CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS AND REACTION KINETICS (CCE)

SHE Level 3
SCQF Credit Points 20.00
ECTS Credit Points 10.00
Module Code M3H824741
Module Leader Martin MacDonald
School School of Computing, Engineering and Built Environment
Subject SCEBE - School Office
Trimesters
  • A (September start)
  • B (January start)

Summary of Content

The module will cover fundamental laws of thermodynamics with applications to steady-state flow and non-reacting mixtures; Emphasis will be on understanding the behavior of pure fluids with relevant applications to power generation and refrigeration as well as thermodynamics of mixtures and its applications in vapor-liquid equilibria. To provide the student with basic principles and characterization of various chemical reactions, reactor design and behavior of reactors under various operating conditions applicable to simple reaction systems.

Syllabus

Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics: The First Law of Thermodynamics: Introduction: cyclic systems, Closed systems, Perfect gas property relationships, The Second Law of Thermodynamics: Statement of the Second Law, perpetual motion of the second kind. Heat engine performance - reversible heat engines, The Carnot cycle, Entropy property relationships, T-S, diagram and tables for real fluids. Fundamentals of refrigeration. Volumetric properties and equations of state of ideal fluids Maxwell relations and other relations among properties Thermodynamics of fluid mixtures : Chemical potential; fugacity and its calculation Chemical Kinetics & Reactors : Chemical Reactions: Order of reaction , Rate law and mechanism: rate constant, interpretation of batch reactor data, constant volume and variable volume batch reactor, integral method, differential method , Ideal Reactors - batch, mixed flow reactor, plug flow reactor for single reactions. Multiple reactor systems - equal size mixed reactors in series , Semi batch reactor systems. Catalytic Reactions - Definition of catalyst, rate determination. Introduction toHeterogeneous Catalytic Reactions -

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module the student should be able to:1. Explain and analyse isothermal, isobaric, isochoric, isentropic and cyclic processes for an ideal gas. (AM1)2. Analyse steam power and refrigeration cycles. (AM1, AM5)3. Develop and apply equilibrium criteria to systems and relate thermodynamic properties via partial derivatives, Maxwell's relations. (AM2)4. Analyse and interpret the phase diagrams of binary systems and vapour - liquid equilibria for non-ideal systems. (AM1)5. Analyse the reaction kinetics and behaviour of reactors under various operating conditions to find the rate expression. (AM2, (AM5)6. Explain suitable applications of chemical reactors relevant to process industries and analyse the appropriate criteria for reactor selection. (AM1, AM5)7. Explain the concepts of heterogeneous reactions. (AM2)

Teaching / Learning Strategy

The lecture classes will be used to convey the theory, design concepts and working principles, with suitable explanatory examples. Appropriate coursework will be used to enhance understanding and application of process operations in the real environment. Private study will be used to reinforce material delivered on relevant topics. Independent learning will be encouraged to satisfy the student's particular interest. A combination of Lecture, seminar, and industrial visits will be used.Tutorials will be used to reinforce the module material discussed during lecture sessions. It also serves as a platform of technical discussions to clarify any queries that arise from directed studies .

Indicative Reading

-360b7 Smith, Introduction to Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics by Van Ness and Abbott sixth edition: b7 Narayanan K. V. A text book of Chemical engineering Thermodynamics -360b7 RaoYVC, Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics , University press b7 Levenspiel.O(1999) Chemical Reaction Engineering, 3 rd Ed : Wiley. b7 Schmidt, L.D(2005) The Engineering of Chemical Reactions, 2 nd Ed., Oxford Press . b7 Fogler, H.S. (2001). Elements of Chemical Reaction Engineering. 3 rd Edition : Prentice Hall. b7 Froment, G.F. and Bischoff K.B(1990) Chemical Reactor Analysis and Design, 2 nd Ed : Wiley Smith, J.M(1981) Chemical Engineering Kinetics, 2 nd Ed: McGraw-Hill.

Transferrable Skills

Critical thinking and problem solving, Numeracy skills; Independent working; Knowledge and understanding in the context of subject Cognitive/Intellectual skills.

Module Structure

Activity Total Hours
Assessment (FT) 16.00
Independent Learning (FT) 100.00
Lectures (FT) 56.00
Tutorials (FT) 28.00

Assessment Methods

Component Duration Weighting Threshold Description
Exam (School) 1.50 20.00 n/a Mid-term Test - Unseen written- 1 ½ Hours
Exam (Exams Office) 3.00 50.00 45% Final Examination - Unseen written examination -3hours
Coursework 1 n/a 30.00 n/a Presentation (30%) is the coursework and Quizzes to be made formative.