INTRODUCTORY OCULAR DISEASE

SHE Level 2
SCQF Credit Points 10.00
ECTS Credit Points 5.00
Module Code M2B526612
Module Leader Andrew Logan
School School of Health and Life Sciences
Subject Vision Sciences
Trimester
  • B (January start)

Pre-Requisite Knowledge

SCQF Level 7 Module in Ophthalmic Anatomy & Physiology A; SCQF Level 7 Module in Ophthalmic Anatomy & Physiology B

Summary of Content

This module introduces ocular disease by linking existing knowledge of ocular anatomy and physiology and systemic pathology to diseases of the eye. The aetiology of ocular disease is explored in relation to the anatomy and physiology. In addition, the module is designed to introduce students to working as eyecare professionals and providing assessments of ocular health. To do this, students are introduced to the importance of history and symptoms and carrying out investigations to identify signs of ocular disease. In particular, they will think about what questions and investigations are appropriate and how the results of these aid in the diagnosis of a condition. Students will learn about communication of information about ocular disease to patients and will be introduced to the management options that are available to them.

Syllabus

Introduction to the following three key aspects of ocular disease: -360b7 History and Symptoms b7 Investigations b7 Management Ocular inflammatory disease, including: -360b7 Episcleritis, Scleritis and Uveitis Allergic eye disease, including: -360b7 Seasonal and perennial allergic conjunctivitis b7 Vernal keratoconjunctivitis and Atopic keratoconjunctivitis b7 Giant papillary conjunctivitis Diseases of the Lids, Lashes and Tears, including: -360b7 Blepharitis, Dry eye b7 Ectropion/Entropion, Trichiasis b7 Chalazion and Hordeolum Ocular Infections, including: -360b7 Bacterial and viral conjunctivitis b7 Bacterial keratitis, Fungal keratitis b7 Herpes simplex keratitis, Herpes zoster ophthalmicus b7 Acanthamoeba keratitis The Crystalline lens, including: -360b7 Nuclear cataract, Cortical cataract b7 Anterior and Posterior subcapsular cataract b7 Congenital cataract Ocular First Aid, including: -360b7 Corneal abrasions, Recurrent corneal erosion b7 Mechanical injuries, Non-mechanical injuries Glaucoma, including: -360b7 Open angle glaucoma, Closed angle glaucoma b7 Primary and secondary glaucoma Optic Nerve Head Disorders, including: -360b7 Ischaemia of the optic nerve head b7 Toxicity and the optic nerve head b7 Inflammation of the optic nerve head Retinal Vascular Disease, including: -360b7 Vascular occlusions b7 Hypertensive retinopathy, diabetic retinopathy Macular Disease, including: -360b7 Age-related macular degeneration Vitreous and Retinal Detachment, including: -360b7 Posterior vitreous detachment b7 Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment b7 Tractional and exudative retinal detachments

Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of this module the student should be able to:-1.Understand the terms used in relation to diseases of the eye.2. Apply knowledge of general and ocular anatomy, pathology and systemic conditions to ocular pathology.3. Evaluate symptoms and signs relating to ocular disease.4. Plan appropriate ophthalmic investigations.5. Synthesise structured approaches to clinical examination and management.6. Develop a provisional diagnosis based on clinical history and examination and apply problem solving approaches to test this hypothesis.

Teaching / Learning Strategy

The module will employ a problem-based learning approach to the acquisition of clinical data, the subsequent generation of diagnostic hypotheses and their evaluation as a means of generating differential diagnoses and management planning options. This will be achieved by the use of directed condition investigation by students which will be supported by a number of lectures and seminar sessions in selected topics. The seminars sessions will be Student- led. The combination of elements in the strategy has been specifically designed to promote an effective introduction to the problem-based evaluation of clinical data which is becoming increasingly required of practising optometrists.

Indicative Reading

Essential Reading 1. College of Optometrists. Clinical Management Guidelines. https://www.college-optometrists.org/guidance/clinical-management-guidelines.html. Recommended Reading 2. Salmon JF. Kanski's Clinical Ophthalmology : a Systematic Approach . Ninth edition.; Ninth edition. [Edinburgh] :: Elsevier; 2020. 3. Bowling B, Kanski JJ, eds. Kanski's Clinical Ophthalmology [electronic Resource] : a Systematic Approach . Eighth edition.; Eighth edition. Edinburgh :: Elsevier; 2015. Further Reading 4. Hopkins GA. Ophthalmic Drugs : Diagnostic and Therapeutic Uses /. 5th ed. (Pearson RM, Davies PHO, eds.). Edinburgh :: Butterworth Heinemann/Elsevier,; 2007. 5. Oyster CW. The Human Eye : Structure and Function. Sinauer Associates; 1999. 6. Bruce AS. Anterior Eye Disease and Therapeutics A-Z . 2nd ed.; 2nd ed. (Loughnan MS, ed.). Churchill Livingstone/Elsevier; 2011. 7. Elliott DB, ed. Clinical Procedures in Primary Eye Care [electronic Resource] . Fourth edition.; Fourth edition. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania :: Saunders; 2013.

Transferrable Skills

Time management Analytical skills Professionalism Basic interpretation of clinical significance of symptomatology and diagnostic criteria Development of interpersonal communication skills through group investigations Formulation and testing of clinical hypotheses Presentation skills appropriate to clinical case studies Introductory level clinical interactive communication development High order skills in information retrieval, transfer, liaison, debate, analysis evaluation and clinical decision making A reflective attitude to all aspects of patient-practitioner interaction

Module Structure

Activity Total Hours
Lectures (FT) 35.00
Assessment (FT) 2.50
Seminars (FT) 10.00
Independent Learning (FT) 52.50

Assessment Methods

Component Duration Weighting Threshold Description
Course Work 01 n/a 30.00 35% Seminar presentation to peers
Exam (Exams Office) 2.00 70.00 35% unseen written examination