Books

Take the information for your reference from the title page inside the book. The wording and spelling of the title should be the same as the original source. If a book has an edition number always include it in your reference. 

Book - One author

AUTHOR SURNAME, First Name or Initials., Year of Publication. Title. Edition (if not the 1st). Place: Publisher.

Example: COTTRELL, S., 2013. The study skills handbook. 4th ed. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Examples of in text citations:

Students often underestimate the importance of time management in achieving academic success (Cottrell, 2013).

Cottrell (2013) states that students underestimate the importance of time management in achieving academic success. 

Book - Two or Three authors

AUTHOR SURNAME, First Name or Initials. & AUTHOR SURNAME, First Name or Initials., Year of Publication. Title. Edition (if not the 1st). Place: Publisher.

Example: MCMILLAN, K. & WEYERS, J., 2012. The study skills book. 3rd ed. Harlow, Essex: Pearson Prentice Hall.

Examples of in text citations:

Good study skills are key to academic success (McMillan & Weyers, 2012).

McMillan and Weyers (2012) argue that good study skills are key to academic success.

Book - Four or more authors

AUTHOR SURNAME, First Name or Initials., AUTHOR SURNAME, First Name or Initials., AUTHOR SURNAME, First Name or Initials. & AUTHOR SURNAME, First Name or Initials., Year of Publication. Title. Edition (if not the 1st). Place: Publisher.

Example: SCOTT, L., MASON, P., JONES, T. & COLLINS, D., 2012. Research methods in nursing and midwifery. London: Sage.

Examples of in text citations:

Working with human subjects raises ethical and data protection issues (Scott et al., 2012).

Scott et al. (2012) outline the ethical and data protection issues raised when working with human subjects. 

Book - Corporate author or Organisation as author

ORGANISATION NAME, Year of Publication. Title. Edition (if not the 1st). Place: Publisher.

Example: ROYAL INSTITUTE OF CHARTERED SURVEYORS (RICS), 2012. RICS new rules of measurement: NRM 1. 2nd ed. London: RICS.

Examples of in text citations:

Before use digital laser measures must be calibrated to ensure compliance with the latest standards (RICS, 2012).

RICS (2012) state that digital laser measures must be calibrated to ensure compliance with the latest standards.

Chapter within an edited book

AUTHOR(S) SURNAME, First Name or Initials., Year of Publication. Title of chapter. In: EDITOR’S SURNAME, First Name or Initials., ed. Book Title. Edition (if not the 1st). Place: Publisher, Page Number(s).

Example: TAN, W., 2014. Feasibility, Design and Planning. In: TURNER, J.R., ed. Gower handbook of project management. 5th ed. Ashgate: Gower, pp.363-378.

Examples of in text citations:

Gantt charts can provide a clear overview of a complex process (Tan, 2014).

Tan (2014) describes how a Gantt chart can provide a clear overview of complex processes.

Ebook

AUTHOR(S) SURNAME, First Name or Initials., Year of Publication. Title [online]. Edition (if not the 1st). Place: Publisher. [viewed date]. Available from: http://www…

Example: CREME, P. & LEA, M.R., 2008. Writing at university: a guide for students [online]. 3rd ed. Maidenhead: Open University Press.[viewed 14 July 2014]. Available from: http://www.dawsonera.com

Examples of in text citations:

Adopting the passive voice can help students achieve an academic writing style (Creme & Lea, 2008).

Creme and Lea (2008) argue that adopting the passive can help students achieve an academic writing style.