The following pages explain some common grammatical difficulties and provide links to free online material:

General Grammar Pages

Links to Grammars of English on the web and pages that deal with a range of different aspects of grammar. A good page to start if you just want to have a browse or cannot find the subject you are looking for in our list.

 ‘I have gone’ or ‘I went’? ‘I study’ or ‘I am studying’? – Verb Tenses

You get confused by different ways of referring to the past or cannot remember the irregular forms of words such as ‘go’, ‘bring’ or ‘think’. This page helps you to learn verb forms, explains when they are used and suggests links to practise them.

‘I sent the letter’ ‘The letter was sent.’ – Passive Voice

More on verbs and how to emphasise what is done more than who is doing it. Here you find a guide to forming passive forms, an explanation of its use and links to more online exercises.

‘I am ill’ ‘She said she was ill.’ - Reported Speech

Reporting what people said or wrote can be tricky with a different word order and sometimes different tenses. Read how it works and practise on the links provided here.

‘the’, ‘a’, ‘an’ - Articles

Small words that can have a big effect on your writing, articles are important to suggest whether you talk about something specific of something general. When and when not to use them and lots and lots of exercises to practise can be found on the following page.

He, she, it – Pronouns

A sentence can become highly confusing when they it uses the wrong pronoun, and referring to a man as ‘she’ by accident can cause embarrassment. Check your use of pronouns with the exercises on these pages.

He is a good writer and he writes well – Adjectives and Adverbs

When do you have to add –ly to a word and which words do not have regular adjective – adverb pairs such as beautiful – beautifully? The answers and more exercises on the following pages.

I am interested or I am interesting - Participial Adjectives

Tricky adjectives that can change the meaning of your sentence entirely. This page explains the difference between being convincing and being convinced and gives you more links to practise it.

‘The exercise which was really useful’, ‘The website that helped me’ - Relative Clauses

Which, what, who, that, whom? How to choose the right word to introduce relative clauses and lots of exercises to practise them.

Putting words into the right order - Sentence Structure

Sentence structure is a very common problem for non-native speakers of English, but also one that is not often taught beyond elementary level. The following site explains typical problems with the word order in sentences and suggests links to further exercises.

‘going to university, studying in the university ‘ - Prepositions

Another complicated aspect of learning English, as there are few rules for the use of prepositions. The best way of learning them is a lot of practice, so our links make sure that you can improve through lots and lots of practice.

‘give up’? ‘go on!’ – Phrasal Verbs

Phrasal verbs take a lot of effort to learn, but are very common in everyday English. If you want to get on with your listening skills and do not want to give up, have a look at the following pages.