Numerical referencing

Numerical referencing

What is it?

Referencing is a way of acknowledging that you have used the ideas and written material belonging to another author. It demonstrates that you have undertaken an appropriate literature search and that you have carried out appropriate reading.

Here are examples of sources you might use and need to reference:
  • Books 
  • Journal articles 
  • Electronic journal articles 
  • Web pages 
  • Emails 
  • Video, films, audio and multimedia recordings 
  • Newspapers 
  • Conference papers 
  • Pamphlets 
  • Radio or TV broadcasts (you must check that your lecturer is happy for you to use this type of material in your assignment) 
  • Personal communication 
  • Interviews (if this is a personal interview, you must always ask permission of the interviewee before using such material)
Why do it?
  • so that anyone reading your assignments can trace the sources you have used in the development of your work
  • if you do not acknowledge another writer's work or ideas, you could be accused of plagiarism
  • accurate referencing is good academic practice and enhances the presentation of your work
  • accurate referencing can improve your marks

Creative Commons Licence
SMILE by Imperial College, Loughborough University and the University of Worcester, modified by Marion Kelt Glasgow Caledonian University is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.