Open access frequently asked questions (FAQs)

What is an author accepted manuscript (AAM)?

AAM: The author accepted manuscript is the version of the research output that has been accepted for publication, after peer-review and with comments implemented. Also known as post-print.

What is an article processing charge (APC)?

APC: The article processing charge is the fee paid to the publisher to make a research output gold open access.

What are the benefits of open access?

Open access increases visibility of research. It makes publications freely available to anyone with an internet connection. As a consequence, it increases citation rates, enables practitioners to use and apply findings and is compliant with funder requirements.

What is a CC-BY licence?

CC-BY: Creative Commons attribution licence. It allows for unrestricted reuse of the content as long as the original author is attributed. This is the open access licence required when funded by RCUK.

I have deposited my research in Pure but can’t see it.

When you save a Pure record "for validation", it becomes part of the validation queue. The library reviews, edits and checks every single research output. If vital information or the accepted author manuscript is missing from the deposit, the library will contact you. The validation is complex and might take a bit of time. REF eligible output will be treated as a priority.

How can I deposit research in Pure?

To deposit research in Pure, please log into your Pure account and create a new record for each research output, by using the green Add new button on the right side of the screen. We have a web page outlining how to deposit research outputs in Pure.

How do I get a Pure account?

As a member of academic staff you should already have a Pure account. If you are a new member of staff, a Pure account will be created for you. For more information, please contact

What is gold and green open access?

Gold open access refers to publications made publicly available by charging for publication, rather than subscription. The majority of publishers operate a “hybrid model”, which as well as subscription offers individual articles to be made open access with an article processing charge (APC) paid. The typical cost of an APC is £1,500 and can rise to £5,000.

Green open access is the cost-free route to open access. The author accepted manuscript can be made available through an institutional repository (GCU uses PURE). In most case embargo periods will apply to this type of publication. The library will check the embargo periods for every research output and apply the correct one for you.

Who can I contact for help?

Please contact for more information, questions regarding open access and compliance with the HEFCE REF open access policy.

How can I make my research open access?

In uploading the accepted author manuscript to Pure, the library will check the publisher permission and can in most cases make the research output open access through the green route. The library will apply embargo periods as they are set out by individual publishers. Alternatively, you can make your research open access via the paid gold route.

What is open access?

Open access (in this context) refers to the unrestricted, online access to literature, freely available to anyone in the world with an internet connection.

Is there funding available for open access?

The library administers the University's fund to pay for article processing charges (APCs). Your research may be eligible to have APCs paid for with this fund.

Please contact for more information.

What are the open access requirements for the next REF?

The UKRI open access policy for the next REF states that journal articles and conference proceedings with an ISSN need to be deposited into PURE within three months of acceptance. This applies to publications accepted from 1 April 2016.

In order to be compliant with the Research England policy and be eligible for the next REF, you need to create a PURE record for every research output and upload the accepted author manuscript to PURE, as well as adding the acceptance date and email the acceptance email to

What is an ORCID?

An ORCID is a persistent digital identifier that distinguishes you from every other researcher. It helps provide links between you and your professional activities ensuring that your work is recognised.