Systematic reviews and trials

Systematic reviews and trials

We have used the British Standard (BS ISO 690:2010) throughout our guide however no specific guidance is provided for systematic reviews.

Cochrane Systematic Review

We have amended the Cochrane Collaboration recommended reference format, by capitalising the author names, to be consistent with our guide.

AUTHOR(S) SURNAME, First Name or Initials., Title of review. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews Year of Publication, Issue. Art. No.: CD00. [viewed date] DOI:

Example: AVENELL, A., MAK, J.C.S. & O'CONNELL, D., Vitamin D and vitamin D analogues for preventing fractures in post-menopausal women and older men. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2014, Issue 4. Art. No.: CD000227. [viewed 8 June 2015] DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD000227.pub4

Example of in text citation:

The impact of vitamin D on preventing fractures in older people is limited (Avanell, Mak and O’Connell, 2014).

Non-Cochrane Systematic Review  

AUTHOR(S) SURNAME, First Name or Initials., Year of Publication. Article Title. Journal Title [online]. Volume number (Part or Issue or Month), Page Number(s). [viewed date]. Available from: http://www...

Example: RATTAN, D., BHATIA, R. & SINGH, M., 2013. Software clone detection: A systematic review. Information and Software Technology [online]. 55(7), pp.1165-1199. [viewed 18 February 2015]. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.infsof.2013.01.008

Example of in text citation:

Future research as recommended by Rattan, Bhatia and Singh (2013) includes empirical studies examining the effects of cloning in real world models.

Trials

Where the number of authors or contributors is very large, you can use the name of the trial group instead.

AUTHOR(S) SURNAME, First Name or Initials or NAME OF TRIAL GROUP, Title. Journal Title [online]. Volume number (Part or Issue or Month), Page Number(s). [viewed date]. Available from: http://www...

ExampleCONSENSUS TRIAL STUDY GROUP, 1987. Effects of Enalapril on mortality in severe congestive heart failure. Results of the Cooperative North Scandinavian Enalapril Survival Study (CONSENSUS). The New England Journal of Medicine [online], 316(23), pp.1429–1435. [viewed 18 March 2018]. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJM198706043162301

Example of in text citation: 

The effect of Enalapril has been examined in patients with congestive heart failure (CONSENSUS Trial Study Group, (1987) 

The CONSENSUS Trial Study Group (1987) examined the effects of enalapril on mortality.