SHE Level 2
SCQF Credit Points 10.00
ECTS Credit Points 5.00
Module Code M2B521622
Module Leader Gael Gordon
School School of Health and Life Sciences
Subject Vision Sciences
  • B (January start)

Summary of Content

-108 Ophthalmic administration: all legislation relating to Ophthalmic practice; the Opticians Act, NHS and General Ophthalmic Services. General law: Law of Contract, Negligence, Consumer Law etc. Management: An understanding of key management issues relevant to professional practice, risk management and health and safety. Medical ethics and audit: the principles of medical ethics audit principles as they apply in private practice and within the Hospital Eye Service.


Ophthalmic Administration The Opticians Act 1958, Health and Social Security Act 1984, Health and Medicines Act 1988, The Opticians Act 1989. The General Optical Council, Committees, Registration, Rules, Disciplinary Procedures. The National Health Service, NHS organisation in Scotland, England and Wales, General Ophthalmic Service, NHS Administration, GOS forms. Health Service Complaints Procedure: local resolution, NHS tribunal. Professional bodies, organisation, functions, guidelines, codes of conduct. General Law Introduction to Scots Law: sources of the Law, in particular legislation and judicial precedent. The court system in Scotland. Law of contract: Discussion of obligations undertaken by agreement (contract) and those imposed by the law (negligence). Gratuitous promises, Formation of a contract, Consensus in id em, Error, Formality - Probative writing, Pactum illicitum - restrictive covenants, Remedies for Breach of Contract, Rescission, Damages, Specific Implement, Defensive remedies, Termination of a Contract. Consumer Law: Sale of Goods Act 1979, Implied Terms, Ownership and Risk, Sale by non-owner, Performance of a contract, Remedies for Breach of Contract, Production Liability, Buyer's contractual rights, manufacturer's guarantees, Consumer Protection Act 1987. Health and Safety Legislation Management Key management functions that underpin good practice; identifies the value adding activities in the practice of Optometry and Ophthalmic Dispensing; identifies and defines good professional practice which encompasses the various activities, conducts, procedures and practices for effective management of professional organisations; 'management of resources' including human, financial, technological and intellectual. Personnel management, managing people, communication, leadership, appraisal, recruitment Formulating a business plan, forecasting, organisation and control. Medical Ethics and Audit The foundation of medical ethics applied to clinical practice and development of ethical perspectives. Relevant ethical issues in clinical practice; confidentiality; reconciliation of commercial and ethical issues; Equality Act 2010 and Data Protection. Clinical governance in relation to Optometry and Ophthalmic Dispensing Audit of clinical outcomes, both large and small scale. Consent for research and Declaration of Helsinki.

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module, students should be able to demonstrate:A knowledge and understanding of management theory in relation to management of an optical practice.A knowledge and understanding of the principles of consumer and contract lawA sound knowledge and understanding of legislation relating to The Opticians Act 1989An understanding of the functions of the relevant professional bodiesKnowledge of the functions of the General Optical Council, including understanding of fitness to practiceNational Health Service organisation and practice within General Ophthalmic Services, Ethical guidelines and standardsClinical governance including audit

Teaching / Learning Strategy

This course will be delivered principally by lectures with some directed learning. Some independent learning will be expected

Indicative Reading

-9126 Boddy, D. (2008) Management: An Introduction, (Fourth Edition), Harlow, Prentice Hall. -88 Campbell, D and Craig, T (2005) Organisations and their Environment (second edition), Oxford, Butterworth-Heinemann. Campbell, D., Stonehouse, G. and Houston, B. (2004) Business Strategy (2nd Edition), Oxford, Butterworth-Heinemann. Display Screen Equipment (1995) Health & Safety Executive. Health & Safety at Work Act 1974. HMSO. King S, (2008) The Optometry Red Book, AOP London Spurgeon P (1993) The New Face of the NHS. Longman. Harlow Taylor D P (2002) Law in Optometric Practice. Butterworth-Heinemann London. The Optician's Act 1989. HMSO. Westwood, F. (2001) Achieving Best Practice: Shaping Professionals for Success, London, McGraw Hill. (CORE TEXT) Wylie AB, Crossan SJ (2010) Introductory Scots Law: Theory and Practice (2 nd Ed), Hodder Gibson. (CORE TEXT)

Transferrable Skills

Application of the principles of consumer and contract law General understanding of the ophthalmic profession Application of ethical principles Time management, analytical skills, professionalism and ICT

Module Structure

Activity Total Hours
Independent Learning (FT) 40.00
Assessment (FT) 20.00
Lectures (FT) 40.00

Assessment Methods

Component Duration Weighting Threshold Description
Course Work 01 n/a 100.00 40% continuous assessment; written assignments, MCTs