Led by Dr Carol Emslie, the Substance Use and Misuse research group explores gender and alcohol consumption, alcohol-related violence, smoking cessation, and substance dependence and stigma.
Gender and Alcohol Consumption
Despite significant changes in women’s drinking, men remain more likely to drink heavily and to die from alcohol-related causes. Dr Carol Emslie is leading research on gender and alcohol consumption. Our recent MRC-funded research on drinking in mid-life highlights how excessive drinking remains normalised even in this age group, and how men regard drinking pints of beer in the pub together as “an act of friendship”, leading to both potentially health-damaging (excessive drinking) and health-promoting (social support) behaviours.
Dr Carol Emslie and Professor Brian Williams are conducting the Glasgow section of a RCT which aims to reduce the frequency of excessive drinking among men aged 25 to 44 years using mobile phone text messages. This NIHR funded study (£845,521) is led by Professor Iain Crombie at the University of Dundee and runs until 2016.
In recent years there has been increasing concern about levels of alcohol-related disorder and violence in Scotland. Dr Alasdair Forsyth has led research on this topic, including studying the effects of a glassware ban on licensed premises, conducting focus groups with street drinkers, interviewing young offenders and observing alcohol-related violence in Glasgow nightclubs. His current work, funded by the Alcohol Research Council and led by Professor Liz Gilchrist (GCU), explores the role of alcohol in intimate partner violence. This research involves administering research tools designed to measure alcohol use disorder (AUDIT) and intimate partner violence (Conflict Tactics Inventory) to those involved in either conflictual or contented relationships.
People derive significant health benefits from stopping smoking but certain groups experience health inequalities that make it particularly difficult to stop. Dr Susan Kerr is leading mixed-methods research which focuses on smoking cessation interventions for people with severe and enduring mental health problems and for professionals who work with older adults. She is also seeking to develop and evaluate tobacco and alcohol-related health promotion interventions for people with learning disabilities. Susan’s work highlights the complexity of smoking cessation for these groups of people and the health professionals who work with them. For example, a recent study demonstrated that while people with enduring mental health problems acknowledge that their physical health will improve if they stop smoking and their disposable income will increase, more important for many is the expectation that, if they attempt to stop smoking, their anxiety levels will increase, they will lose an important coping resource, they will have given up something they find pleasurable and, most importantly, their mental health will deteriorate. Barriers to smoking cessation therefore outweighed potential facilitators and, as a consequence, impacted negatively on levels of motivation and self-efficacy.
Brian Gallagher (GCU) is exploring connections between fatherhood, masculinities and alcohol use. Supervisors: Dr Carol Emslie, Dr Lisa Kidd and Dr Kerri McPherson.
David Greenwell (GCU). A study of readiness to change, self-efficacy and treatment entry pressures in people undertaking methadone maintenance treatment for opioid dependence. Supervisors: Dr Susan Kerr, Prof Hazel Watson and Dr Angus McFadyen
Jemma Lennox (MRC Social & Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow) is examining how alcohol is used by young adults to construct gendered identities both off-line (e.g. in bars and clubs) and on-line (e.g. on social networking sites). Supervisors: Dr Carol Emslie and Dr Helen Sweeting.
Tim Laxton (GCU) is exploring how the concept of stigma affects the treatment of alcohol-dependent people and the health professionals who work with them. Supervisors: Dr Alasdair Forsyth, Prof Paul Flowers and Dr Helen Mason.
Paul Rogon (GCU) Exploring the multi-dimensional nature of young people’s substance use and the associated problematic consequences. Supervisors: Dr Christina Knussen and Dr Phil Dalgarno.
Dr Carol Emslie
Tel: +44 (0)141 273 1215
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