SHE Level 2
SCQF Credit Points 20.00
ECTS Credit Points 10.00
Module Code M2B522302
Module Leader Lyle Gray
School School of Health and Life Sciences
Subject Vision Sciences
  • A (September start)

Pre-Requisite Knowledge

M1B521880, Refraction & Binocular Vision 1; M1B522295, Foundations of Optics

Summary of Content

Examination of the structure of the eye and adnexa. Recording of clinical findings by photgraphs and diagrammatic means. The theoretical and practical basis for investigation of a variety of ocular anatomical and physiological parameters. Interpretation of the significance of the results of investigative procedures and criteria for referral for further medical investigation


Lectures Instrumentaton - Principles of Design and Practcal Use of: Direct Ophthalmoscope/Indirect ophthalmoscope/Fundus Camera/Keratometer/Corneal topographer - fundamentals/Slit Lamp Techniques in Ocular Examinaton External eye - fundamentals Direct observaton/Slit lamp biomicroscopy/Keratometry Internal eye - fundamentals Ocular media - slit lamp/Fundus - ophthalmoscopy Ocular biometry Ultrasound/Partal coherence interferometry Fundamental Concepts in Intraocular Pressure & Tonometry Physiological basis of IOP/Normal physiological variatons in IOP/Pathological variaton in IOP/Primary Open Aangle Glaucoma Principles of tonometry Indentaton/Applanaton/Non-contact Instrumentaton Non-contact tonometers/Contact Tonometry Fundamental Concepts of Visual Fields and their Measurement Anatomy of the visual pathway - review/Visual pathway lesions and associated visual feld loss Visual feld assessment Confrontaton/Bjerrum/VF screeners - Semi-automated & Automated/Statc Perimetry/Comparison of feld testng strategies of specifc instruments (manual & semi- automated perimeters) Labs/tutorials Direct ophthalmoscopy Indirect ophthalmoscopy Fundus Photography Pupil refexes Keratometry/Corneal Topography Slit lamp Non-contact tonometry Confrontaton Bjerrum Semi-auto VFA

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module, students should be able to:Understand the theoretical principles of ocular measurement and obtain clinically valid measures of the ocular components.Examine the structures of the eye using a variety of techniques and obtain accurate photographic records of ocular structures.Measure the extent of any visual field loss and interpret the degree and pattern of loss in a clinical context by graphical and statistical means.Obtain valid clinical measurements of the intraocular pressure using a variety of contact & non-contact techniques and interpret and evaluate the clinical significance of results.Generate and systematically pursue a line of investigative enquiry independently.Demonstrate an enquiring and analytical approach to investigation of visual function.Demonstrate appropriate skills to successfully engage in continuing professional development through lifelong learning

Teaching / Learning Strategy

This module comprises a programme of lectures and practical clinical sessions. Practical clinical sessions will provide students with the opportunity to consolidate the theoretical knowledge gained in lectures, and enable students to develop a range of clinical skills for the investigation of the normal and abnormal eye.

Indicative Reading

Anderson D R Perimetry: (1987) With and Without Automaton. Mosby. St. Louis. Bennet A, Rabbets R (1989) Clinical Visual Optcs. Buterworths. London. Chaplin, N. and Edwards, R., (1998) Clinical Ocular Photography, Slack Chaplin, N. and Edwards, R., (1998) Visual felds, Slack Cunningham, D., (1998) Clinical Ocular Photography, Slack Cunningham, D., (1998) The Slit Lamp Primer, Slack Davson H (1990) Physiology of the Eye. MacMillam London. Doshi & Harvey (2003) Investgatve techniques and ocular examinaton. Buterworth & Heinemann Drance S M, Anderson D R (1985) Automatc Perimetry in Glaucoma. Grune & Straton Orlando. Edwards K, Llewellyn R (1988) Optometry. Buterworths. London. Elliot (2007) Clinical Procedures in Primary Eye Care. Buterworth & Heinemann Eskridge, J.B., Amos, J.F. and Bartlet, J.D., (1991) Clinical Precedures in Optometry - Lippincot Harrington D O, Drake M V (1990) The Visual Fields. 6th Edn. Mosby St. Louis. Henson D B (1983 and 1996) Optometric Instrumentaton. Buterworths. London. Henson D B (1983) Optometric Instrumentaton. Buterworths. London. Henson D B (1993) Visual Fields OUP. New York. Kritzinger E E, Beaumont H M (1987) A Colour Atlas of Optc Disc Abnormalites. Wolfe. London. Muchnick B G (1994) Clinical Medicine in Optometric Practce. Mosby. St Louis. Reed H, Drance S M (1972) The Essentals of Perimetry. OUP. London. Rosenfeld M, Logan N, Edwards K (2009) Optometry. Buterworth-Heinemann Selected references from relevant journals Zadnik, K., (1997) The Ocular Examinatons, W. B. Saunders

Transferrable Skills

Use of diagnostic instrumentation. Critical interpretation and evaluation of the clinical significe of diagnostic characteristics. Use of advanced diagnostic instrumentation. Critical interpretation of evaluation of the clinical significance of diagnostic characteristics and criteria. Clinical high levels verbal and non-verbal communication development of patient-practitioner interactive skills. Social, verbal and non-verbal communicaiton skills

Module Structure

Activity Total Hours
Practicals (FT) 36.00
Lectures (FT) 36.00
Independent Learning (FT) 116.00
Assessment (FT) 12.00

Assessment Methods

Component Duration Weighting Threshold Description
Exam (Exams Office) 2.00 60.00 35% Unseen written paper
Course Work 01 n/a 40.00 35% Trimester 1 Practical Assessment