HEALTH PERSPECTIVES IN PHYSIOTHERAPY PRACTICE

SHE Level 1
SCQF Credit Points 20.00
ECTS Credit Points 10.00
Module Code M1B125956
Module Leader Elaine Coulter
School School of Health and Life Sciences
Subject Physiotherapy
Trimester
  • B (January start)

Summary of Content

This module introduces and explores contemporary issues and trends relating to the practice of physiotherapy in a variety of healthcare and health promotion settings. In particular the influence of age, gender, culture and socio-economic status on health will be considered. It will introduce models of healthcare delivery whilst recognising the diversity of emerging healthcare environments (eg. NHS, acute/primary care, independent/private sector, third sector etc). The reorientation of health care practice from therapy to prevention will be emphasised. It will enable students to develop their understanding of health from a population perspective and to understand the relevance of changing patterns of health problems and longevity (this will consider both local issues and global healthcare trends). Students will be introduced to rudimentary methods of clinical evaluation to develop an understanding of the concept, dimensions and determinants of health and well-being and the problems inherent in health measurement. This module would introduce many central concepts related to health & wellbeing (eg. Health education and exercise promotion, rehabilitation & enablement, management of long term conditions, holism and client centredness, cultural diversity, the empathetic practitioner). The use of the ICF as a structure to assessment, care planning and delivery and how an asset based model could be developed by physiotherapists will also be encouraged. Factors influencing health related behaviour and the use of a range of strategies to influence health related behaviour change will be introduced (eg. Motivational interviewing). The preparation of health -related educational material for clients and families will also be addressed. The module will stress the importance of being knowledgeable with regard to current national topics, policies and strategies and how physiotherapists can utilise their knowledge and skills not only across existing healthcare environments but also in developing and establishing contemporary roles for the profession.

Syllabus

Essentially this module sets out to contextualise the role of the physiotherapist within a variety of healthcare settings. The syllabus will cover the current trends in longevity and changing nature of health problems. Acknowledgement of healthcare environments will be considered in relation to age, gender, culture and socio-economic status, health at work and the management of long-term conditions. This will also address key global and national health topics and policies and the management strategies which highlight the role of the physiotherapist in leading behaviour change with regards to physical activity, sedentary behaviour and the promotion of health and well-being. Strategies for influencing health related behaviour change and methods of disseminating health promotion material will be introduced. The ideology behind client-centredness and holism will feature alongside the physiotherapist's relationship towards their client, as an empathetic practitioner. The International Classification of Functioning, Disability & Health (ICF) framework will be used as a construct for the evaluation of individual health needs. Primary data collection skills and descriptive analysis will be introduced as part of basic report writing with relevant legislation or policies in relation to data collection for a variety patient groups. Basic entrepreneurial skills will be introduced in the context of developing the profession as exercise champions and agents of change. Professionalism, professional growth and development will be covered (inc. HCPC Standards of practice and CSP code of conduct). Students will attend observational placement to practice sites at which they will build on their ability to work in partnership with others, communicate effectively with clients and key individuals, practice high standards of personal and professional conduct and recognise risk and risk mitigation in the healthcare setting.

Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of the module students should be able to:1. Discuss the varying concepts and dimensions of health and appreciate changing perceptions with age, health and functional status, gender, culture, environment and socio-economic status2. Explain and identify the key global and national health topics and the policy measures being used to address them3. Identify a variety of methods with which to measure health status and apply a data collection technique and interpret findings in relation to a health-related behaviour4. Recognise the factors influencing health related behaviour and behaviour change5. Explain the range of skills required to work effectively within public health and health promotion6. Outline opportunities for contemporary roles in Physiotherapy practice

Teaching / Learning Strategy

A variety of different strategies will be used to encourage active student engagement with the material and exploration of the complexities of health and health related behaviour. The methods used will include: inter-active tutorials to introduce students to new topic areas; task-oriented group work; student led presentation and seminar sessions; interviews with service users; the use of patient "stories", practical sessions on communication strategies. There will also be a practice based aspect to this module which will allow the student to contextualize the learning outcomes in a "live" practice setting. GCULearn will be used as a repository for teaching material by both staff and students and also as a source of useful websites and relevant government documents. Students will be provided with formative feedback throughout the module, by their peers and staff. The module will also offer an introductory exposure to practice through weekly visits to a variety of physiotherapy environments. Students will also engage in reflection within the module through written accounts whilst on placement. There will be an opportunity for formative feedback on this and through the development of a case study.

Indicative Reading

Bowling A. 2005. Measuring Health - A Review of Quality of Life Measurement Scales. 3rd edn. Open University Press. CSP 2011. Code of Members' Professional Values and Behaviour. CSP: London. Available [online] at: <http://www.csp.org.uk/publications/code-members-professional-values-behaviour> Fuller, C. 2008. A toolkit of motivational skills: encouraging and supporting change in individuals, John Wiley & Sons Ltd. (e-book). Glasgow Centre for Population Health available [online] at: <http://www.gcph.co.uk> Gottwald, M. & Goodman-Brown, J. 2012. A Guide to Practical Health Promotion, Open University Press (e-book). -720 Graham, H. 2009. Understanding Health Inequalities, CSP 2011. Code of Members' Professional Values and Behaviour. CSP: London. Available [online] at: <http://www.csp.org.uk/publications/code-members-professional-values-behaviour> Fuller, C. 2008. A toolkit of motivational skills: encouraging and supporting change in individuals, John Wiley & Sons Ltd. (e-book). Glasgow Centre for Population Health available [online] at: <http://www.gcph.co.uk> Gottwald, M. & Goodman-Brown, J. 2012. A Guide to Practical Health Promotion, Open University Press (e-book). Graham, H. 2009. Understanding Health Inequalities, Open University Press. (e-book). HCPC 2012. Standards of conduct, performance and ethics. HCPC: London. Available [online] at: <http://www.hpc-uk.org/aboutregistration/standards/standardsofconductperformanceandethics/> Mason P. & Butler C., 2010. Health Behaviour Change: A Guide for Practitioners, 2nd edn., Churchill Livingstone. Marks D., Murray M., Evans B., Estacio E. 2011. Health Psychology. Theory, Research and Practice, 3rd edn., Sage. Naidoo J. and Wills J. 2011. Developing practice for public health and health promotion, 3rd edn. BailliereTindall (e-book). Scriven A. 2010. Promoting Health: A Practical Guide, 6th edn.,BailliereTindall (e-book). Scottish Public Health Observatory. Available [online] at: http://www.scotpho.org.uk/ World Health Organisation 2011. Global status report on non-communicable diseases. Available [online] at: <http://www.who.int/nmh/publications/ncd_report2010/en/index.html>

Transferrable Skills

As part of the learning process within the module, students will develop skills associated with: communication / interviewing; working as part of a group; time management; the use of contemporary literature; data collecting and analysis, compiling, presenting and presenting material/reports to groups. Practice observational visits will build on students personal and professional conduct, risk management and knowledge of onward referrals to other health care professionals.

Module Structure

Activity Total Hours
Tutorials (FT) 25.00
Independent Learning (FT) 80.00
Assessment (FT) 20.00
Placement 75.00

Assessment Methods

Component Duration Weighting Threshold Description
Coursework 1 n/a 100.00 40% Group Project - 1,500 Words. Learning Outcomes 1-6