HUMAN MOVEMENT: BIOMECHANICS AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY

SHE Level 1
SCQF Credit Points 20.00
ECTS Credit Points 10.00
Module Code M1B125953
Module Leader Chee-Wee Tan
School School of Health and Life Sciences
Subject Physiotherapy
Trimester
  • A (September start)-B (January start)

Summary of Content

Students will devise individualised exercise programmes for a range of client groups. In this, attention will be focussed on the health and safety principles in exercise prescription and in the environment in which students will be working. The principles of aerobic training for both health and fitness will be studied and students will apply that knowledge in designing and executing a group exercise class. Tissue mechanics, including tissue reaction to temperature and loading during movement and lack of movement, will be studied to underpin skills, knowledge and understanding of flexibility exercises.

Syllabus

The syllabus will cover b7 Basic biomechanics including force analysis, Newton's laws (inertia and momentum), mass and stability, principles of work, energy transfers and impulse b7 Tissue mechanic principles including creep, stress relaxation, hysteresis, stress strain curve, viscoelasticity b7 Observation and analysis of sitting and standing postures b7 Observation and detailed analysis of various functional tasks including lying to sitting, sit-to-stand and stand-to-sit, normal walking, stair ascent and descent, various functional upper limb tasks b7 Principles of muscle training including overload and specificity b7 Principles of aerobic training for health and fitness, FITT principles, vo2 max and target heart rate b7 How to teach and lead group exercise classes safely and effectively, aerobic exercise prescription b7 Principles and techniques of muscle facilitation and re-education b7 The Construction of individualised training programmes b7 Muscle imbalance and restoration of functional activities b7 Motor relearning and skills acquisition. b7 Use of mobility aids (sticks, crutches and frames) b7 Individualised home exercise programmes b7 Flexibility exercises and specific stretching techniques (passive, active and PNF) b7 Superficial heating and neuromuscular electrical stimulation & cold? b7 Flow and hydrotherapy principles b7 Field trip to hydrotherapy pool b7 Professionalism and health and Safety

Learning Outcomes

On Successful completion of this module the student should be able to:1. Explain how human movement is affected by anatomy, biomechanics, physiology and environment factors.2. Identify and analyse sitting and standing postures3. Analyse various functional tasks; including, gait, sit-to-stand and reach to grasp4. Demonstrate and explain the rationale for appropriate selection and teaching of mobility aids for various client groups across all ages5. Design and reason individualised progressive exercise programmes for various client groups across all ages in various settings: strengthening, aerobic exercise for health and home exercise programmes6. Design and reason individualised progressive exercise programmes for various client groups across all ages in various settings: flexibility, for health and home exercise programmes7. Explain and execute appropriate assessment, instruction, health & safety for strengthening, flexibility, aerobic exercise for health and home exercise programmes

Teaching / Learning Strategy

This module is aligned with Glasgow Caledonian Universities Strategy for Learning. The principle of engagement led learning is used for active participation of students in small group tutorials and practical classes. Different methods of continuous feedback based on GCU feedback principles, will be given throughout the year. This module uses a blended approach to tailor the individualised needs of each student. Most of the engagement led activities are designed to specifically develop the GCU's Common Good attributes. There is emphasis on peer teaching, learning and feedback through the year. Topic overview will be provided through podcasts and key note lectures and most sessions will be practical in nature. Weekly learning objectives and self-assessment questions will be provided in the module handbook. There will be formative assessment in both trimesters and three group presentation tasks.

Indicative Reading

Biomechanics Kerr, A., 2010. Introductory biomechanics e-book. Elsevier Health Sciences. Perry, J. and Burnfield, J.M., 2010. Gait analysis: normal and pathological function. 2nd. Thorofare, NJ: Slack Incorporated. Levine, D., Richards, J. and Whittle, M.W., 2012. Whittle's Gait Analysis-E-Book. Elsevier Health Sciences. Physiology McArdle, W.D., Katch, F.I. and Katch, V.L., 2010. Exercise physiology: nutrition, energy, and human performance. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Therapeutic exercise stretching, strengthening and aerobic exercise) Huber, F.E. and Wells, C.L., 2006. Therapeutic exercise: Treatment planning for progression. Elsevier Saunders. Other references American College of Sports Medicine, 2013. ACSM's guidelines for exercise testing and prescription. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Bandy and Saunders (2006) Therapeutic exercise. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Maryland USA Department of Health: Physical Activity, Health Improvement and Protection, Start Active, Stay Active: A Report on Physical Activity from the Four Home Countries' Chief Medical Officers, Department of Health, London, UK, 2011. Department of Health., 2009. Be Active, Be Healthy. A plan for getting the nation moving. Department of Health 2001. Exercise Referral Systems: A National Quality Assurance Framework. London: Department Everett, T. and Kell, C., 2010. Human Movement E-Book: An Introductory Text. Elsevier health sciences. Fleck, S.J. and Kraemer, W., 2014. Designing resistance training programs, 4E. Human Kinetics. Hamill, J. and Knutzen, K.M., 2006. Biomechanical basis of human movement. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Kisner, C., Colby, L.A. and Borstad, J., 2017. Therapeutic exercise: Foundations and techniques. Fa Davis. Michlovitz, S.L., Bellew. J. & Nolan, T, P., 2011 Modalities for Therapeutic Interventions Illustrated Edition F A Davis, Philadelphia, USA Powers, S.K. and Howley, E.T., 2007. Exercise physiology: Theory and application to fitness and performance (pp. 303-308). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill. Ratamess, N., 2012. ACSM's Foundations of Strength Training and Conditioning. Chine: Lippincott Williams &Wilkins. Thow, M. ed., 2006. Exercise leadership in cardiac rehabilitation: an evidence-based approach. John Wiley & Sons. UK, P.A.T.F., 2003. Let's make Scotland more active: a strategy for physical activity. Let's make Scotland more active: a strategy for physical activity. Watson, T. ed., 2008. Electrotherapy E-Book: evidence-based practice. Elsevier Health Sciences. World Health Organization, Global Recommendations on Physical Activity for Health, WHO Press, Geneva, Switzerland 2010

Transferrable Skills

This module will help develop and expand students' team working skills, critical thinking, providing peer feedback and self-appraisal. The integrated student led sessions with Human Movement: Anatomy and Examination will help develop and build their leadership and organisational skills. As part of practical sessions using case histories, students will enhance their problem solving skills, observation skills and note writing skills. There will be opportunities to work with digital images and graphics software thus enhancing their competencies. As part of the formative assessment student will develop time management and presentation skills.

Module Structure

Activity Total Hours
Assessment (FT) 20.00
Tutorials (FT) 30.00
Lectures (FT) 12.00
Independent Learning (FT) 108.00
Practicals (FT) 30.00

Assessment Methods

Component Duration Weighting Threshold Description
Exam (Dept) 01 n/a 50.00 35% Practical Viva - 25 Minutes. Learning Outcomes 1-4, 6 & 7
Coursework 1 n/a 50.00 35% Coursework - 1,000 Words (Learning Outcome 5)