation for space heating and hot water, tidal and wave power generation, hydro, biomass, geo-thermal and tidal energy. Global future trends in renewable energy development. Impact on grid structures. Energy Scenes: The principles of energy audit, the audit process and reporting, energy consumption, prices, costing and tariffs. Local and global energy consumption and growth. Electrical load models, load balancing and scheduling, balancing mechanisms and technologies. Comparison of energy scenes in UK and developing countries. The role of conventional energy generation, conservation and sustainability strategies. Consideration of the application of energy justice principles to worldwide issues involving energy policy, energy production and systems.

Learning Outcomes

On the completion of this module the student should be able to:1. Understand the role of energy as a key resource, in all economic activity and sustainable development and the basic principles of the underlying sciences relating to energy technology: thermodynamics, technologies for energy conversion.2. Identify different types of energy resources, their uses, effectiveness and limitations and the use of analytical methods for determining their effectiveness and limitations.3. Identify environmental impacts of energy production and use, and how these can be mitigated4. Select and apply appropriate analysis techniques to a range of technological energy-related problems.5. Use scientific principles in the modelling and analysis of energy systems and how to develop solutions to problems through a synthesis of ideas from a wide range of sources.6. Assess innovative developments within the energy industry and through application of knowledge and understanding of fundamental scientific principles produce solutions to real world problems.

Teaching / Learning Strategy

The module will provide a strong foundation of engineering practices by developing application-type problems and exercises that use real world physical solutions to stimulate students' interest in energy engineering. A blended learning approach will be used to engage students in the basic concepts, principles and theory using a Virtual Learning Environment (VLE). Flexible learning materials are available, both on and off campus, such as; textbooks, companion websites, videos and other online resources. This flexible approach allows students to identify specific learning materials that suit personal learning styles. Independent study will be encouraged to satisfy the students' own particular interests. The material covered during lectures will be reinforced and consolidated through tutorials and laboratory work to encourage individual learning, broaden understanding and application of energy resources, generation and utilisation. In order for students to capture and identify with the main components of the module, the teaching will be structured into two sections, each consisting of six weeks blocks.

Indicative Reading

-1 Thermodynamics: -3 Yunus-12 A.-1 Cengel-1 and-1 Michael-12 A.-1 Boles,-1 Thermodynamics-12 An Engineering-12 Approach,-1 The-1 McGraw-Hill-1 Higher-1 Education, -1 Fifth Edition 2006. Reading List handed-out in class: Current reports related to power generation/ conventional and renewable resrouces/ energy management/ global energy issues. Indicative reading: Eastop & McConkey, Applied Thermodynamics for Engineering Technologists, John Wiley & Sons, Fifth Edition 1993. M. David Burghardt and James A. Harbach, Engineering Thermodynamics, Harper Collins College Publisher, Fourth Edition 1993. Michael J. Moran, Howa R. Shapiro, Daisied Boettner and Margaret B. Bailey, Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Eight Edition 2015 Hughes, Edward, Hiley John, Brown, K, McKenzie Smith, Iain, Hughes Electrical and Electronic Technology, 12th Edition 2016, Pearson.-1

Transferrable Skills

Specialist knowledge and application. Critical thinking and problem solving. Critical analysis. Communication skills, written, oral and listening. Numeracy. Effective Information retrieval and research skills. Computer literacy. Self confidence, self discipline & self reliance (independent working). Awareness of strengths and weaknesses. Reliability, integrity, honesty and ethical awareness Ability to prioritise tasks and time management (organising and planning work).

Module Structure

Activity Total Hours
Tutorials (FT) 12.00
Practicals (FT) 24.00
Assessment (FT) 20.00
Independent Learning (FT) 120.00
Practicals (PT) 18.00
Assessment (PT) 20.00
Lectures (PT) 24.00
Independent Learning (PT) 126.00
Lectures (FT) 24.00
Tutorials (PT) 12.00

Assessment Methods

Component Duration Weighting Threshold Description
Exam (Exams Office) 2.00 70.00 35% Final Exam4 out of 6 (25 marks) Questions
Coursework 1 n/a 30.00 35% Report comprising the use of thermodynamics to model/calculate power cycles (Part A) and the investigation/comparison of the use of renewables within power systems (Part B).