OPHTHALMIC ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY

SHE Level 1
SCQF Credit Points 20.00
ECTS Credit Points 10.00
Module Code M1B521614
Module Leader Uma Shahani
School School of Health and Life Sciences
Subject Vision Sciences
Trimester
  • A (September start)-B (January start)

Summary of Content

The module will develop an understanding of the structure, function, physiological properties and limitations of the anterior eye, the ocular adnexa and relevant aspects of the head, neck and face. The structure and function of the neural retina and the central nervous system together with their physiological processes will be covered.

Syllabus

Introduction to the module; Gross ocular anatomy Anatomy of skull, orbit and ocular suspension Extra-ocular muscles and their innervation Review of Eyelid Cornea and Conjunctiva Ocular blood supply Lens + accommodation Review of Uvea Aqueous drainage and production Sclera/Vitreous Lacrimal Gland and Tears The structure of the retina RPE and retinal blood supply Introduction to nervous system Chemical & Electrical signalling Cranial Nerves Autonomic NS Blood Supply to Brain Brain Stem and cerebellum Somatic Motor Pathways Visual Pathway-Integration Spinal Cord and Spinal Nerves Diencephalon Special Senses-Skin and Touch Visual Pathway-Retina to Brain Retinal Measurement ERG/EOG Retinal Measurement imaging in vivo OCT OPTOS etc Introduction to Cell Biology The cell plasma membrane Cellular functions Cellular communications in tissues The cell cycle Cell Death General Embryology Ocular Embryology Abnormalities in ocular embryology

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module, students should be able to: Have developed an in depth understanding and appreciation of:Support structures of the eyeFluid dynamics of the eyePhysiological control of ocular stabilityAnatomy of the head, neck and faceMacular systems of the eyeAnatomy of the nerve supply to the eyeStructure, function and physiological properties of the neural retina The central -nervous system. The gross and fine structures of these neural systems together with the -physiological processes are covered.Retinal physiologyThe nervous system

Teaching / Learning Strategy

Teaching will be in lecture format supported by independent reading and private study for class tests throughout the year. Laboratory teaching/learning will incorporate practical demonstration, interactive learning, development and utilization of transferable skills. Blended and interactive learning will also be included.

Indicative Reading

Oyster CW (2006) The Human Eye. Sinauer Associates ISBN: 0878936440 Forrester, AD et al (2001) The Eye: Basic Sciences in Practice 2nd Edition. Saunders Snell, RS, Lemp, MA (1998) Clinical Anatomy of the Eye. Blackwell Sciences Tortora and Derrickson (2014) Principles of Anatomy and Physiology, 14 th Edition. J Wiley & Sons

Transferrable Skills

Independent study skills; scientific reporting skills; microscopy skills; skills with scientific equipment including the electro-oculograph; microscopic techniques for viewing eye in vivo (Optos)

Module Structure

Activity Total Hours
Independent Learning (FT) 63.00
Lectures (FT) 45.00
Assessment (FT) 27.00
Practicals (FT) 65.00

Assessment Methods

Component Duration Weighting Threshold Description
Coursework 1 n/a 50.00 35% 7x lab assessments
Coursework 2 n/a 50.00 35% 6x class tests