THE ART AND SCIENCE OF NURSING

SHE Level 5
SCQF Credit Points 15.00
ECTS Credit Points 7.50
Module Code MMB723570
Module Leader Sandra Johnston
School School of Health and Life Sciences
Subject Nursing
Trimesters
  • B (January start)
  • A (September start)

Pre-Requisite Knowledge

None

Summary of Content

This theory-based module consists of an agenda of issues relating to the art and science of nursing. It embraces the concepts of health, person, environment and nurse to inform an understanding of holistic nursing practice. Students will gain an in-depth knowledge of nursing frameworks in addition to health, strategies for healthcare delivery and political drivers to enable a critical reflection of contemporary nursing and healthcare practice. The motivation to 'do good' is the embodiment of the art and science of nursing and students will develop an understanding of how to creatively pursue good care in the 21 st century.

Syllabus

Health Concepts of health and illness Health across the lifespan Health improvement, maintenance and prevention of ill-health Health promotion and education Health needs assessment Globalisation of health and illness and meeting the needs of those with a range of health related challenges Person Person centred care and its constituents Holistic needs of persons across the age spectrum from the beginning to the end of life Care of vulnerable people such as pregnant women, babies, children and clients who have learning difficulties or mental health concerns Environment The changing context and delivery of care in contemporary society - community settings, acute care & emergency services, hospital in-patient, hospice care and third sector agencies Strategies that support the patient at home, early intervention and better access to safe and effective alternatives to avoid hospital care, Identifying appropriate responses to crisis, deterioration in condition, and end of life care Anticipatory care Healthcare, politics and policy directives/drivers, e.g. setting the direction and the integration of health and social services Internationalisation of health care Nurse Defining nursing and role of the nurse in an ever changing environment Future direction of nursing Nursing theories and models - exploration of how/why models need to be applied in a variety of contexts, to include person and family centred care, Approaches to care including holistic assessment, care planning, self management, and inter-professional working Culturally sensitive care Optimising health assets (assets based, salutogenesis, co-production, personal outcomes) activities of living, self care The nurse patient/client relationship - interpersonal and communication theories and strategies to facilitate effective relationships in a care context Competences D1 1.1, 1,2,3,4,5,6,7, 9, D2 1,2,3,3.1,4,5,6 D3 1,1.1, 2,4,4.2, 5,6,7,7.1,7.2, 8, 8.1,9, D4 1,2,4,6,7

Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of this module students should be able to:1. Critically evaluate the theories underpinning nursing frameworks and models including complementary approaches to health. 2. Appraise the holistic needs of patients, clients and service users with a range of health related challenges across the age spectrum, from the beginning to the end of life 3. Justify the promotion of early interventions to improve life chances and prevent ill health4. Critically analyse how culture and environmental factors can influence an individual's experience of health and illness5. Compare and contrast the range of approaches to patient, family centred care and their application in a variety of contexts6. Critique interpersonal and communication theories and strategies to underpin relationships in a care context

Teaching / Learning Strategy

Teaching and learning strategies will incorporate tutorial group sessions, lectures, self-directed and on line learning. Key nursing theory will be delivered using a blended approach of on line, classroom based tutorials and lectures. Learning and teaching strategies will enhance student engagement, accessibility, flexibility and personalisation of the curriculum through the use of technology/digital learning where appropriate. Lecturers, service partners, users, carers and students will contribute to the authenticity of the teaching and learning experience. Formative assessment will include presentation of the first patch supported by a 500 word referenced explanation

Indicative Reading

Alligood, M.R. & Marriner - Tomey, A. (eds.) 2010, Nursing theorists and their work , 7 th edn, Mosby, St Louis Bach, S; Grant, A. 2011. Communication and Interpersonal Skills in Nursing . 2 nd edn, Learning Matters. Exeter Brooker, C. & Waugh, A. (eds) 2013, Foundations of Nursing Practice: Fundamentals of Holistic Care , 2 nd edn. Elsevier, Edinburgh. Cooper, K. & Gosnel, K. 2014, Foundations of Nursing E-book 7 th edition. Elservier, Edinburgh Cutcliffe, J.R. & McKenna, H.P. (eds.) 2005, The essential concepts of nursing . Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh. Edwards, S.D. 2009, Nursing ethics: a principle-based approach, 2 nd edn, Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke. Evans, E., Coutsaftiki, D. & Fathers, C.P. 2014. Health Promotion and Public Health for Nursing Students , 2 nd edn, Learning Matters. Exeter Glasper, A., McEwing, G., & Richardson, J. (eds) 2009, Foundation Skills for Caring , Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke. Griffith, R. & Tengnah, C. 2008, Law and professional issues in nursing , Learning Matters, Exeter. Hinchliff, S. Norman, S. & Schober, J., eds. 2008 , Nursing practice and health care: a foundation text , 5 th edn, Arnold, London. Jasper, M. 2006, Professional development, reflection and decision-making vital notes for nurses, Blackwell, Abingdon. Potter, P; Perry, A; Stockert, P; Hall, A. (2013) Fundamentals of Nursing , E-Book. 8 th edn, Elsevier, Edinburgh Sines, D., Aldridge-Bent, S., Fanning, A., Farrelly, P., Potter, K. & Wright, J. 2013. Community and Public Health Nursing Wiley Blackwell. Chichester Williamson, G.R., Jenkinson, T. & Proctor-Childs, T. 2010. Contexts of Contemporary Nursing 2 nd edition. Learning Matters. Exeter Wills, J 2014. Fundamentals of Health Promotion for Nurses . Wiley Blackwell. Chichester Strategies: Strengthening the Commitment, available at www.scotland.gov.uk <http://www.scotland.gov.uk> Mental health strategy available at www.scotland.gov.uk <http://www.scotland.gov.uk> Getting it right for every child available at www.scotland.gov.uk <http://www.scotland.gov.uk> Public bodies (joint working) (Scotland) Act 2014 available at www.scotland.gov.uk <http://www.scotland.gov.uk> Websites Nursing Midwifery Council <http://www.nmc-uk.org/> Healthcare Improvement Scotland <http://www.healthcareimprovementscotland.org/> Knowledge Network <http://www.knowledge.scot.nhs.uk/home.aspx> NHS Scotland Healthcare Quality Improvement Strategy, available at<http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/Health/NHS-Scotland/NHSQuality> Better together: Scotland's patient experience programme, available at<http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2008/11/20095545/0> Patient experience network, available at <http://www.institute.nhs.uk/share_and_network/pen/welcome.html>

Transferrable Skills

Communication: written and oral Knowledge and understanding of the key concepts Evaluative, informed and reflective skills Assessment and decision making skills Independent and team working skills Information technology skills Literature searching and academic writing skills

Module Structure

Activity Total Hours
Lectures (FT) 12.00
Tutorials (FT) 12.00
Independent Learning (FT) 94.00
Assessment (FT) 20.00
Seminars (FT) 12.00

Assessment Methods

Component Duration Weighting Threshold Description
Coursework 1 n/a 100.00 50% Patchwork text to include a series of patchwork items each 1000 words e.g.Patchwork 1 visual patch (photo, dvd, blog, podcast, poster, leaflet) related to health.Patchwork 2 group patch on nursing theories, models and approaches to care.Patchwork 3 online discussion/debate on current policy & care delivery.Patchwork 4 critical reflective narrative.