OPHTHALMIC PATHOLOGY AND PHARMACOLOGY

SHE Level 2
SCQF Credit Points 20.00
ECTS Credit Points 10.00
Module Code M2B521619
Module Leader Suzanne Hagan
School School of Health and Life Sciences
Subject Vision Sciences
Trimester
  • A (September start)-B (January start)

Pre-Requisite Knowledge

M1B521614 - OPHTHALMIC ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY 1

Summary of Content

The module assumes an adequate prior knowledge of ocular anatomy and physiology and concentrates on the aspects of pathology and pharmacology both directly relevant to Dispensing Practice and the management of a general Ophthalmic Practice by a Dispensing Optician.

Syllabus

At a level commensurate with a Dispensing Optician not specifically qualified to fit contact lenses or in other specialist areas: Nomenclature of pathology; External eye disease (Conjunctivitis, red eye, etc) including their management; Introduction to dermatology; Contact lens complications; Internal eye disease (ARMD, cataract, RP, retinal/vitreous detachment, glaucoma including management) and related pathological Fields: Systemic disease; Ocular manifestations; MS; Hypertension; Myasthenia gravis; Diabetes; Systemic lupus erythematosus; Sickle cell anaemia; Thyroid eye disease; Iatrogenic eye disease (Drugs or surgery); Metaplasia; Headache; Ocular Emergencies; Referral criteria and routes (optometrist, GP, A&E, etc); Limits of responsibilities and record-keeping (in context); Permitted ocular first-aid; Communication with the lay public; Overview of the treatment of ocular disease, a patients perspective. Drugs used in optical practice (including current and proposed law on therapeutics); Contact lens care solutions (formulations and use); Dietary supplements; medicines for human use; pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics; adrenergic neurotransmission; cholinergic neurotransmission. Introduction to cell biology; variations in size and shape reflecting functions; ultrastructure of generalised cell; plasma membrane structure; membrane permeability and driving forces for membrane transport; passive and active transport mechanisms; cellular functions; respiration, growth and protein synthesis; the cell cycle; events during interphase; mitosis; cytokinesis; cellular communication in tissues; programmed cell death; apoptosis; general introduction to microbiology; bacterial cell structure and function; microbial nutrition, metabolism, growth conditions and replication; virus/ fungal/ protozoan structure and function/ replication; prions. All elements include the relevant referral criteria, management with particular reference to the eye. Review of ocular anatomy.

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module, students should be able to: Demonstrate communication Skills. The ability to seek and communicate relevant information from and to patients in an effective and appropriate manner (in the context of pharmacology, microbiology and pathology).Show professional conduct in fulfilling his/her duty of care as a Dispensing Optician (in the context of pharmacology, microbiology and pathology).Demonstrate the ability to recognise conditions and symptoms of ocular disease and abnormalities requiring referral and/or emergency referral and the demonstration of the ability to take appropriate action.Demonstrate the ability to identify common diseases of the external eye and adnexa.Understand the symptoms associated with internal eye disease.Understand the clinical treatment of a range of significant ocular diseases/disorders and conditions.Understand the clinical treatment of a range of systemic diseases with ocular manifestations and adverse ocular reactions to medication.Understand the implications of the manifestations of eye disease.Demonstrate the ability to recognise and deal with ocular emergencies.Demonstrate the ability to consider the effectiveness of current refraction of patients with low visual acuity and to refer back where appropriate.Demonstrate the ability to discuss with the patient an understanding of systemic disease and its ocular impact, its treatment and the possible ocular side effects of medication.

Teaching / Learning Strategy

The module will be principally lectures and tutorial-based, supported by independent reading and private study and laboratory work, as appropriate.

Indicative Reading

Tortora GJ Derricksoni S. (2008 et seq) Principles of Anatomy and Physiology 12th ed. John Wiley and Sons (WIE) Doughty MJ. Drugs (2004 et seq) Medications and the Eye13 th edition ISBN 0-7506-4500-8. Smawcastellane Information Services, Helensburgh, Scotland. Willey JM, Sherwood LM and Woolverton CJ (2011) Prescott's Microbiology , 8th Ed, McGraw-Hill. ISBN: 978-007-131367-4 Kanski Clinical Ophthalmology 5th Ed (2007 et seq). Butterworth Heinemann; ISBN: 0080449692 Oyster CW (2006) The Human Eye: Structure and Function. Sinauer Associates Incorporated; ISBN: 0-87893-6440 Underwood Cross (2009), General & Systemic Pathology, Churchill Livingstone Robbins and Cotran (2012) Pathologic Basis of Disease (8th Edition) Underwood JCE, Cross SS. (2009 et seq) General and Systemic Pathology, 5 th ed, Churchill Livingstone (Elsevier); ISBN: 978-0-443-06888-1.

Transferrable Skills

Laboratory skills; Social, verbal and non-verbal communication skills and interview technique; High order skills in information transfer, liaison, debate, analysis. Manual dexterity; Interpretation of clinical data; Record keeping; Empathy; Impartial and impassionate treatment of the problems of others.

Module Structure

Activity Total Hours
Assessment (FT) 22.00
Lectures (FT) 36.00
Independent Learning (FT) 100.00
Practicals (FT) 42.00

Assessment Methods

Component Duration Weighting Threshold Description
Course Work 01 n/a 50.00 35% Class tests, 2 video scenarios, papthology poster
Exam (Exams Office) 2.00 50.00 35% unseen written paper