## ANALOGUE AND DIGITAL ELECTRONICS

 SHE Level 2 SCQF Credit Points 20.00 ECTS Credit Points 10.00 Module Code M2H624336 Module Leader Carlos Gamio-Roffe School School of Computing, Engineering and Built Environment Subject Electronic Engineering Trimesters A (September start) B (January start) C (May start)

### Pre-Requisite Knowledge

Electrical Principles and Circuit Theory or equivalent

### Summary of Content

The aim of this module is to provide students with a strong foundation and understanding of the concepts and principles of analogue and digital electronics, and apply these principles to solve engineering problems required for initial design activities. The analogue electronics section provides the student with the basic knowledge of discrete semiconductor devices, their application, the operational amplifier (op-amp) and the common op-amp circuit configurations found in realisable signal interface and conditioning solutions. The digital electronics section investigates a wide range of combinational and sequential logic functions and circuits that are realisable in both discrete and programmable devices. It provides the student with the fundamental knowledge of digital circuits and logic analysis and synthesis on FPGA platforms

### Syllabus

INTRODUCTION TO ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS Block diagram representation of electronic systems. System inputs and outputs. Review of circuit theory and network theorems. AMPLIFICATION Introduction to electronic amplifiers, sources and loads. Equivalent circuit of an amplifier. Output power and power gain. Review of frequency response and bandwidth. The differential amplifier. OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS The ideal operational amplifier. Basic operational amplifier circuits. Real operational amplifiers. Realistic selection of component values for op-amp circuits. SEMICONDUCTORS AND DIODES E lectrical properties of solids, and semiconductor doping. The PN junction. Diode characteristics. Diode circuit analysis and applications such as half and full wave rectification and clamping. BIPOLAR JUNCTION TRANSISTORS Overview of bipolar transistors. Bipolar transistor operation. A simple amplifier. Bipolar transistor characteristics. DC and small signal analysis. Effects of load resistance and coupling capacitance. Small signal equivalent circuit models. Common emitter, common collector and common base configurations. FIELD-EFFECT TRANSISTORS Overview of the Field-Effect Transistor (FET), Insulated gate FET, Junction gate FET, FET applications. DIGITAL SYSTEMS Binary quantities and variables. Logic gates and functions and combinational logic circuits. Boolean algebra. Simplification of logic functions using Karnaugh maps. Propagation delay and hazards. Number systems and binary arithmetic. Numeric and alphabetic codes. Examples of combinational logic design such as half and full adder elements and decoding functions. Introduction to sequential logic; Flip-flop types; SR, J-K, T, and D type flip flops. Basic asynchronous and synchronous applications and design. IMPLEMENTING DIGITAL SYSTEMS Introduction to programmable logic devices (such as PLDs, CPLDs, and FPGAs), and hardware descriptor languages such as VHDL. Implementation of logic functions using FPGA devices.

### Learning Outcomes

On the completion of this module the student should be able to:-Apply the fundamental concepts and principles that underpin the application of semiconductor devices and op-amp circuit configurations.Use appropriate mathematical methods and electrical circuit principles to model, design and evaluate the behaviour and performance of analogue and digital circuits.Apply appropriate computer-based methods in capturing, modelling and analysing the dc, transient and frequency response of analogue and digital circuits that represent realisable physical solutions.Setup and use appropriate laboratory instruments to test, evaluate and communicate the behaviour and performance of practical electronic circuits.Design and analyse combinational logic circuits using standard logic gates and devices and applying optimisation methods to digital functions where appropriate on programmable devices.

### Teaching / Learning Strategy

The module will provide a strong foundation of engineering practices by developing application type problems and exercises that use real world physical solutions to stimulate students' interest in engineering. A blended learning approach will be used to engage students in the basic concepts, principles and theory using a Virtual Learning Environment (VLE). Flexible learning materials are available, both on and off campus, such as; textbooks, companion websites, videos, formative tests and other online resources. This flexible personalised learning approach allows students to identify specific learning materials that suit personal learning styles. Independent study will be encouraged to satisfy the students' particular interests. The use of Electronic Computer Aided Design (ECAD) and Computer Based Learning (CBL) digital learning technologies will assist students in the learning process by providing a visual representation of a circuits behaviour, validating a calculated solution and reducing the computational burden of more complex circuits. The material covered during lectures will be reinforced and consolidated through tutorials and practical laboratory work to encourage both individual and team skills, broaden understanding and application of electrical principles, instil confidence in the use of laboratory instruments and to engender safe working practices in the laboratory environment.

Electronics: A Systems Approach, 5th Edition; Neil Storey; Pearson 2013; ISBN10 0273773275; ISBN13 9780273773276 Introduction to Digital Design Using Digilent FPGA Boards - Block Diagram/VHDL Examples; Richard Haskell and Darrin Hanna; LBE Books 2009; ISBN13 9780980133769 Electronic Devices (Conventional Current Version), 9th Edition; Thomas Floyd; Pearson New International Edition 2013; ISBN101292025646; ISBN13 9781292025643 Digital Fundamentals, 10th edition; Thomas Floyd; Pearson New International Edition 2013; ISBN10: 129202562X; ISBN13: 9781292025629

### Transferrable Skills

Knowledge and understanding of scientific and mathematical principles and methodology necessary to underpin their education in their engineering discipline and to enable them to apply mathematical methods, tools and notations proficiently in the analysis and solution of engineering problems. Apply mathematical methods and scientific and engineering principles proficiently in the analysis, synthesis, performance assessment, critical appraisal and evaluation of electronic systems. Select and apply appropriate analytical and computer based methods for modelling and analysing engineering problems Select and apply appropriate computer software tools to the synthesis, implementation, evaluation, analysis and solution of electronic problems and systems. Apply a systems approach to the analysis and solution of engineering problems and the design of electronic products. Demonstrate proficiency in the use of specialist equipment, development tools, materials and processes employed in the design, production and testing of electronic systems. Specialist knowledge and application. Critical thinking and problem solving. Critical analysis. Communication skills, written, oral and listening. Numeracy. Effective Information retrieval and research skills. Computer literacy. Self-confidence, self-discipline & self-reliance (independent working). Awareness of strengths and weaknesses. Reliability, integrity, honesty and ethical awareness Ability to prioritise tasks and time management (organising and planning work). Interpersonal skills, team working and leadership. Presentation skills.

### Module Structure

Activity Total Hours
Independent Learning (FT) 120.00
Tutorials (PT) 12.00
Tutorials (FT) 12.00
Practicals (FT) 24.00
Lectures (PT) 24.00
Practicals (PT) 12.00
Assessment (PT) 20.00
Independent Learning (PT) 132.00
Lectures (FT) 24.00
Assessment (FT) 20.00

### Assessment Methods

Component Duration Weighting Threshold Description
Coursework 1 0.00 25.00 35% Practical
Coursework 2 0.00 25.00 35% Practical
Exam (Exams Office) 2.00 50.00 35% Exam (Exams Office)