The conclusion

Writing a conclusion is an important part of any piece of writing. It is often possible to get a good picture of an assignment by looking briefly at the conclusion. However, writing one can be quite difficult. This is because it can often be hard to find something interesting or useful to say. Conclusions should be attractive and interesting but often they are rather dull and "formula written".

Although formulae for writing conclusions are tempting to use, it is always best to avoid set phrases such as "Therefore, let us conclude that..." which are clichés, and do not help to end your work in the best light. Here is a video from Dr Jane McKay to help you.

Essay Writing

Copyright ©2013 Greater Glasgow Articulation Partnership

Trzeciak and Mackay (1994) observe a number of useful "ingredients" that form part of a conclusion. Again, as with introductions, it will not always be necessary or desirable to include all the elements they mention. However, you will probably want to use some of these in some combination, in order to conclude your work.

  • A summary of the main part of the text
  • A deduction made on the basis of the main body
  • Your personal opinion on what has been discussed
  • A statement about the limitations of the work
  • comment about the future based on what has been discussed
  • The implications of the work for future research
  • Important facts and figures not mentioned in the main body

Reference: English for Academic Study Series : Study Skills for Academic Writing. Trzeciak, John Prentice Hall, 1994.