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Scottish Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (SCND) Archive

Reference codes, titles and dates of Archive

Reference Code: GB1847 SCND
Title:
Records of the Scottish Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (SCND)
Date of creation of material:
1960s-1999
Level of description:
Fonds
Extent:
12 metres

Administrative history

Name of Creator: Scottish Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (SCND) .
Administrative History: The Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND) was launched with a massive public CND logo meeting in Westminster, London in February 1958. Shortly afterwards at Easter the first Aldermaston March attracted a good deal of attention and the CND symbol appeared everywhere. Scottish CND was formed shortly after the formation of CND in London with the first meeting of the Executive Committee of SCND taking place on 15 April 1958 in Simpson House, Edinburgh. Before Scottish CND there was an Edinburgh Council for the Abolition of Nuclear Weapons Tests (ECANWT). This was initially formed by a group of staff and parents, including Denis Carrabine and Ronald Macintosh, at the Rudolf Steiner school in Edinburgh.  In January 1959 there were “local councils” of SCND in Glasgow, Edinburgh and East Fife and it was hoped that other councils would be formed in Dundee, Perth and Paisley.

The first Secretary of SCND was Ken Hamnett and the Chair was Roddy MacFarquhar. Keith Bovey and Neil Carmichael attended the first meeting. Others listed in the Executive sederunt are Denis Carrabine, Campbell Wilkie (Glasgow), Ronald Macintosh, Roberts and Millan. The first Executive meeting noted that the following had agreed to be sponsors of SCND: Dr Dott, Professor Ellis, Very Rev George MacLeod, Naomi Mitchison and Oliver Brown. Early literature shows the following additional sponsors: Dr James Robertson Justice, Sir Compton Mackenzie, Dr Ronald Meek, Alexander Moffat, RE Muirhead, Lord John Boyd Orr, Dr RLM Synge and Prof CH Waddington. The Honorary President was Professor N Kemmer.

Scottish CND received backing from a range of organisations including churches, political parties, trade unions and perhaps more importantly from individual men and women with no particularly strong religious, political or industrial affiliation. CND opposes all nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction: their development, manufacture, testing, deployment, and use or threatened use by any country. As a British campaign, it concentrates first and foremost on British nuclear weapons but it works with anti-nuclear groups in other countries, particularly in the tracking of nuclear materials world wide and at United Nations and other international disarmament conferences. CND wants the world wide abandonment of nuclear weapons. It calls on the British Government to take a lead by giving up its Trident weapon. The Scottish CND which works closely with British CND has the same aims and is further motivated by having Trident in Scottish waters.

On 26 October 1958 there was a public meeting in St Andrews Halls, Glasgow organised by SCND and the following year on 2 May 1 Edinburgh to London march (1961) - from SCND website959 a march in Glasgow attracted 4,000. Two constant areas of activity, demonstration and protest for Scottish CND over the years were the US Polaris submarine base at Holy Loch in the Clyde (established in 1961) and its British twin at Faslane near Helensburgh (1968).  In addition Scottish CND reacted to the peaks and troughs of ‘cold war’ tension. The announcement by President Regan in 1983 of "Star Wars" - the first version of National Missile Defence - together with the arrival of Cruise at Greenham led to a mass "die-in" in George Square in Glasgow and a march of 20,000. CND, although principally an anti-bomb movement, has also been a leader in the anti-war peace movement.

In March 2005 a new initiative was launched at the Oran Mor in Byres Road, Glasgow. "Scotland's for Peace" brings together peace, religious and trade union organisations with the aim - "we desire that Scotland should be known for its contribution to international peace and justice rather than for waging war". Scottish CND plays a key role supporting this project.

SCND is funded entirely by its members and supporters, through membership fees, donations, legacies, and fund-raising events. Professional accountants audit the accounts every year and minutes of these are presented to the Annual General Meeting for approval. The workings of the organisation are co-ordinated from the office at Barrland Street in Glasgow. Scottish CND has members and supporters throughout Scotland, and local groups work in several areas of the country. The organisation is run by elected officers on its Executive. The work of the office is dependent on volunteers and the current full-time Coordinator of Scottish CND is John Ainslie (2008).

Peace chain around Faslane (15 June 2008) - from SCND website

(Taken from the history sections of CND and SCND websites)

Archival History: Retained by SCND.
Immediate source of acquisition
: Transferred by SCND in April 2004.

What is in the Archive

Scope and Content Abstract: This material has yet to be formally arranged but a box list has been created as part of the accessioning process. The Archive at present includes minutes, correspondence, press cuttings, subject files, general papers, demo and conference records and an extensive collection of related published materials. The leaflets, pamphlets and published items are fully listed in the catalogue (boxes 13 to 24). The Archive holds the administrative papers, correspondence and minutes from 1984 to 1998 (boxes 3/1 to 3/3) and numerous subject files dispersed through the collection (boxes 1/1 to 8/4). An incomplete run of the journal Sanity from December 1973 to April 1991 (boxes 9 to 12) is also part of the Archive.
Box list of Archive content.
Appraisal, Destruction and Scheduling Information: This material has been appraised in line with standard GB 1847 procedures.
Accrual: None expected. 
System of Arrangement: The arrangement of this material reflects the original order in which it was received.

Getting & using the Archive

Conditions Governing Access:  Open by arrangement with the Archivist.
Copyright/Conditions Governing Reproduction: Applications for permission to quote should be sent to the University Archivist. Reproduction subject to usual conditions: educational use and condition of documents.
Language of Material: English.
Physical Characteristics: None which affect the use of this material.
Finding Aids: Box list to folder and item level.

Other collections of similar subject matter

Location of Originals: This material is original.
Existence of Copies: No known copies.
Related Units of Description: Research Collections holds various archives and collections which deal with subjects covered by this Archive. Related archives include -
GB1847 Records of Tony Southall
GB1847 STUC Archive - Peace movement material
GB1847 CPGB Scottish Committee Archive - Peace movement material
GB1847 Records of Sandy Hobbs - SCND and peace movement material
GB1847 Centre for Poltiical Song - SCND/CND and peace movement material

The Mitchell Library, Glasgow Archives and Special Collections Department (level 2) also hold SCND material for the period 1956 to 1960 - accession number 891701.

Further details of related material can be found on the appropriate links page.
Publication Note: None to date.

Archive contact

Carole McCallum (University Archivist)
Telephone - +44 (0)141 273 1188
Email - C.McCallum@gcal.ac.uk  

 

Notes relating to the preparation of this description

Description Compilation Details: Complied by Carole McCallum, University Archivist, 11 December 2008. With thanks to Marlyn Macowan for her work on this archive.


Last Updated: 18 August, 2009
Edited by: webteam@gcal.ac.uk

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