Referencing shows the breadth of your research and provides details of the sources that you have used to support your arguments and conclusions. By acknowledging the sources used in the preparation of your work, you will also avoid plagiarism.

There are multiple referencing systems and styles used across the university so please check your module handbook or speak to your tutor to clarify which you should use. When you have identified the appropriate referencing system you should consistently follow it. Listed below are some of the main referencing systems used within the university: 

  • American Psychological Association (APA) 7th edition website has examples and common questions on the APA Style. The library also has a print copy of the publication manual for the seventh edition. 
  • Chicago-Style Citation Quick Guide provides examples of citations using the Chicago-Style (16th edition) for both notes and bibliography format and author-date format.
  • Our Harvard Referencing Guide provides comprehensive guidance and examples for the key types of scholarly and digital information sources you are likely to cite. Our guide is based on the current British Standard (BS ISO 690:2010) and will be maintained in accordance with any updates.
  • IEEE style referencing is a numeric style commonly used in Computing and Electronics. References are numbered in the order they appear in your document and retain the number given to them if used again in the same piece of work. You can find the IEEE style in RefWorks under the output style menu.
  • OSCOLA (Oxford Standard for the Citation of Legal Authorities) 4th edition website has the full guide which outlines the principles of the standard and provides comprehensive guidance on citing materials, a quick reference guide which gives examples of how to cite key legal materials and a guide to citing international law.
Further help

There are a number of online reference management products which can help you to manage your references and to create formatted work and a bibliography. The library provides support for RefWorks. For assistance with RefWorks please visit our RefWorks help pages.

The Academic Development Tutors within the Learning Development Centres provide support and advice on referencing. Please see their pages for contact details and information on their services.