Dr Shiv Shanmugam gained a Bachelors’ in Physiotherapy (B.P.T) at Christian Medical College and Hospital, Vellore, India where he graduated with ‘the Steve Kolumban Memorial Gold Medal’ for the best all round student and stayed on to work as a Senior Physiotherapist at the Rehabilitation Institute. His research interests then were on 3D movement analysis of lower paraplegic and lower limb amputee gait. He secured a scholarship from the Department for International Development (DFID) to pursue his research interests and gained an MSc and PhD in Bioengineering at Strathclyde University. His PhD thesis was on hand function of the elderly during basic ADL tasks. Dr Shiv Shanmugam has previously worked as a researcher at Strathclyde University and as a lecturer in physiotherapy at Queen Margaret University.