Health & Safety Management

The BEAM Research Centre offers expertise on Health & Safety Management through teaching at undergraduate and postgraduate levels, academic research, and outreach and collaboration with industry.  This expertise has been recognised by regular collaboration with IOSH, HSE, and HFS.

BEAM's Health & Safety Management Research Repository documents the outputs of projects where this expertise has been applied, in addition to providing access to the field's key documents.

For enquiries on topics relating to Health & Safety Management contact Professor Billy Hare.

A worker engagement maturity model for the improvement of OSH in construction (2017)

Title: The development of a worker engagement maturity model for the improvement of occupational health and safety in construction 

Authors: Hare, B; Cameron, I; Lawani, K.

Funded by: Berkeley Group Innovation Fund

This research was funded in response to the HSE view of worker engagement and their requirement for every worker on a construction site to contribute to the improvement of Occupation Safety and Health (OSH). However, there is currently no recognised model of worker engagement maturity for the improvement of construction OSH. The aim of this research was to address this issue through the development of a Worker Engagement Maturity Model.  Five key worker engagement maturity indicators were developed with a focus on evaluating the maturity levels of workers as an individual, within a specific project and organisational focus. The indicators are: Meaningful Discussion; Empowerment; Trust; Motivation; and Commitment.  The expectation was that these five indicators combined together can be used in determining the engagement levels and growth maturity of workers over a period of time.

Click this link to download the full report: "The development of worker engagement maturity model for the improvement of occupational health and safety in construction".

Exploring building collapse during demolition (2016)

Title: Why might a building unexpectedly collapse during demolition work?

Author: Hare, B.

In "The Conversation", Prof Billy Hare explains the multiple risks during a building demolition that can lead to collapse and danger workers' lives.  The article on "Why might a building unexpectedly collapse during demolition work?" can be found at this link.

Training migrant construction workers in OSH through pictorial communication (2012)

Title: The impact of pictorial OSH training on migrant worker behaviour and competence by Glasgow Caledonian University

Authors: Cameron, I; Hare, B; Duff, R; McNairney, F.

Funded by: IOSH R&D Grant

Strategies adopted by construction companies to communicate with non-English-speaking migrant workers – strategies supported by legislation - include pictorial methods of communication.  Various authors have concluded that there is scope for using pictorial communication in this sector in order to bridge the communication gap, due in large part to the increase in migrant labour. However, there have been few construction-specific studies and, in these, few validation techniques have been applied to gauge the success of the communication methods.  This study sought evidence for the use of pictorial aids beyond text-only materials, reporting implications for industry and future research.

Click the link to access the Summary Report.

Click the link to access the Full Report

Relationship between OSH personnel provision and OSH performance (2007)

Title: Superior safety performance: OSH personnel and safety performance in construction

Authors: Cameron, I.; Hare, B.; Duff, R.

Funded by: IOSH R&D Grant

The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the provision and application of competent OSH personnel and OSH performance in construction organisations.  The underlying assumption – that greater investment in OSH personnel is associated with improved OSH performance – is central to most literature on OSH performance but, strangely, is not mentioned by the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) in its ‘excellence model’.  The study sought to investigate the relationship between OSH personnel and performance, communicated through cost-benefit analysis, and makes recommendations for both industry and future research.

Final Report

Approaches to Worker Engagement (2006)

Title: An investigation of approaches to worker engagement

Authors: Cameron, I.;Hare, B.; Duff, R.; Maloney, B.

Funded by: Health and Safety Executive (HSE)

The report describes a study of approaches to worker engagement in the construction industry. The study involved an extensive literature review of methods used to engage construction workers in relation to the management of health and safety on site, followed by industry consultation via workshops before developing four packages of intervention strategies to test on several sites. Before and after measures of worker perceptions combined with qualitative interviews found that three approaches successfully improve workers’ perceptions of worker engagement and the health and safety performance of management. Informal methods of engagement were more successful than written approaches and investment in formal health and safety training resulted in more meaningful discussions.

The full report can be accessed here.

Causes of fatal and major injuries in Scottish construction (2006)

Title: An analysis of the significant causes of fatal and major injuries in construction in Scotland

Authors: BOMEL Ltd, GCU School of the Built and Natural Environment, The Institute for Employment Research

Funded by: Health and Safety Executive (HSE)

This report describes a study to investigate the causes underlying the differences between the accident rate in Scottish construction and construction in the rest of Great Britain. This involved identifying the most significant causes of fatal and major accidents within construction on both sides of the border, including any specific to SMEs, and examining national differences with particular focus on factors that can be influenced by HSE and the construction industry to reduce accident rates. Analyses were undertaken of the RIDDOR accident data, Labour Force Survey data and notifier surveys. Causal analyses of fatal injury accidents were also undertaken. A range of stakeholders were consulted via interviews and site visits on both sides of the border. The findings indicate that the most significant factor in explaining the difference in accident rates is the differing occupational make up of Scotland and the rest of Great Britain. There are proportionally many more manual (at risk) workers in Scottish construction than in the rest of Great Britain. As a result, it appears that the overall accident rate is higher in Scotland.

 The full report can be accessed here.

Technical guide for fall prevention and arrest equipment (2005)

Title: A technical guide to the selection and use of fall prevention and arrest equipment

Authors: Cameron, I.; Duff, R.; Gillan, G.

Funded by: Health and Safety Executive (HSE)

This report describes a study on fall prevention and arrest equipment available to the construction industry. The research critically appraised various available equipment:

  • Purlin Trolley Systems
  • Safety Decking
  • Fall Arrest Mats
  • Safety Netting
  • Cable and Track-Based fall arrest systems
  • NASC’s SG4:00: The Use of Fall Arrest Equipment when Erecting, Altering and Dismantling Scaffold;

through interviews with system users, experts in selection and planning of accident protection methods, and observations of live case study sites.  The research output reports on good practice for fall prevention and arrest in construction.

The final report can be found here. 

Health and Safety planning in construction industry (2004)

Title: Integrated gateways: planning out health & safety risk

Authors: Cameron, I.; Duff, R.; Hare, B.

Funded by: Health and Safety Executive (HSE)

The report describes an investigation into the integration of health and safety planning within construction project management.  It was widely believed that implementation of the CDM Regulations had lead to a bureaucracy, parallel to, but detached from, normal project management practice and adding little value to the management of construction projects. The research team engaged in extensive industry consultation, including several group meetings and numerous interviews with experienced practitioners. This resulted in the development of an integrated Gateway model for construction projects, incorporating the management of health and safety risk.  The outcome of this research illustrates that general planning tools that incorporate health and safety planning will make health and safety management easier and more effective, becoming a natural part of the day to day activities of those planning and managing construction projects.

The final report can be found here.

Construction employees' involvement in Health and Safety (2003)

Title: Employee Involvement, Consultation and Information Sharing in Health and Safety in Construction

Authors: Maloney, W.F. (University of Kentucky); Cameron, I. (GCU)

Funded by: EPSRC

This study was conducted in order to develop a model of construction work process planning that identified opportunities for operative involvement and consultation on health and safety.  The developed model was then used to assess industry practice, and evaluate operative capability in addition to assessing contractor and operative attitudes on operative involvement and consultation.  The study revealed that there is little involvement of operatives in the work plan process despite operatives displaying the capacity to be involved. 

The report can be found in full at this link.