i. To identify and describe societal perspectives on the (relative) value of end of life technologies by eliciting the views of both members of the public and experts in relevant fields, using Q methodology;
ii. To develop methods to investigate the distribution of those views, including their association with other characteristics in a nationally representative sample of the UK general public.
Analysis of the first phase of work is complete and we have identified three different societal perspectives, published open access in BMC Medical Ethics.
The main purpose of Phase 2 of the project is to generate new knowledge with respect to the merits and weakness of different approaches to Q survey design. The objective of Q surveys Q2S is to approximate, in short form, the likely Q factor association/ membership of a large (representative) population sample. We devised 5 Q2S approaches and explore three central questions:-
- Which Q2S methods best approximate factor loadings when compared to a full Q sort with the same participants?
- What are the strengths and limitations of the 5 Q2S approaches in terms of respondent acceptability, convergent validity and repeatability.
- What are the strengths and limitations of the 5 Q2S approaches (flexibility/ richness afforded by different approaches) with respect to data analysis?
We also explore relationships between Q factor association, hypothetical policy choice questions and other socio-demographic and attitudinal variables. Phase 2 analysis is underway.