Research misconduct

GCU Definition of Misconduct in Research

All individuals carrying out research for Glasgow Caledonian University are expected to observe high standards of professional behaviour both in the practice of research and in the publication and dissemination of research. A failure to achieve the highest attainable levels of good practice is not itself sufficient evidence of research misconduct, nor is honest or unintentional error.

Research misconduct is broadly defined as wilful behaviour that falls seriously short of, or that seriously breaches the principles of good practice in the conduct of academic research.

Research misconduct may take many forms. It includes, but may not be restricted to, the following:

  • Piracy: the deliberate exploitation of the ideas of others without permission or acknowledgement. It includes the piratical use of material that has been provided in a privileged way for review, examination, assessment or appraisal.
  • Fraud: the manipulation of data or findings with an intention to deceive. It includes the invention, falsification, or selective use of data to create an impression that the researcher knows to be false or incomplete. It can also incorporate financial fraud when there is a misappropriate use of funds.
  • Collusion: the deliberate participation in the research misconduct of another person.
  • Plagiarism: the deliberate copying of, data or text without permission or acknowledgement.

These pages have been adapted from the GCU code of good practice in research, the GCU research ethics booklet, and the BPS code of human research ethics.

Creative Commons Licence
SMILE  Research ethics by The British Psychological Society and GCU modified by Marion Kelt, Glasgow Caledonian University is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Based on a work at,,