Chigago referencing: Books

Book with one author or editor

The general format below refers to a book with one author. If you are dealing with one editor instead of one author, insert the editor's name in the place where the author's name is now, followed by a comma and the word "ed." without the quotation marks.  The rest of the format remains the same.

General format
  • Full Note:
    1. Author First Name/Initial Surname, Book Title: Subtitle (Place of Publication: Publisher, Year), page #.
  • Concise note:
    2. Author Surname, Book Title, page #. 
  • Bibliography:
    Author Surname, First Name or Initial. Book Title: Subtitle. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year.
  • Full note:
    1. Salman Rushdie, The Ground beneath Her Feet (New York: Henry Holt, 1999), 25.
  • Concise Note:
    2. Rushdie, The Ground beneath, 25.
  • Bibliography:
    Rushdie, Salman. The Ground beneath Her Feet. New York: Henry Holt, 1999.