SHE Level 2
SCQF Credit Points 20.00
ECTS Credit Points 10.00
Module Code M2B123720
Module Leader Elaine Gribben
School School of Health and Life Sciences
Subject Biological and Biomedical Sciences
  • A (September start)-B (January start)
  • A (September start)-B (January start)-C (May start)

Pre-Requisite Knowledge

Successful completion of Neurophysiology 1

Summary of Content

The module will provide detailed coverage of the anatomy and physiology of the CNS and its circulation. It will provide the student with an understanding of the practical effects of the different types of stimuli used in clinical neurophysiology. It considers EEG recording practice issues in environments outside the dedicated EEG Laboratory (e.g. ITU, Operating Theatre), and includes discussion of polygraphic techniques. Abnormal waveforms and their causative pathology in EEG & EP are considered.


Neuroanatomy & Neurophysiology Major divisions of the nervous system: cerebrum, cerebellum, brainstem, spinal cord. Subdivisions: cerebral hemispheres, lobes, internal capsule, thalami, pons, medulla, mid-brain, meninges. Peripheral nervous system: cranial nerves, peripheral nerves, neuropathies, spinal roots, nerve-muscle physiology, myopathies. Cerebral circulation: control of cerebral blood flow, effect of altered blood gases, cerebral vascular disease, measurement of cerebral blood flow, CSF (production, constituents, circulation, pressure). Recording practice Recording in the on-dedicated recording environment (ITU, operating theatre: consideration of associated technical problems (earthing, safety, interference). Polygraphy: respiration, movement, ECG, eye movement, EMG; polysomnography, prolonged EEG monitoring (video EEG, videotelemetry, ambulatory EEG, CFAM) Abnormal findings, pathology and treatment EEG investigation of: space-occupying pathologies, infective disorders, degenerative disorders, cerebrovascular disorders. Control of consciousness Reticular activating system, sleep/wake cycle, influence of brainstem, levels of consciousness defined by EEG.

Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of this module the student should be able to:1. Describe the detailed anatomy and physiology of the brain and its circulation.2. Explain the role of the reticular formation in consciousness.3. Appraise the use of polysomnography as a method of investigating sleep disorders.4. Evaluate the efficacy of EEG work-up investigations as a basis for surgical treatment.5. Correlate stimuli characteristics with the effect on recorded waveforms.6. Discuss critically the problems and special issues associated with making recordings in a non-dedicated environment.

Teaching / Learning Strategy

The module material will be delivered mainly by senior NHS Practitioners, clinicians and consultants via a combination of lectures and tutorials together with directed learning exercises, practical problems and data interpretation. Lectures will provide the foundation material for the module which will be supplemented and enhanced by material presented in tutorials and laboratories. Tutorials will also allow practical applications of individual topics to the students' own work experience to be examined and discussed.

Indicative Reading

Suggested Reading: Brodal, P. (2010) The Central Nervous System . 4 th Edition. Oxford. Naish, J. et al . (2011) Medical Sciences . Saunders. Michael-Titus, A. et al . (2010) The Nervous System: Basic Science and Clinical Conditions . 2 nd Edition. Churchill Livingstone. Grossman, S. (2013) Porth's Pathophysiology: Concepts of Altered Health States . 9 th Edition. Lippincott. Martini, F.H. et al . (2014) Fundamentals of Anatomy & Physiology . 10 th Edition. Pearson.

Transferrable Skills

Data analysis and interpretation Problem solving Practical skills Application of theory to practice Time management Teamworking during group sessions Communication skills

Module Structure

Activity Total Hours
Tutorials (FT) 10.00
Lectures (FT) 50.00
Independent Learning (FT) 120.00
Assessment (FT) 20.00

Assessment Methods

Component Duration Weighting Threshold Description
Exam (Dept) 01 1.00 50.00 35% Objective
Exam (Dept) 02 1.00 50.00 35% Short Answer